Piapa
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Piapa

on

  • 1,160 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,160
Views on SlideShare
1,016
Embed Views
144

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0

3 Embeds 144

http://haw101fall2012.blogspot.com 92
http://hawaiian101onlinefall2010.blogspot.com 50
http://fall2011haw101.blogspot.com 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Piapa Piapa Presentation Transcript

  •  
    • There are 5 vowels and 8 consonants in the pī`āpā (Hawaiian alphabet).
    • NĀ WOELA (vowels):
    • A E I O U
    • NĀ KONEKA (consonants):
    • H e K e L a M u N u P i W e ` okina
    •  
  • ʻOKINA
    • The ʻokina is a glottal stop. In other words, the ʻokina cuts or separates vowel sounds.
    • ʻ is the appropriate mark for an ʻokina (looks like an open-ended quote). ’ (an apostrophe) is not acceptable as it serves a different function.
    • Listen to the difference in the following pairs of words: hao ha`o koe ko`e kou ko`u mai ma`i
  • ʻOKINA
    • Value the ʻokina like you would value any other letter of the pī`āpā
    • Note that some speakers place ʻokina where they aren’t
      • kēia (this)
        • keʻia
        • kēʻia
  • KAHAKŌ
    • The kahakō (-) elongates the vowel over which it is placed.
    • Listen to the difference in the following pairs of words:
      • no nō
      • uliuli `ulī`ulī
      • maka māka kala kālā
    • Function and intent are different
      • Haaloa vs. Hāloa
    • `oopuu vs. `ōpū
  • IMPORTANCE OF `OKINA & KAHAKŌ
    • Omission or unnecessary inclusion of ‘okina or kahakō can drastically change the meaning of a word as in the following example:
      • pau completed, done, finished
      • pa`u soot
      • pa`ū moist, damp
      • pā`ū skirt
      • kala a type of fish
      • kālā money
      • ka lā the sun
  • SPELLING WORDS OUT IN HAWAIIAN
    • LANI la-a-nu-i
    • KEKOA ke-e-ke-o-a
    • `AO`AO `okina-a-o-`okina-a-o
    • LI`ILI`I la-i-`okina-i -la-i-`okina -i
    • `ĀPANA `okina-a-kō-pi-a-nu-a
    • KĪWĪ ki-i-kō-we-i-kō
  • FOUR SPELLING RULES
    • Every word must have at least 1 vowel.
    • No consonant clusters (such as pl, mk, nw, `h). Keep in mind that this applies to the `okina also, because it is considered a consonant.
    • Words cannot end in a consonant (including the `okina). Every word must end in a vowel.
    • A kahakō can only occur over a vowel.
  •