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Water and Greek painters6b class2ndPrimary School of Pefka2012Teacher: Elsa Lymberi
Water is not only a source of life, but a source of inspiration formany Greek artists, particularly painters. Besides, our country is aMediterranean country, where water has played an important rolein shaping civilizations.• Major Greek painters who were inspired by waterand especially by the Aegean Sea are: Lytras,Altamouras, Volanakis, Tetsis, Grammatopoulos,Moschakis.
• He continued his studies in Copenhagen.• In 1875, and while he was still in Copenhagen, he sent to the artistic competitionof Olympion in Athens his painting “The port of Copenhagen” and he won thesecond award.From an early age, he exhibited his artistic skills in painting. He wasaccepted to the Athens School of Fine Arts where he studied paintingalong with Nikiphoros Lytras during the years 1871–1872.
His workHis seascape-paintings areconsidered equal to theworks of another greatGreek painter of seascapesof the 19thcentury,Konstantinos Volanakis.In 1878, the year of hisdeath, two of his works ,“The destruction of theOttoman flagship byPapanikolis in Eressos” and“The naval battle of CaptainMiaoulis against twoOttoman flagships at theentrance of Patra”, werepresented at theInternational exhibition ofParis.
Nikiphoros Lytras• He was one of the greatest Greek painters andteachers of painting in the 19th century. He isconsidered one of the most importantrepresentatives of the School of Arts of Munichand a pioneer in shaping the teaching of Fine Artsin Greece. His hugely important art covers the firstthree quarters of the century of Greek revival.
His paintings• In his rich and endless work, from his first drawings until hislast painting, one can see a constant evolution.• He also focused in “History painting” with subjects inspired byGreek Mythology and Greek History.
Awards• In 1903 he was decorated with the Golden Cross ofSavour. In 1909 —after his death— some of hispaintings were presented in Piloty’s School (1885-1886) in Munich.• In 1933 an exhibition with Lytra’s 186 paintingswas presented in Athens School of Fine Arts. TheHellenic Post honoured him by issuing a postagestamp.
Konstantinos VolanakisHe was from Volani, a small village in the area ofRethymnon, Crete.
His studies• He studied at theGymnasium ofSyros. He graduatedin 1856.• He continued hisstudies at theMunich Academy.He worked inMunich, Vienna andTrieste.• In 1833 he movedback to Greece.From that year until1903 he taught atthe School of FineArts.
The sea, ships and ports were the constant source of inpiration for Volanakis.Along with Theodore Vryzakis, Nikiforos Lytras, Nikolaos Gizis and GeorgeIacovidis, he is considered one of the leading representatives of academicrealism, the so-called "Munich School". However, many of his bright works -such as “The famous Feast of Munich” - show some impressionistic trends.
The life of KostasThe life of KostasGrammatopoulosGrammatopoulosKostas Grammatopoulos was a Greekpainter and engraver ( 1916 -2003).He studied at the School of Fine Arts underYannis Kefallinos.Later he was elected Professor of engravingat the same school.Although he is not widely known, he is theone who created many posters for thewar of 1940. He also illustrated the GreekAlphabet book of 1955 and the emblemof Hellenic Republic after 1974.
Panayiotis TetsisThe artistic process of the renowned painter• In 1940 he took his first painting lessons from the Germanpainter and engraver K. Frislanter, but his meeting with D.Pikioni and N. Hadjikyriakos-Ghikas, whom he considers as hisreal teachers, played a crucial role to his route.• He studied at the School of Fine Arts under K.Partheni andcontinued his studies as a free student at Ecole des Beaux-Arts of Paris(1953-1956) , where he studied engraving taughtby E. J. Goerg.
In 1960 a three months’ honorary fellowship of the Italiangovernment gave him the opportunity to study art in theItalian museums, and in 1972 a grant from the FordFoundation enabled him to devote himself to painting.
Pavlos MoschakisBiographyPavlos Moschakis was born in Istanbul in1915. In 1964 he had to live his city andmigrate to Greece. Since then he has beenliving in Athens.
He is a genuine self-taught artist who, in hispaintings, demonstrateswith sensitivity and lovethe quite harmonic andmulticultural life inIstanbul and emphasizesthe good memories hehas about Turks andTurkey.He was honoured by the Turkish dailynewspaper “Cumhuriyet” for the valuablecontribution of his paintings to the tributefor Istanbul, with the title “The City of thetwentieth century”, with rare issues fromthe bridges of the City!He has participated in many group andsolo exhibitions since 1975. His works arein many private collections in Europe aswell as the Municipality of Istanbul.
• Pavlos Moschakis is 97 years old and he lives in a nursinghome in Athens, called “The House of People fromConstantinople”.• Unfortunately, he does not have any pension or health care.His only income are the paintings he still makes.