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Mohsin ali 3r a
 

Mohsin ali 3r a

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slavery

slavery

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    Mohsin ali 3r a Mohsin ali 3r a Presentation Transcript

    • The Slave Trade US History McIntyre
    • The Atlantic Slave Trade When?
      • 1450 - Spanish & Portuguese start slaving in Africa
      • 1865 - still smuggling slaves until the end of the civil war (technically illegal in 1808)
    • The Atlantic Slave Trade Why? (3 reasons combined)
      • Labor shortage (not enough workers)
      • Ethnocentrism –(feelings of superiority)
      • Greed
    • The Atlantic Slave Trade
      • Where to?
      5% 60% 35% 65% 30% 5% Where from?
    • Phases of the Slave Trade
      • Capture:
      • Tribes often did not have a choice in helping capture neighbors “divide and conquer”
      • Most captured 50-100 miles inland
    • Phases of the Slave Trade
      • West African expectations about slavery:
      • A slave’s child would not be a slave
      • Slaves were not slaves for life
    • Phases of the Slave Trade
      • 2. The Middle Passage
      • Journey over the Atlantic Ocean
      • 400-500 people in a boat with little air & much disease
    • Phases of the Slave Trade
      • 2. The Middle Passage - Tight Pack
        • Higher mortality, higher profits
    • Phases of the Slave Trade
      • 3. “Seasoning” -
        • Brutal work camps, 4-5 months in Caribbean
        • Meant to train people to be slaves
    • Thinking Question:
      • (Don’t write down – just think!)
      • Given how many people died during the “Capture phase” or on the “Middle passage,” what do you think went on in the minds of the slave catchers and slave traders?
    • Growth of Slavery
      • Why Africans?
      • Americas are desperate for labor
      • Harder for Africans to run away than Native Americans
      • African strengths - agricultural practices, resistance to diseases
    • Growth of Slavery
      • How did African slaves fight back?
      • Open revolt (rare)
      • Work slowdowns
      • Breaking Tools
      • Poisoning food
      • (Don’t write down – just think!)
      • While many slaves resisted, not all of them did. What did they have to lose?
    • Growth of Slavery
      • How much did it grow?
      • 1800 - 1 million in slavery
      • 1860 - 4 million (1/3 of Southern population)
    • Growth of Slavery
      • Why?
      • Invented 1793 - made slavery VERY productive
      • 100x faster than by hand
      • More efficient = more $ (so need more slaves)
      Cotton Gin