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  • 1. `AMI LAUKA HAW 101
  • 2. `AMI LAUKA
    • In Hawaiian, there always needs to be an ʻami even when there is no translation or nothing to identify with the ʻami in English. The ʻami lauka (i/iā) is one such example for which there is no English translation.
    • The ʻami lauka occurs after actions that is direct toward, affects, or refers to something else. For example, reading (heluhelu) can be directed towards a book, eating (ʻai) affects food, and seeing (ʻike) can refer to a house.
  • 3. NĀ LA`ANA (examples)
    • Poʻo Piko ʻAwe
    • Heluhelu ke keiki i ka puke. The child reads ___ the book.
    • Ke ʻai nei ʻo Mana i ka poi. Mana is eating ___ (the) poi.
  • 4. NĀ LA`ANA (examples)
    • Poʻo Piko ʻAwe
    • E ʻike ana au i kou hale. I am going to see ___ your house.
    • Ua kuke ke kumu i kēia meaʻai. The teacher cooked ___ this food.
  • 5. `AMI LAUKA
    • The `ami lauka i is used with ka`i + meme`a
    • The `ami lauka iā is used with papani and i`oa
      • iā + au = iaʻu to me, me
      • iā + ʻo ia = iā ia to her, her
  • 6. IMPORTANT NOTES
  • 7. NĀ LA`ANA (examples)
    • Poʻo Piko ʻAwe
    • ʻIke ka manu iaʻu. The bird sees ___ me.
    • Ke huli nei ‘o Pua iā Lani . Pua is looking for ___ Lani.
    • Ua haʻi au iā ia. I told ___ her.
  • 8. IMPORTANT NOTES
    • Note the differences in the use of ‘ami and the translations:
      • MA/I: Ua ʻai au ma Waimea. I ate at Waimea.
      • IĀ: Ua ʻai au iā Waimea. I ate __Waimea.
      • ME: Ua ʻai au me Waimea. I ate with Waimea (Waimea is someone’s name).
  • 9.