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Olelo hawaii
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Olelo hawaii

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  • Mai ka waha aku a i ka pepeiao a pa`a ho`i ma ka na`au – From the mouth to the ear and then affixed within the soul. In the days before the written alphabet came to Hawai`i, the history and traditions of the Hawaiian people were handed down by word of mouth. Oral traditions to the lāhui or Hawaiian people were of the utmost importance. It is through the voices of the mea oli (chanter), ho`opa`a hula (musician), kūkālā (announcer), ha`i mo`olelo (story teller) and haku mo`olelo (song composer) that traditions, ceremonies, processes and information were passed down from generation to generation until today.
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    • 1. `ŌLELO HAWAI`I:The Hawaiian Language
    • 2. ORAL TRADITIONS• Oral traditions were of the utmost importance – Mea oli – Ho`opa`a hula – Kūkālā – Ha`i mo`olelo – Haku mele/mo`olelo
    • 3. KUMULIPO• Mele ko`ihonua or genealogical chant• Over 2100 lines long• Echoes the complexities and details of the Hawaiian thought process and perspective
    • 4. HĀLAU/`OHANA• Hālau and `ohana helped to preserve the language by maintaining traditions from generation to generation
    • 5. HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE TODAY• Hawaiian language revitalization movement• 425,000 Native Hawaiians – Of that, approximately 10% claim to speak Hawaiian – Approximately 2% claim to be mānaleo or native speakers
    • 6. KA PĪ`ĀPĀ5 vowels: A E I O U8 consonants: H K L M N P W ʻ He Ke La Mu Nu Pi We ʻokina
    • 7. ʻOKINA• The `okina is a glottal stop. In other words, it cuts or separates vowel sounds.• ʻ is the appropriate mark for the ʻokina (looks like an open-ended quote). ’ (an apostrophe) is not acceptable as it serves a different function.• Listen to the difference in the following pairs of words: – hao haʻo – koe koʻe – kou koʻu – mai maʻi
    • 8. KAHAKŌ• The kahakō (-) elongates the vowel over which it is placed• Listen to the difference in the following pairs of words: – uliuli `ulī`ulī – maka māka – kala kālā
    • 9. IMPORTANCE OF ʻOKINA AND KAHAKŌ• Omission or unnecessary inclusion of ʻokina and/or kahakō can drastically change the meaning of a word as in the following examples: – pau completed; done; finished – paʻu soot – paʻū moist; damp – pā’ū skirt – kala a type of fish – kālā money – ka lā the sun
    • 10. I ka ʻ ōlelo nō ke ola,I ka ʻ ōlelo nō ka make Life is in speech; death is in speech

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