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Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
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Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph

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  • 1. Locating Main Idea in a Paragraph
  • 2. Reading is the key to the door of knowledge and information. By reading a reader can find a lot of information that he/she does not know before. However, reading has several techniques that a reader should know and apply in order to be able to grasp information easily. One of the many techniques of reading is to locate the main ideas of the passage.
  • 3. Finding the Main Idea 1. Read the title. Some paragraphs or passages will have a heading or title that describes the main idea of the passage. If a title is "Popular Garden Flowers" then the following paragraph will likely describe what kinds of flowers are common in gardens.
  • 4. Finding the Main Idea 2. Read the first sentence of the paragraph. Many paragraphs begin with a topic sentence that outlines the main idea or point of the entire passage. The sentences that follow the topic sentence provide supporting details. For instance, read the following passage.
  • 5. Finding the Main Idea • "Roses are a popular type of flower in gardens. Roses are easy to grow and beautiful to look at. Roses give off a pleasant aroma once they are in bloom. Even though roses have thorns, they remain a common choice for gardeners." The first sentence lets us know that all subsequent sentences will be discussing the popularity of roses.
  • 6. Finding the Main Idea 3. Read the passage from beginning to end. If the main idea is not stated in the first sentence, it may be stated in the last sentence. In the following passage, the main idea is in the final sentence. "Daisies, lillies, and roses are good flowers for gardeners. They are easy to grow and look beautiful.
  • 7. Finding the Main Idea Carnations are also a popular choice because they come in many colors. In warm climates hibiscus flowers are popular, but in cold climates grasses and hearty bushes are the plants of choice. There are many popular flower choices available to gardeners." The last sentence summarizes the list that precedes it.
  • 8. Finding the Main Idea 4. Read the full passage. If the first and last sentences do not identify the main idea, use a highlighter while rereading the paragraph. Highlight words or ideas that repeat themselves. Highlight phrases that begin with marker phrases like, "The most important aspect is..." or, "It's most interesting that..." Ideas that are repeated are likely evidence of the author's main idea.
  • 9. Finding the Main Idea The following passage repeats a concept throughout that leads to the main idea. "Water, soil, sun exposure, and climate are all factors that contribute to flower growth. Choosing the right flowers for your garden should depend on these factors. There are many varieties of flowers available to gardeners.
  • 10. Finding the Main Idea Exotic flowers require more care than popular flowers. Common flowers are usually easy to care for but still visually interesting." The repetition of the words "flower", "care", and "common/popular" suggest that the passage is about common flower varieties and the reasons they are popular
  • 11. Finding the Main Idea 5. After reading the passage, place it face down in front of you. Use a clean sheet of paper and rewrite what you remember from the passage. It is likely that the key ideas you remember are the author's main points. After you make your list, reread the paragraph. If there are any major points that are not on your list, you likely have not identified the main idea.
  • 12. Types of Main Idea 1. Stated- the main idea is directly stated in the paragraph.
  • 13. Types of Main Idea Ex. Australian is currently undergoing a period of significant economic, educational and training reform. The catalyst for the reform has been falling inflation, increased unemployment and changing world trading patterns in the period since 1981. In response, the Australian government has focused attention on the fragility of the economy and the need to act urgently to reform, if it is to remain competitive on the world market. Under the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), there is growing acceptance that vocational education and training are an important component of economic recovery.
  • 14. Types of Main Idea 2. Implied – the main idea is not directly stated in the paragraph.
  • 15. Types of Main Idea Ex. How do migrating animals find their destination? They navigate in a variety of ways. Fish use their sense of smell to recognize their migration paths and are guided by changing water temperatures. Birds use the position of the sun to orient themselves. Some birds have magnetic particles in their ear mechanisms that act as a compass. Mammals rely on their memory. Some elephant trails have been used for hundreds of years.
  • 16. Types of Main Idea Implied main idea: Migrating animals navigate in a variety of ways.
  • 17. Positions of Topic Sentence in a Paragraph The topic sentence of a paragraph may be in the first or last sentence. The topic sentence may also be the first and last sentence of the paragraph—“sandwichstyle.” The second topic sentence in the “sandwich-style” paragraph also serves as a concluding sentence.
  • 18. Positions of Topic Sentence in a Paragraph 1. Topic sentence at the beginning of the paragraph Hurricanes Hurricanes, which are also called cyclones, exert tremendous power. These violent storms are often a hundred miles in diameter, and their winds can reach velocities” of seventy-five miles per hour or more. Furthermore, the strong winds and heavy rainfall that accompany them can completely destroy a small town in a couple of hours. The energy that is released by a hurricane in one day exceeds the total energy consumed by humankind throughout the world in one year.
  • 19. Positions of Topic Sentence in a Paragraph 2. Topic sentence at the end of a paragraph Ex. Albert Einstein, one of the world’s geniuses, failed his university entrance examination on his attempt. William Faulkner, one of America’s noted writers, never finished college because he could not pass hid English courses. Sir Winston Churchill, who is considered one of the masters of the English language, had to have special tutoring in English during elementary school. These examples show that failure in school does not always predict failure in life.
  • 20. Positions of Topic Sentence in a Paragraph 3. Topic sentence at beginning and ending of the paragraph (“sandwich-style”) Synonyms, words that have the same basic meaning, do not always have the same emotional meaning. For example, the words ‘stingy” and “frugal” both mean “careful with money.” However, to call a person stingy is an insult, while the word frugal has a much more positive connotation. Similarly, a person wants to be slender but not skinny, and aggressive not pushy. Therefore, you should be careful in choosing words because many so-called synonyms are not really synonymous at all.

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