THE ORIGINAL COLONIES
•There are three groups used to categorize the
original thirteen colonies. They are:
•The New England Colonies
•The Middle Colonies
•The Southern Colonies
NEW ENGLAND COLONIES
• The four original New England colonies include:
• Rhode Island
• New Hampshire
• Many individuals in the New England colonies
were Calvinists or heavily influenced by John
Calvin’s works and thought. Many people were also
• New England colonies had rocky thin soil, so they
couldn’t farm. Fishing brought great prosperity to
the New England colonies. Whaling also brought in
a lot of the colonies’ profits.
• The New England colonies were heavily involved in commerce.
The trade with England allowed ship holders to flourish. Further,
they traded with the West Indies and the French colonies to the
• Even though there wasn’t much fertile soil for farming,
towns were surrounded by farms owned by the workers.
They had a high degree of mechanical ingenuity and self-
• The original Middle Colonies were:
• New York
• New Jersey
• The middle colonies had fertile land. Land was generally
acquired more easily than in New England or in the
South. Wheat and corn from local farms would feed the
American colonies through their colonial infancy and
• The middle colonies were not as well known for their
farming as they were for their mills and bread. Their
mills were powered by water. On average, a person in the
Middle colonies ate about one pound of bread per day.
• There were a variety of jobs in the middle colonies due to the
varying climate and the different needs of the people. The main
• Glass blowers
• Brick makers
• The Middle colonies presented and assortment of
religions. The presence of Quakers, Mennonites,
Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists and Presbyterians
made the dominance of one faith next to
• The original Southern colonies were:
• North Carolina
• South Carolina
• The founders of the Southern Colonies came to America seeking wealth in
the form of landownership. Some were rich aristocrats from England who
became owners of huge tracts of land in America. These landowners
recognized that the Southern Colonies were rich in farmland. The coastal
plains and the rolling hills were perfect for raising crops. The rich soil and
the warm weather helped the crops thrive. They established very large
farms known as plantations. Each plantation required many, many works.
Growing the crops was nearly a year-round job in the warmer colonies, and
there were lots of other jobs to do on a large plantation too.
• Plantation owners could not find enough works among the European
immigrants to the United States. Most of these immigrants wanted to farm
their own land, not work for someone else. The Native Americans were not
interested in taking jobs on the plantations either. The plantation owners
found the solution to their labor shortage on a Dutch slave ship. They
purchased their first slaves in Jamestown in 1619. According to some
histories, these first African Americans were known as servants rather than
slaves. Either way, they were forced to work on the plantations.
• The economy in the Southern colonies was dependent on farming. This is
why plantations were so common in the south. The main types of crops
• The Southern colonies were made up of religiously
diverse settlers. The settlers were mostly
Anglicans, Catholics, Baptists, Lutherans and
• The Triangular Trade was a system in which slaves, crops and manufactures
were traded between Africa, the Caribbean and the American colonies.
• The majority of slaves transported to the New World were Africans from the
central and western parts of Africa, sold by native African tribes to European
slave traders who then transported them to the colonies in North and South
THE GREAT AWAKENING
• The Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal that swept the American
Colonies, particularly New England, during the first half of the 18th Century.
Certain Christians began to disassociate themselves with the established
approach to worship at the time which had led to a general sense of
complacency among believers, and instead they adopted an approach which
was characterized by great fervor and emotion in prayer.
THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT
• The Enlightenment was appreciated by many people in
the colonies who tried to keep up with the advancements
of the Europeans. Professor John Winthrop was among
those responsible for the spread of enlightenment in
"The 13 Colonies." History.com. A&E Television Networks,
n.d. Web. 29 June 2014.
"Enlightenment." History.com. A&E Television Networks,
n.d. Web. 26 June 2014.
"Triangular Trade." Triangular Trade. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June