Altamonte Springs


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Altamonte Springs

  1. 1. Altamonte Springs 2007 Redevelopment Plans
  2. 2. OVERVIEW <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Macro/Micro Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Land Use </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal </li></ul>
  3. 3. North Side: 434 East Side: 427 West Side: Montgomery Rd. South Side: 436 LOCATION
  4. 4. North Side: 434 East Side: 427 West Side: Montgomery Rd. South Side: 436 LOCATION
  5. 5. North Side: 434 East Side: 427 West Side: Montgomery Rd. South Side: 436 LOCATION
  6. 6. HISTORY <ul><li>1880: Boston investors, create a winter resort town for northerners </li></ul><ul><li>They call it Snowville, although known by Spaniards as Altamonte </li></ul><ul><li>1900: Citrus industry is a hobby among season guest </li></ul><ul><li>1920: Altamonte Springs became an official city </li></ul><ul><li>Development booms creates many of the existing suburban </li></ul><ul><li>communities </li></ul><ul><li>1930: Great Depression: The state government stops city funding </li></ul><ul><li>1950: Altamonte Hotel burns down </li></ul><ul><li>The United States Missile Center in Merritt Island </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent residents </li></ul><ul><li>I-4 is built </li></ul><ul><li>1960: Disney construction brings thousands of workers into the area </li></ul><ul><li>Huge growth increase </li></ul><ul><li>Police, fire and council departments are created </li></ul><ul><li>1980: First City Plan created to alleviate transportation problems </li></ul><ul><li>1990: Downtown development begins for Uptown/Cranes Roost </li></ul>
  7. 7. EXISITING CONDITIONS North Bound 436 Community Store in East Town Town Typical Strip Mall - 436 Uptown Open Space & Apartments
  8. 8. EXISTING DOCS <ul><li>CITY PLAN 2020 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals – Objectives – Policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data – Inventory – Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>METROPLAN ORLANDO </li></ul><ul><li>LYNX </li></ul><ul><li>CENTRAL FLORIDA COMMUTER RAIL </li></ul>
  9. 9. TRANSIT
  10. 10. MACRO - micro INTEGRATION WITH TEXT Lynch’s Five Performance Dimensions <ul><li>Vitality: Uptown Altamonte </li></ul><ul><li>provides housing and shopping within close proximity of one another </li></ul><ul><li>Sense: Four distinct, identifiable areas </li></ul><ul><li>Uptown Altamonte, East Town, West Town, Gateway </li></ul><ul><li>Fit: Uptown Altamonte </li></ul><ul><li>Walkways along lake, fountain area, terminating vista </li></ul><ul><li>Access: Uptown Altamonte </li></ul><ul><li>Easily identified and multiple number of entrances </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Uptown Altamonte </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple paths from destination to destination </li></ul>
  11. 11. MACRO - micro INTEGRATION WITH TEXT Jacobs and Appleyard’s Five Physical Characteristics of Sound Urban Environment <ul><li>All present in Uptown Altamonte: </li></ul><ul><li>Livable Streets & Neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum density of residential development and intensity of land use </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated activities – living, working, shopping – in close proximity </li></ul><ul><li>An environment that defines public space through the location of buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Separate, distinct buildings </li></ul>
  12. 12. MACRO - micro INTEGRATION WITH CONTEMPORARY ISSUES TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>High density development centered around transit station </li></ul><ul><li>Components of design include: </li></ul><ul><li>walkable design, train/bus station as prominent center point, mixture </li></ul><ul><li>of uses, high density development within 10 minute walk of station </li></ul>
  13. 13. MACRO - micro INTEGRATION WITH CONTEMPORARY ISSUES Multimodal Transportation District (MMTD) <ul><li>To connect Uptown Altamonte, commuter rail station, and west side of Altamonte </li></ul><ul><li>Springs using pedestrian, vehicular, and mass transit </li></ul><ul><li>In 1999, Florida Legislature enabled local governments to establish MMTDs in comp </li></ul><ul><li>plans and land development regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Common elements of MMTDs: mixed use activity centers, connectivity of streets & </li></ul><ul><li>land uses, transit-friendly design, & accessibility to alternative transportation methods </li></ul>
  14. 14. MACRO - micro INTEGRATION WITH CONTEMPORARY ISSUES Mixed Use Development <ul><li>Allows for commercial development on one </li></ul><ul><li>level, with office or residential on higher levels </li></ul>
  15. 15. MACRO - micro INTEGRATION WITH CONTEMPORARY ISSUES Retrofitting and Redevelopment <ul><li>Baldwin Park </li></ul><ul><ul><li>defunct naval base converted to traditional neighborhood development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Similar efforts can be made around Uptown Altamonte </li></ul><ul><li>Parking lots at Altamonte Mall could be converted to garages; </li></ul><ul><li>portion redeveloped as mixed use </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion of other commercial properties along 436 to mixed use </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of MMTD along 436 and Central Parkway to connect west side </li></ul><ul><li>with east side and Uptown Altamonte with commuter rail station area </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Activity Centers around Uptown Altamonte & commuter rail station </li></ul>
  16. 16. AFFORDABLE HOUSING <ul><li>Early 1900’s – Lack of housing and condition of housing </li></ul><ul><li>were the critical problems </li></ul><ul><li>By late 1970’s, problem became more about cost of </li></ul><ul><li>housing, which had outpaced household incomes </li></ul><ul><li>Housing prices are rising because (today): </li></ul><ul><li>construction costs </li></ul><ul><li>land costs </li></ul><ul><li>regulatory controls </li></ul><ul><li>rapid job growth </li></ul><ul><li>resistance to high-density development </li></ul><ul><li>exclusionary zoning practices </li></ul><ul><li>loss of existing affordable housing </li></ul><ul><li>demographic shifts </li></ul><ul><li>changing consumer preferences </li></ul><ul><li>macro-economics (interest rates, dollar value) </li></ul>
  17. 17. AFFORDABLE HOUSING What happened (for affordable housing need) Up until the 1960s, housing programs were primarily implemented through federal agencies and PHAs 1960’s – P sector entry into the affordable housing arena Federal programs financed thousands of rental units throughout U.S. into the mid-’80s 1960 – 1983: Creation of state housing finance agencies Mid-1980’s – Beginning shift of affordable housing programs to the states
  18. 18. AFFORDABLE HOUSING <ul><li>The steps taken (for the need) </li></ul><ul><li>Rental Housing </li></ul><ul><li>State-administered programs target higher income levels than older </li></ul><ul><li>federal programs </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, lower subsidies per unit are needed, allowing creation of many </li></ul><ul><li>more units over 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Federal agencies have received less funding to continue serving extremely </li></ul><ul><li>low income families </li></ul><ul><li>Now there’s a push to get states to meet that need </li></ul><ul><li>Homeownership </li></ul><ul><li>Middle & upper income homeowners supported through federal tax </li></ul><ul><li>preferences, mortgage insurance & development of the secondary market </li></ul><ul><li>Low income households supported through low interest mortgages & down payment assistance, implemented at state & local levels – with credit </li></ul><ul><li>counseling & homebuyer education </li></ul>
  19. 19. AFFORDABLE HOUSING Impacts on Florida Households – more limited home buying opportunities & fewer rental units available, leading to higher home prices & rents; families accepting longer commute in exchange for lower housing costs – but more household income spent on transportation Businesses – as workers move further away to find affordable housing, can affect worker recruitment, retention, productivity Communities – increased transportation costs; potential problems attracting new employers without the economic spectrum of workers needed; aging housing units may contribute to dilapidating neighborhoods
  20. 20. AFFORDABLE HOUSING <ul><li>For success, affordable homes must be: </li></ul><ul><li>A convenient location </li></ul><ul><li>A family investment </li></ul><ul><li>A setting that offers a positive social and business network </li></ul><ul><li>An opportunity for improved public education </li></ul><ul><li>An incubator of good citizenship </li></ul>
  21. 21. AFFORDABLE HOUSING <ul><li>Application – Altamonte Springs </li></ul><ul><li>Winwood Park, a neighborhood within East Town, needs </li></ul><ul><li>affordable housing </li></ul><ul><li>A historic area of concentrated poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Area will be redeveloped with 30%, mixed in affordable housing units, and 70% market value units </li></ul><ul><li>Transit area is ideal for people without automobile access </li></ul><ul><li>Uptown, Altamonte Spring's downtown area, can integrate </li></ul><ul><li>affordable housing for apartments and home ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize pre-existing buildings, such as top floor of commercial </li></ul>
  22. 22. AFFORDABLE HOUSING <ul><li>FACT SHEET </li></ul><ul><li>7% below poverty line (National 12%) </li></ul><ul><li>Average House Value: $112,200 </li></ul><ul><li>Average Household Income: $41,578 </li></ul><ul><li>City Population Total Population: 41,200 Male Population: 19,813 Female Population: 21,387 Average Resident Age: 33.8 Percent Foreign Born: 12.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Races </li></ul><ul><li>White Non-Hispanic (69.5%) </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanic (15.9%) </li></ul><ul><li>Black (9.7%) </li></ul><ul><li>Other race (4.8%) </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more races (2.9%) </li></ul>
  23. 23. AFFORDABLE HOUSING <ul><li>INTEGRATION WITH TEXT </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Housing Types as a Key to Neighborhood Design -pg 104 </li></ul><ul><li>Roots of Concentrated Poverty- pg 64 </li></ul><ul><li>Deed Restrictions and Redlining -pg 65 </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable Housing -pg 67 </li></ul><ul><li>The Historic District Revival -pg 139 </li></ul>
  24. 24. LAND USE
  25. 25. EAST TOWN
  26. 26. EAST TOWN
  27. 27. EAST TOWN – Renderings
  28. 28. EAST TOWN – Renderings
  29. 29. EAST TOWN – Renderings
  30. 30. COMP PLANS What is meant by a “Comprehensive Plan” ? <ul><li>Existing conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Future Land Use Map </li></ul><ul><li>Blueprint for Land Use & Development </li></ul><ul><li>Zoning Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Subdivision Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Revision Every 5 to 10 Years </li></ul><ul><li>Intent Behind Comprehensive Land-Use Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Segregation </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul>
  31. 31. COMP PLANS Is the proposed site feasible? <ul><ul><li>Beneficial Design Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1). Aerial View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Earth ™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County Appraiser’s web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X-Ray </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figure-Ground Diagram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overlay Existing Conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical and Morphological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination (w/ Zoning) Determines Site Selection </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. COMP PLANS Is the proposed site feasible? <ul><ul><li>Beneficial Design Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2). Conservation Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Light Green indicates Wetlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Dark Green indicates Uplands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Buffers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRIORITIZE SUSTAINABILITY Selection </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. COMP PLANS <ul><ul><li>ZONING CODES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Height / Roof Setbacks Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor-Area Ratio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitation of Usage Designation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aspect History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning Map (including Legends) </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. COMP PLANS <ul><ul><li>Beneficial Design Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3). The COMMUNITY MASTER PLAN </li></ul></ul>