Risk Assessment TrainingA step by stepapproachSelect Risk Management 2009
Reasons for todays training Moral reasons We want to give people the best chance to go home at the end of the day alive and healthy. Legal reasons Section 2 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 An employer must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable the Health, Safety and Welfare of all employees and other people who may be affected by the work we undertake
More reasons for today Training Training our staff is a requirement of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. Regulation 3 of the management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 states; every employer shall make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to the health and safety of his employees to which they are exposed whilst they are at work.
What do we mean by Hazard and Risks? HAZARDS RISKS Driving to clients premises Vehicle accident, Broken bones, Danger of death Lone Working Stress, Increased risk of accident or ill health. Working with Electrical equipment. Electrocution, Death Potential for conflict. Increased risk of conflict situations
Risk AssessmentsWhat are the hazards? •What are the risks arising from these hazards? •What is the likelihood of the risk coming to fruition. HAZARD X RISK X LIKELIHOOD = RISK RATING HIGH •Cylinders behind a building used to undertake welding and burning •How do we reduce the risk? •Store empty cylinders in an external metal cage open to the atmosphere. RISK RATING LOW
What the lawsays we mustdo NOW!Getting it RIGHT
Information and Training Manual Handling Use of display screen equipment Noise, HAV, COSHH, Stress, Conflict, Violence at work Dynamic risk assessment !
What is Manual Handling? Any transporting or supporting of a load by hand or bodily force This includes: Lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving
The law and Manual HandlingThe Manual Handling Operations Regulations1992:These regulations are based on an ergonomicapproach to preventing manual handlinginjuries. This involves fitting the job to theworker, taking into account anatomy,physiology and psychology.
Avoid manual handling?Eliminate: By design- Reduce heavy structural materials, layout of workplace to minimise manual handling operations Automation/mechanisation:- Cranes, hoists, forklift trucks, sack trolleys etc Management- Delivery of heavy articles to point of use, storing heaviest materials at waist level
WRULD work related upper limb disorderAffects shoulders, arms and wristsMain Causes: Excessive force Excessive repetition Lack of recovery time or rest Poor static posture Stress Individual susceptibility
The spinal column composed of 33 vertebraeEach vertebrae is separated by a gel like substance, thedisc. These discs bend and stretch as we move, eachmoves 1.25 cm and you are 20mm shorter at the end ofthe day than you were at the start!
Forces on the back1kg Weight close to the body exerts 10kg force ontomuscles of the back (1:10)1kg Weight held at arms length exerts 100kg forceonto the muscles of the back (1:100)
Manual Handling Principles Stay balanced Keeping your centre of gravity close to the load’s centre of gravity Bending from the knees Keeping the back straight, and head up Staying compact when pushing Moving the feet to turn, not the body Moving smoothly, particularly when setting loads down
IMPORTANT• Knowledge and training alone will not guarantee safe handling• A risk assessment needs to be undertaken• Avoid if possible• Know your own limits• Put training into action at work as well as home