Thailand
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Thailand

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Thailand Thailand Presentation Transcript

  • n gostee M an CHINAWAT YAPWATTANAPHUN Laboratory of Pomology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Tropical Contents fruits 1 Introduction to Thailand 2 Important Tropical Fruit Crops 3 Utilization of mangosteen 4 Phylogenetic relationships of mangosteen 5 Plant regenerate from seed segments of mangosteen
  • Kingdom of Thailand Tropical fruits Location: Thailand is situated in the heart of the Southeast Asian mainland, covering an area of 513,115 sq.km. and extends about 1,620 kilometres from north to south and 775 kilometres from east to west. Thailand borders the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Union of Myanmar to the North,the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand to the East, the Union of Myanmar and the Indian Ocean to the West,and Malaysia to the south.
  • Kingdom of Thailand Tropical fruits Climate: Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country with monsoonal climate. Temperatures are highest in March and April with average temperature of 28 degree Celsius to 38 degrees Celsius and humidity averaging between 82.8 percent to 73 percent Seasons: Summer: March to May, Rainy: June to October, Cool: November to February. Southern part : Summer : March to May Rainy: June to February
  • Kingdom of Thailand Tropical fruits Land Utilization Land Used 1.13% Housing area 20.40% Forest land Paddy land 31.49% 8.83% 8.33% 0.36% Unclassified Source : DOE 20001 27.85% 1.61% Field crops Fruit crops Vegetable and flowers Other crops
  • Kingdom of Thailand The Land of Tropical Fruits Tropical fruits
  • fruits Important Tropical Fruit Crops Tropical
  • Tropical “King of Tropical Fruits” fruits Scientific name: Durio zibethinus Murr. Thai name: Thurian Cultivars: Mon Thong, Chani, Kan Yao, Kradum Thong
  • Tropical Rambutan fruits Scientific name: Nephelium lappaceum L. Thai name: Ngo Cultivars: Rong Rian, Si Chomphu Fruiting season: May - September Nutrition value: high in calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C and pectin
  • Tropical Rambutan fruits Rambutan has a unique pleasant sweet flavor Rambutan, de-seeded, put in pineapple and canned in syrup is very popular among foreign customer of canned fruit Thailand is the world’s largest producer and exporter of canned rambutan
  • Tropical Jackfruit fruits Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk Thai name: Khanun Cultivar: Thong Prasert, Leung Bangtoey Fruiting season: January – May Nutrition value: high in vitamin A, sulfur, calcium and phosphorus
  • Tropical Pummelo fruits Scientific name: Citrus maxima Merr. Thai name: Som O Cultivar: Thong Di Khao Nam Phueng Fruiting season: August - November Nutrition value: high in vitamins C and A
  • Tropical Santol fruits Scientific name: Sandoricum koetjape Murr. Thai name: Krathon Cultivar: Tap Tim, I La, Pui Fai Fruiting season: May - July Nutrition value: high in phosphorus and vitamin C
  • Tropical Coconut fruits Scientific name: Cocos nucifera L. Thai name: Maphrao Cultivar: Nam Hom Nam Wan Fruiting season: All year round Nutrition value: high in calcium and phosphorus
  • Tropical Wax apple fruits Scientific name: Syzygium samarangense Merr.&Perry Thai name: Chomphu Cultivar: Tabtim Chan, Thun Klao, Phet Sai Rung Fruiting season: all year round Nutrition value: high in vitamin C and phosphorus
  • Tropical Mangosteen fruits Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana L. Thai name: Mungkhut Cultivar: Fruiting season: May - September Nutrition value: high in calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C
  • Tropical Mangosteen fruits Mangosteen is a medium tree, with 7-12 m high, It has a straight trunk, symmetrically branched to form a conical crown.
  • Tropical Mangosteen fruits Leaves are opposite, ovate or elliptic-oblong, Leaves about 15 25 cm long and 611 cm wide. A leaf is dark green color.
  • Tropical Mangosteen fruits Flower are solitary. There are 4 sepals and 4 petals. Sepal is round and curve. Petal is ovate and pink color
  • Tropical Mangosteen fruits Fruit is always best eaten when fresh. The weight of fruits varies between 75-120 g and fruits contain 2-3 well developed seed.
  • Utilization of mangosteen and related species Tropica l fruits
  • Tropical Garcinia mangostana, ‘Mungkut’ fruits Composition of mangosteen fruits (Component Per 100 g of aril) Water Protein (g) Carbohydrates (g) Citric acid (g) Fibers (g) Calcium (mg) Phosphorus (mg) Iron (mg) Vitamin A (carotene) (IU) Vitamin B (thiamin) (mg) Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)(mg) Vitamin B5 (niacin) (mg) Vitamin C (mg) 79.2 0.50 19.8 0.63 0.30 11.0 17.0 0.90 14.0 0.09 0.06 0.10 66.0
  • Tropical Garcinia mangostana, ‘Mungkut’ fruits The fruit rind of mangosteen is also used as the ingredient of soap, shampoo and conditioner. The fresh fruit are used in icecream as a flavor
  • Phylogenetic relationship of mangosteen and several wild Tropical relatives revealed by ITS sequence data fruits
  • Tropical Materials and methods fruits DNA extraction DNA purification Amplification ITS regions Sequencing Alignment Phylogenetic Analysis
  • Tropical fruits Synonym Consensus tree
  • Tropical fruits Strict consensus tree Neighbor-joining tree
  • Plant Regeneration from Seed Segments of Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) n gostee M an
  • Tropical Mangosteen seed fruits 2003
  • Tropical Acknowledgements fruits JSPS Kyoto University
  • n gostee M an