- `Ami means “joint” and thus, the `ami connects the words that follow it to something else. Listed below are four common `ami:
- of with in, on, at in, on, at
- the pencil of the teacher (the teacher’s pencil)
- the mother of Lani (Lani’s mom)
I/MA: IN, AT, ON
NĀ LA`ANA (ka`i + meme`a - helukahi)
- me ke keiki with the child
- i ke keiki in/at/on the child
- ma ke keiki in/at/on the child
- me kēia `īlio with this dog
- i kēia `īlio in/at/on this dog
- ma kēia `īlio in/at/on this dog
NĀ LA`ANA (ka`i + meme`a - helunui)
- o nā kānaka of the people
- me nā kānaka with the people
- i nā kānaka in/at/on the people
- ma nā kānaka in/at/on the people
- o ko`u mau ka`a of my cars
- me ko`u mau ka`a with my cars
- i ko`u mau ka`a in/at/on my cars
- ma ko`u mau ka`a in/at/on my cars
NĀ LA`ANA (I`oa)
`AMI HEA E
- `Ami hea e is used with a person’s name or name equivalent when you are addressing or talking to that person.
- E Haunani, aia i hea kou hale?
- Haunani, where is your house?
- Pehea `oe, e Nalu? How are you, Nalu?
NĀ LA`ANA (Examples)
- Notice that if you are not addressing a person by name (proper noun), you must have ka/ke before the noun.
- E ke kumu, aia ko`u inoa ma ka pepa. Teacher, my name is on the paper.
- E ke keikikāne, aia i hea kou māmā? Son, where is your mom?
- Note the difference in the following examples.
- E ke keiki, aia ke kanakē i ka waihona. Child, the candy is in the cupboard.
- E Keiki, aia ke kanakē i ka waihona. Keiki, the candy is in the cupboard.
- In the first example, you are simply addressing a child (no name). In the second example, the person’s name is “Keiki.”
- Aloha, e Kauka. Hello, Kauka.
- Aloha, e ke kauka. Hello, doctor.
- In the first example, the person who you are talking to is named “Kauka.” In the second example, you are simply addressing the doctor (kauka).