Why are we driving everywhere instead of walking???
What is Walkable cityWhere residents may transport by public transit and on foot tonavigate the city to get to destinations; ? Source: Elizabeth Monterrosa Energy Law Spring 2009Walkable city create Walkablecommunity..,Walkable communities are neigbourhoods with features thatmake it easy for you to incorporate walking and other activetransportation into your daily routine. Source: healty U www.healtyalberta.com Government of Alberta
Features of walkable communies includeDestination within walking or biking distance ?Sidewalk, speed controls, well linked trails and street crossingsthat make walking safe and accessible for everyoneA mix of bussinesses and homes (mix-use neighbourhoods)Attractive, interesting places to walk Source: healty U www.healtyalberta.com Government of Alberta
Characteristic of a walkable community.., Coherence A clear, understandable and organized sidewalk, street and land-use system consistent with the scale and function of the surrounding urban context. Continuity A pattern of design and usage that unifies the pedestrian system. Equilibrium A balance among transportation modes that will accommodate and encourage pedestrian participation. Safety Pedestrian protection from automobiles and bicycles. Comfort Secure and negotiable paving materials for sidewalks and crosswalks.Source: Walk Boston, A Pedestrian Perspective on the Central Artery Project in Downtown Boston: A Report by the Pedestrian Issues Task Force (Boston, MA, 1994).
Continue.., Sociability A sense of hospitality and suitability for individual and community interactions. Accessibility The opportunity for all individuals to utilize the pedestrian environment as fully as possible. Efficiency Simplicity and cost-effectiveness in design and function. Minimum delay along a walking route. Attractiveness. Clean, efficient and well-maintained surroundings, with adjacent storefronts and activities that provide sidewalk interest.Source: Walk Boston, A Pedestrian Perspective on the Central Artery Project in Downtown Boston: A Report by the Pedestrian Issues Task Force (Boston, MA, 1994).
Walkable city benefits areMore Active and Healthier PeoplePeople- and Family-Oriented Community DevelopmentTransportation Choices ?Independent Mobility for ChildrenAccessibility for AllLower Income Mobility Source: Adapted from Campaign to Make America Walkable, A Vision of a Walkable Community (Washington, DC, 1997).A safer environtment for walking and bicyclingMore opportunities to exercise for everyone, no matter their age, income,gender and ability levelBetter access to destinations you need in day to day life Source: healty U www.healtyalberta.com Government of Alberta
Specific Strategies to Re-create the Walkable CityRedevelopment AgencyA Multifunctional DowntownPedestrian-Friendly DowntownHistorical Structures or Memorials that Mark the Unique Culture ofthe Urban AreaWaterfront DevelopmentOffice DevelopmentMass Transportation EnhancementAlternative Human Powered Transit Source: Elizabeth Monterrosa Energy Law Spring 2009
Establishing a Redevelopment Agency To Oversee The implementation of re-zoning and urban redevelopment; Enacted by a city council can create a more accountable, centralized, and efficient redevelopment process. A Multifunctional Downtown A wide variety of functions and activities shoulld occupy downtown, including housing, work, shopping, government, tourist attractions and culture.
Pedestrian-Friendly DowntownBy providing sufficiently wide sidewalks and/or pedestrian zones and markets closed off from automobiles.Additional: public art, active storefronts, attractive landscaping, decorative benches, cafes and outdoor tables, sidewalk merchandise displays and vendors and signs. Source : www.revitalizingdandenong.com Source : Elizabeth Monterrosa Energy Law Spring 2009
Historical Structures or Memorials that Mark the Unique Culture of the Urban Area Preservation of historical structures and the erection of historical memorials help establish the city’s unique identity, luring tourists and locals downtown for it’s unique assets.Source : Elizabeth Monterrosa Energy Law Spring 2009
Waterfront Development Provides a visual and physical attraction to the waterfront, generally located adjacent to urban downtowns. Source: Elizabeth Monterrosa Energy Law Spring 2009 Office DevelopmentAttracts economic development, which feeds the recreation of the walkable city as office personel and traveling business persons become patrons of downtown businesses, including hotels, restaurants, shops and stores.
Mass Transportation EnhancementOffering rapid mass transit, including subways, trams, shuttles and buses, creates a less automobile-dependent urban core, decreasing energy consumption and attracting patrons who can rely of dependable mass transit systems for transportation. Source : www.revitalizingdandenong.com Source : Elizabeth Monterrosa Energy Law Spring 2009
Alternative Human Powered TransitFoot and bicycle transportation are increasingly encouraged by creating wider sidewalks and bike lanes in urban cores. Source : Elizabeth Monterrosa Energy Law Spring 2009 Source : Citraland Makassar Gallery