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  1. 1. Ka Moʻolelo no ʻUmi HWST 104
  2. 2. PAHEʻE • Spear throwing • Dart throwing • Sport of sliding a stick over a smooth surface • It is said that the darts are about 34.5 to 67 inches long, tampering at one end, with the greatest diameter from 1 to 1 ½ inches
  3. 3. TOKENS OF RECOGNITION • Lei Niho Palaoa – Lei niho palaoa were one of the most important symbols of rank in ancient Hawaiʻi – A whale tooth was strung on thousands of finely braided strands of human hair – Lit. ivory lei • Malo • War club Lei Niho Palaoa
  4. 4. KĀ HILI • Feather standard, symbolic of royalty • Kāhili marked the presence of chiefly individuals and were believed to provide spiritual protection • ʻŌlelo Noʻeau He aliʻ i ka moa The rooster is a chief The rooster sleeps on a high perch. His feathers are used in kāhili.
  5. 5. Ā NUENUE - ʻŌlelo Noʻeau • Ke ʻ ehu wāwae no ka lani The rain, the rainbow, and other signs seen when a chief is abroad are tokens of his recognition by the gods • Kau ka ʻōnohi aliʻ i i luna A rainbow – a sign that the gods are watching the chiefs – is now visible
  6. 6. ʻAWA • Native to the Pacific islands • A shrub 1.2 to 3.5 m tall with green jointed stems and heart-shaped leaves • The root is the source of a narcotic drink of the same name used in ceremonies, prepared formerly by chewing, later by pounding. The comminuted particles were mixed with water and strained. When drunk to excess, it caused drowsiness. • It was also used medicinally
  7. 7. PHASES OF THE MOON • Hawaiians measured the progression of days using a series of knowledge about the moon, sun, stars, and other cycles. • Each lunar phase has a specific name in Hawaiian. They were associated with certain kapu. • Today, they are still used as guides for times to plant, fish, and gather. • Link to Moon Calendar
  8. 8. HEIAU • Pre-Christian place of worship • Some heiau were elaborately constructed stone platforms, others were simple earth structures • There are many different kinds of heiau, including the following: – Heiau hoʻōla; heiau for treating sick – Heiau hoʻoulu ʻai: heiau where first fruits were offered to insure further growth – Luakini: large heiau where ruling chiefs prayed and human sacrifices were offered
  9. 9. NĀ PĀʻ ANI: Games • Pāpuhene – Also known as pūhenehene – A stone or piece of wood called noʻa was hidden on the person of a player, and the other players tried to guess on whom it was hidden. It was sometimes accompanied by gambling.
  10. 10. NĀ PĀʻ ANI: Games • Kilu – A small gourd or coconut shell, usually cut lengthwise, as used for storing small, choice objects, or to feed favorite children from – Used also as a quoit in the kilu game: the player chanted as he tossed the kilu towards an object placed in front of one of the opposite sex. If he hit the goal, he claimed a kiss • Lōkū – A game, perhaps like kilu – A place for indoor games; evening entertainment
  11. 11. NĀ IWI: Bones • It is believed that one’s iwi contains much mana • Iwi, particularly those of royal lineage, needed to be kept safe from potential wrongdoers • As such, burial was not the usual practice • Iwi were taken to a safe hiding place by a kahu (guardian) who went alone in the night so that no one but he would know where they were placed.