Ami
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  • 1. `AMI
  • 2. `AMI
    • `Ami means “joint” and thus, the `ami connects the words that follow it to something else. Listed below are four common `ami:
    •   O ME MA I
    • of with in, on, at in, on, at
  • 3. O: OF
    • o ke kumu
    • of the teacher
    • ka penikala o ke kumu
    • the pencil of the teacher (the teacher’s pencil)
    • o Lani
    • of Lani
    • ka makuahine o Lani
    • the mother of Lani (Lani’s mom)
  • 4. ME: WITH
    • me ka haumāna
    • with the student
    • me kou hoaaloha
    • with your friend
    • me Mana
    • with Mana
  • 5. I/MA: IN, AT, ON
    • i/ma kēia kula
    • in/at/on this school
    • i/ma ka papa `ele`ele
    • in/at/on the blackboard
    • i/ma Hilo
    • in/at/on Hilo
  • 6. NĀ LA`ANA (ka`i + meme`a - helukahi)
    • o ke keiki of the child
    • me ke keiki with the child
    • i ke keiki in/at/on the child
    • ma ke keiki in/at/on the child
    •  
    • o kēia `īlio of this dog
    • me kēia `īlio with this dog
    • i kēia `īlio in/at/on this dog
    • ma kēia `īlio in/at/on this dog
  • 7. NĀ LA`ANA (ka`i + meme`a - helunui)
    • o nā kānaka of the people
    • me nā kānaka with the people
    • i nā kānaka in/at/on the people
    • ma nā kānaka in/at/on the people
    • o ko`u mau ka`a of my cars
    • me ko`u mau ka`a with my cars
    • i ko`u mau ka`a in/at/on my cars
    • ma ko`u mau ka`a in/at/on my cars
  • 8. NĀ LA`ANA (I`oa)
    • o Kona of Kona
    • me Kona with Kona
    • i Kona in/on/at Kona
    • ma Kona in/on/at Kona
    •  
    • o Kapua of Kapua
    • me Kapua with Kapua
    • i Kapua in/at/on Kapua
    • ma Kapua in/at/on Kapua
  • 9.  
  • 10. `AMI HEA E
    • `Ami hea e is used with a person’s name or name equivalent when you are addressing or talking to that person.
    • E Haunani, aia i hea kou hale?
    • Haunani, where is your house?
    • Pehea `oe, e Nalu? How are you, Nalu?
    •  
  • 11. NĀ LA`ANA (Examples)
    • Notice that if you are not addressing a person by name (proper noun), you must have ka/ke before the noun.
    • E ke kumu, aia ko`u inoa ma ka pepa. Teacher, my name is on the paper.
    • E ke keikikāne, aia i hea kou māmā? Son, where is your mom?  
  • 12.
    • Note the difference in the following examples.
    •  
    • E ke keiki, aia ke kanakē i ka waihona. Child, the candy is in the cupboard.
    • E Keiki, aia ke kanakē i ka waihona. Keiki, the candy is in the cupboard.
    • In the first example, you are simply addressing a child (no name). In the second example, the person’s name is “Keiki.”
  • 13. NĀ LA`ANA
    • Aloha, e Kauka. Hello, Kauka.
    • Aloha, e ke kauka. Hello, doctor.
    • In the first example, the person who you are talking to is named “Kauka.” In the second example, you are simply addressing the doctor (kauka).
  • 14.