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Understanding of Waste Management in Bangladesh
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Understanding of Waste Management in Bangladesh

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  • 1. UNDERSTANDING OFWASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANGLADESH Saeed Ahmed Siddiquee Climate Change, Food Security and Governance Unit Eminence 3/6, Asad Avenue, Mohammadpur, Dhaka – 1207
  • 2. Presentation OverviewBasic Concepts of WM Relationship with GDP & PopulationSolid Waste Projection Major Sectors of WasteManagement Strategies 3R Related Policy GuidelinesFew Examples of Good Practices Eminence’s Recent Scope 2
  • 3. Basic Concepts of WM Waste Hierarchy – it refers to the "3 Rs“ reduce, reuse and recycle, which classify waste management strategies according to their desirability in terms of waste minimization. Polluter Pays Principle – it is a principle where the polluting party pays for the impact caused to the environment. Pyramid: Waste hierarchy. 3
  • 4. Relationship with GDP & Population Year Urban Total Urban Per Capita Waste Per Population Waste Generation Capita (in Million) Generation (Kg/Capita/Day) GDP (Tones/Day) (US$) 1991 20.8 6493 0.31* 220 2005 32.76 13,332 0.41** 482**** 2025 78.44 47,000 0..60*** ????? * WB 1998; ** Waste Concern 2007; *** UMPAP 2009; **** GoB 2006 4
  • 5. Solid Waste ProjectionGraph: Projection of Municipal Solid Waste Management Source: Waste Concern, JICA 5
  • 6. Major Sectors of WastePie Chart: Comprising major sectors of waste Source: GoB, 2008; JICA 2009 6
  • 7. Continues…. Photo: Different sources of wastesPhoto Courtesy: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark 7
  • 8. Management Strategies National 3R Strategies: The national 3R goal for waste management is to achieve higher levels of waste reduction, reuse, and recycling and minimize waste disposal on open dumps, rivers, flood plains and landfills by 2015.Objectives of the National 3R Strategy:• Address the key issues of waste management;• Define the roles of various actors; and• Guide the creation of enabling conditions for success. Priority Sector for 3R: • Municipal solid waste • Industrial waste • Biomedical waste • Agricultural waste 8
  • 9. 3R Related Policy Guidelines • Adopted 6 policies (1998-2008) Policies • Enactment of 2 acts (1995-2006) Acts • Adopted 4 rules (1997-2010) Rules • Promotion of 3 strategies (2005) Strategies • Promoted 3 action plans (1995-2005)Action Plans 9
  • 10. Few Examples of Good PracticesSource Separation of Waste at Uttara Model Town (Sector 5)Community Based Urban Solid Waste Management in BangladeshComposting of Waste in SlumsSchool Composting Program of American International School Dhaka (AISD)Medium and Large Scale Commercial Composting using CDMPlastic Waste Recycling in Dhaka by Informal SectorBattery Buy Back for Recycling by RahimafroozAgricultural Waste Used for Biogas Generation and Improved Cook StovesBiomass/Poultry Waste Used for Commercial Power GenerationBiomedical Waste Collection and Disposal in DhakaEnvironmental Management System (EMS) Practices in Several IndustriesRecycling Training Center in Katchpur, Narayangang 10
  • 11. Eminence’s Recent ScopeProject Concept: Trace out of public health impact andsustainable management of slaughtering wastes in Dhaka city.Location: DhakaProposed Ativities: Literature review, method finalization,selection, partnership, baseline study, field survey, policyanalysis, advocacy activities, dissemination.Financial Analysis: From the previous experience, theestimated budget for implementing such project can be assumedaround 5,000,000 BDT (equivalent to) in one year.Submitted to: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies(IGES), 2108-11 Kamiyamaguchi, Hayama, Kanagawa, 240-0115,Japan. 11
  • 12. Thank You