San Mateo, La Rioja September (around the 21st, the Day of San Mateo). Logrono, La Rioja. Harvesting festivities of one of the most renown wine regions in Spain. The Rioja is the center of a very important wine culture.
La Tomatina August. Bu ñ ol. Valencia. Every year around 30,00 people descend on the Spanish town of Bu ñ ol (in the Valencia region of Spain) to throw more than 240,000 pounds of tomatoes at each other as part of the La Tomatina festival.
Las Fallas March. Valencia. This Fiesta dates from the Middle Ages, but it did not acquire the personality we know today until the middle of the last century. The festivites include a nighttime parade; a procession of the old towns of Valencia; the offerings of flowers to Nuestra Senora de los Desamparados (Our Lady of the Forsaken), patroness of the city; and the famous "Nit del Foc" (Night of the Fire), on which all the "fallas" (grotesque and humorous scenes made up of carboard figures) are burned.
Los San Fermines
Celebrated in the the city of Pamplona. From 12:00, 6 July til 14 th July.
The opening of the fiesta is marked by setting off the pyrotechnic chupinazo.
The closure is marked with the singing of the Pobre de Mí .
Encierro or running with the bulls most famous.
Saint Fermin statue paraded around the town accompanied by dancers and street entertainers, such as the Gigantes (giant-sized figures who represent the King and Queen of Europe, Asia, Africa, and America) and the Cabezudos (the Bigheads).
The most internationally renowned fiesta in Spain.
Over 1,000,000 people come to watch this festival.
(From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Ferm%C3%ADn).
Hogueras de San Juan June 20 to June 29. Alicante, Valencia. A series of ancient rituals which were followed on this, the shortest night of the year, when light triumphs over darkness, have been studied in minute detail in the work of Baroja. In these rituals, the essential features are the sun, fire and water. Around the feast of San Juan the streets are often decorated with branches and leaves, especially the balconies of young girls in love, who are serenaded; pines and poplars are planted; pilgrimages ('romerias') are undertaken; straw effiges are burnt; the herb thyme is blessed; and 'sanjuanera' songs are sung.
Feria de Abril/April Fair
It happens in April in Seville, Andalucia.
Morning, evening and night - the height being at midday during the long cavalcade of riders, and late at night when the spirit takes over the thousand throats of the "cantaores" (flamenco singers) and the legs and arms of the "bailaoras" (dancers) with their four sevillanas. From http://www.spain-info.com/Culture/festivals.htm .
Spanish Historic Timeline
1100 BC. Phoenician traders establish colony at Cádiz in southern Iberia.
228 BC. Carthaginians occupy southern and eastern Iberia.
218-220 BC . Romans defeat Carthage in Second Punic War and occupy Iberian peninsula.
74. Inhabitants of Iberia are granted full Roman citizenship.
409. Visigoths occupy Iberian peninsula.
711 . Combined Arab and Berber force from northern Africa cross Strait of Gibraltar to occupy Iberian peninsula.
1492. King Fernando and Queen Isabel's army capture Granada after a long siege, the final defeat of the Moors in Spain. Jews are forced to convert to Christianity; those who refuse are expelled from Spain. Christopher Columbus sets sail on his voyage of discovery
1702-14. War of Spanish Succession. Bourbon dynasty accedes to Spanish throne. 1808-14. Peninsular War. Spaniards rise against Napoleon's occupying force. Combination of guerilla tactics and support from Wellington's army end in French defeat.