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CHINAWAT YAPWATTANAPHUN
Laboratory of Pomology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Ja...
Tropical

Contents
fruits

1

Introduction to Thailand

2

Important Tropical Fruit Crops

3

Utilization of mangosteen

4...
Kingdom of Thailand
Tropical

fruits

Location: Thailand is situated in the
heart of the Southeast Asian mainland,
coverin...
Kingdom of Thailand
Tropical

fruits

Climate: Thailand is a warm and rather
humid tropical country with monsoonal
climate...
Kingdom of Thailand
Tropical

fruits
Land Utilization

Land Used

1.13%

Housing area

20.40%
Forest land

Paddy land

31....
Kingdom of Thailand
The Land of Tropical Fruits
Tropical
fruits
fruits
Important
Tropical Fruit Crops
Tropical
Tropical

“King of Tropical Fruits”
fruits

Scientific name: Durio zibethinus Murr.
Thai name: Thurian
Cultivars:
Mon Thon...
Tropical

Rambutan
fruits

Scientific name: Nephelium lappaceum L.
Thai name: Ngo
Cultivars:
Rong Rian,
Si Chomphu
Fruitin...
Tropical

Rambutan
fruits

Rambutan has a unique pleasant sweet flavor

Rambutan, de-seeded,
put in pineapple and
canned i...
Tropical

Jackfruit
fruits

Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk

Thai name: Khanun

Cultivar: Thong Prasert,
Le...
Tropical

Pummelo
fruits

Scientific name: Citrus maxima Merr.
Thai name: Som O
Cultivar: Thong Di
Khao Nam Phueng
Fruitin...
Tropical

Santol
fruits

Scientific name: Sandoricum koetjape Murr.
Thai name: Krathon
Cultivar: Tap Tim, I La,
Pui Fai
Fr...
Tropical

Coconut
fruits

Scientific name: Cocos nucifera L.
Thai name: Maphrao
Cultivar: Nam Hom
Nam Wan
Fruiting season:...
Tropical

Wax apple
fruits

Scientific name: Syzygium samarangense Merr.&Perry

Thai name: Chomphu

Cultivar: Tabtim Chan,...
Tropical

Mangosteen
fruits

Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana L.
Thai name: Mungkhut
Cultivar: Fruiting season:
May - ...
Tropical

Mangosteen
fruits

Mangosteen is a
medium tree,
with 7-12 m high,
It has a straight
trunk, symmetrically
branche...
Tropical

Mangosteen
fruits

Leaves are
opposite, ovate
or elliptic-oblong,
Leaves about 15 25 cm long and 611 cm wide. A ...
Tropical

Mangosteen
fruits

Flower are solitary.
There are 4 sepals
and 4 petals.
Sepal is round and curve.
Petal is ovat...
Tropical

Mangosteen
fruits

Fruit is always best
eaten when fresh. The
weight of fruits varies
between 75-120 g and
fruit...
Utilization of mangosteen and related species
Tropica
l fruits
Tropical

Garcinia mangostana, ‘Mungkut’
fruits

Composition of mangosteen fruits (Component Per 100 g of aril)
Water
Prot...
Tropical

Garcinia mangostana, ‘Mungkut’
fruits

The fruit rind of
mangosteen is
also used as the
ingredient of
soap, sham...
Phylogenetic relationship of mangosteen and several wild
Tropical relatives revealed by ITS sequence data
fruits
Tropical

Materials and methods
fruits

DNA extraction

DNA purification

Amplification ITS regions

Sequencing

Alignment...
Tropical

fruits

Synonym
Consensus tree
Tropical

fruits

Strict consensus tree

Neighbor-joining tree
Plant Regeneration from Seed Segments
of Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.)

n
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Tropical

Mangosteen seed
fruits

2003
Tropical

Acknowledgements
fruits

JSPS
Kyoto University
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Thailand

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Transcript of "Thailand"

  1. 1. n gostee M an CHINAWAT YAPWATTANAPHUN Laboratory of Pomology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.
  2. 2. Tropical Contents fruits 1 Introduction to Thailand 2 Important Tropical Fruit Crops 3 Utilization of mangosteen 4 Phylogenetic relationships of mangosteen 5 Plant regenerate from seed segments of mangosteen
  3. 3. Kingdom of Thailand Tropical fruits Location: Thailand is situated in the heart of the Southeast Asian mainland, covering an area of 513,115 sq.km. and extends about 1,620 kilometres from north to south and 775 kilometres from east to west. Thailand borders the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Union of Myanmar to the North,the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand to the East, the Union of Myanmar and the Indian Ocean to the West,and Malaysia to the south.
  4. 4. Kingdom of Thailand Tropical fruits Climate: Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country with monsoonal climate. Temperatures are highest in March and April with average temperature of 28 degree Celsius to 38 degrees Celsius and humidity averaging between 82.8 percent to 73 percent Seasons: Summer: March to May, Rainy: June to October, Cool: November to February. Southern part : Summer : March to May Rainy: June to February
  5. 5. Kingdom of Thailand Tropical fruits Land Utilization Land Used 1.13% Housing area 20.40% Forest land Paddy land 31.49% 8.83% 8.33% 0.36% Unclassified Source : DOE 20001 27.85% 1.61% Field crops Fruit crops Vegetable and flowers Other crops
  6. 6. Kingdom of Thailand The Land of Tropical Fruits Tropical fruits
  7. 7. fruits Important Tropical Fruit Crops Tropical
  8. 8. Tropical “King of Tropical Fruits” fruits Scientific name: Durio zibethinus Murr. Thai name: Thurian Cultivars: Mon Thong, Chani, Kan Yao, Kradum Thong
  9. 9. Tropical Rambutan fruits Scientific name: Nephelium lappaceum L. Thai name: Ngo Cultivars: Rong Rian, Si Chomphu Fruiting season: May - September Nutrition value: high in calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C and pectin
  10. 10. Tropical Rambutan fruits Rambutan has a unique pleasant sweet flavor Rambutan, de-seeded, put in pineapple and canned in syrup is very popular among foreign customer of canned fruit Thailand is the world’s largest producer and exporter of canned rambutan
  11. 11. Tropical Jackfruit fruits Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk Thai name: Khanun Cultivar: Thong Prasert, Leung Bangtoey Fruiting season: January – May Nutrition value: high in vitamin A, sulfur, calcium and phosphorus
  12. 12. Tropical Pummelo fruits Scientific name: Citrus maxima Merr. Thai name: Som O Cultivar: Thong Di Khao Nam Phueng Fruiting season: August - November Nutrition value: high in vitamins C and A
  13. 13. Tropical Santol fruits Scientific name: Sandoricum koetjape Murr. Thai name: Krathon Cultivar: Tap Tim, I La, Pui Fai Fruiting season: May - July Nutrition value: high in phosphorus and vitamin C
  14. 14. Tropical Coconut fruits Scientific name: Cocos nucifera L. Thai name: Maphrao Cultivar: Nam Hom Nam Wan Fruiting season: All year round Nutrition value: high in calcium and phosphorus
  15. 15. Tropical Wax apple fruits Scientific name: Syzygium samarangense Merr.&Perry Thai name: Chomphu Cultivar: Tabtim Chan, Thun Klao, Phet Sai Rung Fruiting season: all year round Nutrition value: high in vitamin C and phosphorus
  16. 16. Tropical Mangosteen fruits Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana L. Thai name: Mungkhut Cultivar: Fruiting season: May - September Nutrition value: high in calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C
  17. 17. Tropical Mangosteen fruits Mangosteen is a medium tree, with 7-12 m high, It has a straight trunk, symmetrically branched to form a conical crown.
  18. 18. Tropical Mangosteen fruits Leaves are opposite, ovate or elliptic-oblong, Leaves about 15 25 cm long and 611 cm wide. A leaf is dark green color.
  19. 19. Tropical Mangosteen fruits Flower are solitary. There are 4 sepals and 4 petals. Sepal is round and curve. Petal is ovate and pink color
  20. 20. Tropical Mangosteen fruits Fruit is always best eaten when fresh. The weight of fruits varies between 75-120 g and fruits contain 2-3 well developed seed.
  21. 21. Utilization of mangosteen and related species Tropica l fruits
  22. 22. Tropical Garcinia mangostana, ‘Mungkut’ fruits Composition of mangosteen fruits (Component Per 100 g of aril) Water Protein (g) Carbohydrates (g) Citric acid (g) Fibers (g) Calcium (mg) Phosphorus (mg) Iron (mg) Vitamin A (carotene) (IU) Vitamin B (thiamin) (mg) Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)(mg) Vitamin B5 (niacin) (mg) Vitamin C (mg) 79.2 0.50 19.8 0.63 0.30 11.0 17.0 0.90 14.0 0.09 0.06 0.10 66.0
  23. 23. Tropical Garcinia mangostana, ‘Mungkut’ fruits The fruit rind of mangosteen is also used as the ingredient of soap, shampoo and conditioner. The fresh fruit are used in icecream as a flavor
  24. 24. Phylogenetic relationship of mangosteen and several wild Tropical relatives revealed by ITS sequence data fruits
  25. 25. Tropical Materials and methods fruits DNA extraction DNA purification Amplification ITS regions Sequencing Alignment Phylogenetic Analysis
  26. 26. Tropical fruits Synonym Consensus tree
  27. 27. Tropical fruits Strict consensus tree Neighbor-joining tree
  28. 28. Plant Regeneration from Seed Segments of Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) n gostee M an
  29. 29. Tropical Mangosteen seed fruits 2003
  30. 30. Tropical Acknowledgements fruits JSPS Kyoto University
  31. 31. n gostee M an
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