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  • 1. ZENOM-M Presents ……..Presents ……..Presents ……..Presents …….. TWENTY FOUR MEMORABLE LANDMARKS OF ASIA
  • 2. 1. TAJ MAHAL, AGRA, INDIA Inarguably India's most recognisable monument to the world, the Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983. Regarded as the finest example of Mughal architecture, the Taj Mahal is essentially an integrated complex of structures that took 21 years and thousands of artisans and craftsmen to complete. The Taj Mahal also appears on the new listing of the New Seven Wonders of the World. The grace of perfection of proportions and grandeur of geometrical patterns of well appointed gardens enhancing the poise of the whole complex together add magnificence to the delicacy of this mance of love, dedication and purity, ‘The Taj’! The Taj displays its different moods through its varied shades. The Taj has as many shades as any kind of beauty can ever have! The Taj is pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening, golden when the moon shines and the intermediary variants during different hours of the day and during different seasons in a year. 2. SHWEDAGON PAGODA, YANGON, MYANMAR Yangon, formerly known as Rangoon, was the capital of Myanmar, is known for its colonial architecture, which although decaying, remains an almost unique example of a 19th-century British colonial capital. Friendly street vendors, traditionally dressed local people, attracting old Chevrolet buses and trishaws, all make a feel like a museum of Yangon downtown life. Shwedagon, the heart of Yangon, is the most profoundly honoured pagoda in the country and interesting history behind. According to the legend, the Shwedagon Pagoda was constructed during the time of the Buddha which is more than 2,500 years ago and where the holy hair relics of the Buddha were enshrined. Towering to a height of 326 feet (100 meters) above the city, Shwedagon Pagoda is the famous landmark noticeable from miles around. It is one of the wonders of the world and the most revered pagoda in Southeast Asia. 3.
  • 3. HALONG BAY, VIETNAM Ha Long Bay is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and a popular travel destination, located in Quang Ninh province, Vietnam. Administratively, the bay belongs to H Long City, and part of Van Don district. The bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes. Ha Long Bay is a center of a larger zone which includes Bái T Long bay to the northeast, and Cát Bà islands to the southwest. These larger zones share similar geological, geographical, geomorphological, climate, and cultural characters. Ha Long Bay has an area of around 1,553 km2 , including 1,960–2,000 islets, most of which are limestone. The core of the bay has an area of 334 km2 with a high density of 775 islets. The limestone in this bay has gone through 500 million years of formation in different conditions and environments. 4. GREAT WALL AT MUTIANYU, BEIJING The Chinese call the wall "Wan-Li Qang-Qeng", which means "10,000-Li Long Wall" (5,000 km). The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest from Beijing. It is constructed of masonry, rocks, and packed-earth. It is over 6,000 kilometers long., and its thickness ranges from about 4.5 to 9 meters (15 to 30 feet) and is up to 7.5 meters (25 feet) tall. For over two thousand years the Great Wall separated two cultures, the nomads in the north and the agricultural way of life in the south. The nomads did not know how to cast iron and steel while the people in the south would buy livestock from the nomads. In fact, however, there were constant military conflicts because trade between both sides of the wall was forbidden. A visit to the Great Wall is a review of history of over two thousand years. 5.
  • 4. TEMPLE OF DAWN (WAT ARUN), BANGKOK, THAILAND Considered to be the most famous and photographed temple in Bangkok, which features a soaring 70-meter-high spire decorated with tiny pieces of coloured glass and Chinese porcelain, Wat Arun, named after Aruna, the Indian God of Dawn and is one of the most well-known landmarks in Bangkok. The temple itself gets its name because of the radiance with which the first light of the morning reflects off the surface of the temple. The central prang symbolizes Mount Meru of the Hindu cosmology.[8] The satellite prang are devoted to the wind god, Phra Phai. The demons (yaksha) at the entranceway to the ubosot are from the Ramakien. The white figure is named Sahassa Deja and the green one is known as Thotsakan, the Demon Rāvana from Ramayana. Wat Arun features at number 11 of the top landmarks in Asia. Wat Arun can be easily accessed through the Chao Phraya River, and ferries travel across the river towards the Maharaj pier. For the foreigners, the temple charges an entrance fee of 50 baht (as of March 2013). Wat Arun figures in one of Thailand's most colorful festivals, the Royal Kathin and the king travels down in the Thai royal barge procession to present new robes to the monks after their three-month lent period. 6. ANGKOR WAT, CAMBODIA It may come as a surprise that the largest Hindu temple complex in the world does not exist in India but rather in Cambodia. Angkor Wat continues to remain a prominent religious centre and one that has become synonymous with Cambodia by also appearing on its national flag. Constructed by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century, Angkor Wat is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and hold a position of great importance in Khmer architecture. The Angkor Archaeological Park of which Angkor Wat and the Bayon Temple are a part was named as one of UNESCO's World Heritage site in 1992. Earlier this month Cambodia joined hands with Australia to better preserve the complex by launching the Angkor Sunset Finder that offers alternatives to the usual spots from where you can view stunning sunsets. 7.
  • 5. PUNAKHA MONASTERY, BHUTAN The Punakha Dzong, also known as Pungtang Dechen Photrang Dzong is the administrative centre of Punakha dzongkhag in Punakha, Bhutan. Constructed by Zhabdrung (Shabdrung) Ngawang Namgyalin 1637–38, it is the second oldest and second largest dzong in Bhutan and one of its most majestic structures. The Dzong houses the sacred relics of the southern Drukpa Kagyu school including the Rangjung Kasarpani, and the sacred remains of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal and Terton Padma Lingpa. Punakha Dzong was the administrative centre and the seat of theGovernment of Bhutan until 1955, when the capital was moved to Thimphu. On 17 December, 1907, the first king of Bhutan, Ugyen Wangchuck, was crowned here. The Machen Lhakhang, a temple inside the Dzong enshrines the mummified body of the Zhabdrung who passed away in retreat here in 1651. Dzongchung (or the little Dzong), built in 1328 by saint Ngagi Rinchen can still be seen opposite the main Dzong. The spectacular Kuenrey (assembly hall) in Punakha Dzong is open to the tourists. 8. MONAS, JAKARTA (INDONESIA) National Monument or Monas better known as a landmark of Jakarta. Located right in downtown Jakarta, Monas is always successful in drawing tourists who come to Jakarta to visit it. Monument is a monument that has a 132 meters high with a crown of flames made of gold. If you go in, visitors can see dioramas that tell the history of Indonesia. You also can enjoy a wagon ride monument is all around Monas. This place is always crowded by citizens of the capital on a holiday. Quite often what makes this place as a location to run Sunday morning. The towering monument encapsulates the philosophy of Lingga and Yoni. Lingga resembles an alu rice pestle and Yoni resembles a lesung rice mortar, two important traditional Indonesian tools. 9.
  • 6. GALLE DUTCH FORT, SRI LANKA The UNESCO accredited cultural site of The Fort is one of the most surreal experiences one can encounter. The Fort takes visitors back to the timeless era of the early colonial days. The city of Galle plays an important role in Sri Lankan history, specially when considering about the international relationships during the historical times. This city was marked in the "Ptolemy's" world map done on 125-150 AD. Although the Galle fort is famous as a Dutch fort, the construction of the fort was started by Portuguese. Actually Galle was considered as the place where Portuguese first arrived to Sri Lanka in 1505. This place became a prison for the local Sinhalese community who were against the cruel Portuguese rulers. Later years Portuguese moved their main administration center to the Colombo. 10. PUERTO PRINCESA- UNDERGROUND RIVER (PHILIPPINES) The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is located about 50 kilometres (30 mi) north of the city centre of Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines. The river is called Puerto Princesa Underground River or St. Paul Underground River. The national park is located in the Saint Paul Mountain Range on the northern coast of the island. The entrance to the subterranean river is a short hike from the town Sabang. Puerto Princesa is a nature lover’s paradiseGuided paddle boat tours show intriguing rock formations and fluttering bats. In 2010, a group of environmentalists and geologists discovered that the underground river has a second floor, which means that there are small waterfalls inside the cave. They also found a cave dome measuring 300 m (980 ft) above the underground river, rock formations, large bats, a deep water hole in the river, more river channels, another deep cave, as well as marine creatures and more. Deeper areas of the underground river are almost impossible to explore due to oxygen deprivation
  • 7. 11. CHITTAGONG - GATEWAY TO THE BAY OF BENGAL With a picturesque hinterland of large hill forests and lakes. Chittagong is a good vacation spot. It is the second largest city of Bangladesh and a busy of Bangladesh and a busy international sea port. Its green hills and forests, broad sandy beaches and fine cool climate always attract holiday makers. It combines the hump of a restless seaport with the pleasure of a charming hill town with its undulating topography. Chittagong is the country's chief port and is the main site for the establishment of heavy, medium and light industries. Bangladesh's only steel mill and oil refinery are also located here. 12. MOUNT FUJI - JAPAN Mount Fuji is about 60 miles southwest of Tokyo and is Japan's highest peak located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m. An active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08. Fuji is one of the most recognizable symbols of Japan, after the rising sun depicted on the country's flag. The mountain has been a site of pilgrimage for thousands of years, and the peak is accessible year- round, although most tourists climb it during the summer months of July and August. Many people climb the mountain to watch the sunrise. Early morning is also one of the best times to ascend to the top, as the peak is frequently enshrouded in clouds during the rest of the day. The mountain has been selected as a “cultural” rather than a “natural” heritage site. As per UNESCO, Mount Fuji has “inspired artists and poets and been the object of pilgrimage for centuries”. The 25 locations include the mountain itself, Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha and six other Sengen shrines, two lodging houses, Lake Yamanaka, Lake Kawaguchi, the eight Oshino Hakkaihot springs, two lava tree molds, the remains of the Fuji-kō cult in the Hitoana cave, Shiraito Falls, and Miho no Matsubara pine tree grove.
  • 8. 13. PETRONAS TWIN TOWERS-MALAYSIA The Petronas Towers, also known as the Petronas Twin Towers are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. According to the CTBUH's official definition and ranking, they were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004 until surpassed by Taipei 101, but they remain the tallest twin building in the world. The buildings are the landmark of Kuala Lumpur with nearby Kuala Lumpur Tower. The Petronas Towers were the tallest buildings in the world for six years, until Taipei 101 was completed in 2004. The height of the towers is measured to the top of their structural components such as spires, but do not include antennas. Spires are considered actual integral parts of the architectural design of buildings, to which changes would substantially change the appearance and design of the building, whereas antennas may be added or removed without such consequences. The towers feature a double decker skybridge connecting the two towers on the 41st and 42nd floors, which is the highest 2-story bridge in the world. 14. AZADI TOWER – IRAN The Azadi Tower is the symbol of Tehran, Iran, and marks the entrance to the city. Built in 1971 in commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, this "Gateway into Iran" was named the Shahyad Tower but dubbed Azadi after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. It is the symbol of the country's revival, and intended to remind coming generations of the achievements of modern Iran under the Pahlavi Dynasty. It is 50 metres (148 feet) tall and is completely clad in cut marble. The architect, Hossein Amanat, won a competition to design the monument. Amanat also integrated a degree of Baha'i symbology in the design, such as having exactly nine stripes on each side, and exactly nine windows either of the long sides of the building. It is part of the Azadi cultural complex, located in Tehran's Azadi square in an area of some 50,000 m². There is a museum and several fountains underneath the tower.
  • 9. 15. HIMALAYA RANGE - NEPAL Containing nine of the world's fourteen highest mountain peaks, Nepal is a true Himalayan kingdom. The Himalayas cover three fourths of the land in Nepal. It is home to some of the highest, remotest, most rugged and most difficult terrain in the world. The loftiest peak in the world -- Mount Everest -- and other high peaks like Lhotse, Nuptse, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and Manaslu, plus the presence of some exquisitely beautiful trekking routes, attract hundreds of thousands of people from all over the world to this lovely Himalayan destination. The Sagarmāthā National Park is a protected area in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal that is dominated by Mount Everest. It encompasses an area of 1,148 km2 (443 sq mi) in the Solukhumbu District and ranges in elevation from 2,845 m (9,334 ft) to 8,848 m (29,029 ft) at the summit of Mount Everest. 16. DOME OF THE ROCK - ISRAEL The Dome of the Rock is a shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. It was initially completed in 691 CE at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik. The domed basilica structure was patterned after the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and has been refurbished many times. The site's significance stems from religious traditions regarding the rock, known as the Foundation Stone, at its heart, which bears great significance for Jews, Christians and Muslims. It is considered “the most contested piece of real estate on earth. The Dome of the Rock is located at the visual center of a platform known as the Temple Mount. It was constructed on the site of the Second Jewish Temple, which was destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE.
  • 10. 17. CHANGDEOKGUNG PALACE-SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA Founded more than 600 years ago by the Joseon dynasty, Seoul retains many structures from the past. The Changdeokgung palace (eng.cdg.go.kr), originally built in 1405, has been through several incarnations during occupations and conflicts but still stands as an important icon in the city. As a UNESCO World Heritage site, the regal buildings and gardens are heavily visited by tourists and also serve as quarters for government officials and members of the royal family. Changdeokgung was the most favored palace of many Joseon princes and retained many elements dating from the Three Kingdoms of Korea period that were not incorporated in the more contemporary Gyeongbokgung. It, like the other Five Grand Palaces in Seoul, was heavily damaged during the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910-1945). Currently, only about 30% of the pre-Japanese structures survive. 18. KUMSUSAN MEMORIAL PALACE Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, formerly the Kumsusan Memorial Palace, is a building located near the northeast corner of the city of Pyongyang and serves as the mausoleum for Kim Il-sung, the founder and eternal president of North Korea, and for his son Kim Jong-il who succeeded him as the country's ruler. The palace was built in 1976 as the Kumsusan Assembly Hall, and served as Kim Il-sung's official residence. Following the elder Kim's death in 1994, Kim Jong-il had the building renovated and transformed into his father's mausoleum. Despite hundreds of thousands starving to death in a famine at the time, it is believed that the conversion cost at least $100 million. Inside the palace, Kim Il-sung's embalmed body lies inside a clear glass sarcophagus. It is fronted by a large square, approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft) in length. It is bordered on its northern and eastern sides by a moat. The rooms are filled with some of Kim Il-sung's possessions, as well as gifts and awards he received from around the world
  • 11. 19. MERLION PARK-SINGPAORE Merlion Park is located at One Fullerton, Singapore near the Central Business District area of Singapore. This park is a popular tourist attraction. There are two structures of the Merlion located at the park with one standing at 8.6 metres which is the original Merlion statue and a 2-metre tall Merlion cub located just behind the original statue. The park is also a major tourist attraction and a landmark of Singapore. The park was first designed as an emblem for the Singapore Tourism Board (STB) in 1964 and on 15 September 1972, the park was officially opened at an installation ceremony of the statue, officiated by then Prime Minister of Singapore, Mr Lee Kuan Yew. The original statue of the Merlion used to stand at the mouth of the Singapore River. The statue was made from November 1971 to August 1972 by the late Singapore sculptor, Mr Lim Nang Seng, it measures 8.6 metres high and weighs 70 tons.Upon the completion of Esplanade Bridge, the view of the statue was blocked from the Marina Bay Waterfront. 20. VICTORIA PEAK – HONGKONG Victoria Peak is a mountain in the western half of Hong Kong Island. It is also known as Mount Austin, and locally as The Peak. With an altitude of 552 m (1,811 ft), it is the highest mountain on the island, but Tai Mo Shan is the highest point in all of Hong Kong. One of the most famous of all the landmarks in Hong Kong, the top of Victoria Peak is connected by the regular Peak Tram, which offers a particularly scenic trip along the way. However, from the very top, the views are nothing short of spectacular. From the viewing platform, it's possible to see Kowloon and Victoria Harbour, and across the length of the central business district. If you are feeling energetic, you can make the ten-minute walk to the top of the peak, from where even better views are possible. As early as 19th century, the Peak attracted prominent European residents because of its panoramic view over the city and itstemperate climate compared to the sub-tropical climate in the rest of Hong Kong. With some seven million visitors every year, the Peak is a major tourist attraction of Hong Kong.
  • 12. 21. SULTAN OMAR ALI SAIFUDDIN MOSQUE – BRUNEI Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque is a royal Islamic mosque located in Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of the Sultanate of Brunei. The mosque considered one of the most beautiful mosques in the Asia Pacific and a major landmark and tourist attraction of Brunei. The building was completed in 1958 and is an example of modern Islamic architecture. The mosque unites Mughal architecture and Italian styles. The plans were done by Booty and Edwards Chartered Architects according to designs by the Italian architectCavaliere Rudolfo Nolli, who had already for decades been working at the gulf of Siam. The interior of the mosque is for prayer only. It has magnificent stained glass windows, arches, semi-domes and marble columns. Nearly all the material used for the building has been imported from abroad: the marble from Italy, the granite from Shanghai, the crystal chandeliers from England and the carpets from Saudi Arabia. 22. OLD CITY OF BAKU-AJERBAIJAN Old town of Baku is situated in Azerbaijan's capital, located on the shore of the Caspian Sea. It is well separated from the rest of the city with remains of old fortifications, the most important of which is Maiden Tower. Its overall appearance represents a typical oriental city, with many curved and narrow lanes, often impassable for anything other than a pedestrian .The houses are made, with flat or domed typical roofs and small windows which contrast with buildings from the 19th century, designed by the Russians in European style. Undoubtedly one of the places of great interest is the Palace of Shirvanshah that is definitely one of the miracles of the architecture. During this medieval period of Baku, such monuments as the Synyg Gala Minaret (11th century), the fortress walls and towers (11th–12th centuries), the Maiden Tower, the Multani Caravanserai and Hajji Gayyib bathhouse (15th century), the Palace of the Shirvanshahs (15th-16th centuries), the Bukhara Caravanserai and Gasimbey bathhouse (16th century) were built. In December 2000, the Old City of Baku with the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and Maiden Tower became the first location in Azerbaijan classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • 13. 23. BURJ KHALIFA, DUBAI & ABUDHABI – UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Burj Khalifa Burj Dubai prior to its inauguration, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the tallest man-made structure in the world, at 829.8 m (2,722 ft). Construction began on 21 September 2004, with the exterior of the structure completed on 1 October 2009. The building officially opened on 4 January 2010,and is part of the new 2 km2 (490-acre) development called Downtown Dubai at the 'First Interchange' along Sheikh Zayed Road, near Dubai's main business district. Abu Dhabi is the capital and the second largest city of the United Arab Emirates in terms of population and the largest of the seven member emirates of the United Arab Emirates. Abu Dhabi lies on a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western coast. The city proper had a population of 921,000 in 2013.Abu Dhabi houses offices of the federal government, and is the seat for the United Arab Emirates Government and the home for the Abu Dhabi Emiri Family and the President of the UAE from this family. 24. BEIRUT – THE PARIS OF MIDDLE EAST : LEBANON Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon. Located on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon's Mediterranean coast, it serves as the country's largest and main seaport. The first mention of this metropolis is found in the ancient Egyptian Tell el Amarna letters, dating from the 15th century BC. The city has been inhabited continuously since then. The Lebanese capital hosted the Mediterranean Games in 1959, FIBA Asia Champions Cup in 1999, 2000, 2012, the AFC Asian Cup in 2000, and the FIBA Asia Cup in 2010.
  • 14. FOR 24 HOURS CONTROL OF ALLERGY & ASTHMA PresentingPresentingPresentingPresenting ZENOM-M TABLETS In the Management of Chronic & Exercise Induced Asthma -------------------------------------------------- • Consistent bronchodilatation and round the clock control of Asthma symptoms • Decreases Airway Inflammation & Nocturnal Episodes Significantly • Improves Exercise Tolerance and Physical Activities • Reduces the usage of Inhaled Corticosteroids & ß2 Agonists gradually • Alleviates Nasal & Systemic Eosinophillia • Suitable to treat both allergic Rhinitis & Asthma Dosage: One Tablet daily in the evening -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ZENOM-M ensures 24 hours control of Asthma & Allergy with a single doseensures 24 hours control of Asthma & Allergy with a single doseensures 24 hours control of Asthma & Allergy with a single doseensures 24 hours control of Asthma & Allergy with a single dose References: 1. Cirillo R, Barone D, Franzone JS (1988Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther 295: 221–37. 2. Dini FL, Cogo R (2001Curr Med Res Opin 16 (4): 258–68.