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World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
World Aids Day 2013
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World Aids Day 2013

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On the occasion of World Aids Day a lecture was held by BSN2 students in the presence of students from various Makassed schools.

On the occasion of World Aids Day a lecture was held by BSN2 students in the presence of students from various Makassed schools.

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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Transcript

  • 1. OUTLINE What is HIV?  HIV and the Immune System.  What is AIDS?  Stages of AIDS.  Transmission and Prevention.  Misconceptions about AIDS transmission.  Diagnosis and treatment.  Stigma and discrimination. 
  • 2. AIDS IN THE WORLD  More than 35 million people now live with HIV/AIDS.  Only 3,600 in Lebanon (2012).  In 2012, an estimated 2.3 million people were newly infected with HIV.  Every day nearly 6,300 people contract HIV— nearly 262 every hour.
  • 3. WHAT IS HIV?  H – Human – This particular virus can only infect human beings.  I – Immunodeficiency – HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection.  V – Virus – A virus can only reproduce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its host.
  • 4. HIV AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
  • 5. HIV VS. AIDS
  • 6. WHAT IS AIDS?  A – Acquired – AIDS is not something you inherit from your parents. You acquire AIDS after birth.  I – Immuno – Your body's immune system that work to fight off infection or disease.  D – Deficiency – You get AIDS when your immune system is "deficient "  S – Syndrome – A syndrome is a collection of symptoms and signs of disease(wide range of complications and symptoms).
  • 7. A PERSON WITH HIV IS SAID TO HAVE AIDS WHEN HE OR SHE HAS:  A CD4 (T-cell) count less than 200.  One or more specific AIDS-related disease (Opportunistic Infections):
  • 8. OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS
  • 9. STAGES OF AIDS  "
  • 10. HOW IS HIV/AIDS TRANSMITTED? 2% 11% Sexual transmission Unknown 17% Drugs 70% Prenatal
  • 11. PREVENTION  Monogamy Mutual monogamy means to be faithful with only one partner.  Condoms When used consistently and correctly, condoms are highly effective in preventing HIV infection.  Don’t share needles, razors and blood contaminated equipments.  HIV+ women should avoid pregnancy.
  • 12. MISCONCEPTIONS
  • 13. HOW IS HIV/AIDS DIAGNOSED? Rapid HIV Testing.  ELISA Test.  Western Blot Test. 
  • 14. WHAT IF I WAS DIAGNOSED AS HIV+?
  • 15. IS THERE A TREATMENT FOR HIV/AIDS?
  • 16. HOW IS HIV/AIDS TREATED?
  • 17. POST EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS
  • 18. IS THERE A VACCINE FOR HIV?  $845 million was spent on AIDS vaccine research in 2011.  Currently, there is no effective HIV vaccine but many research projects managing clinical trials seek to create one.
  • 19. STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION
  • 20. HISTORY OF STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION
  • 21. WHY IS THERE STIGMA RELATED TO HIV/AIDS?  HIV/AIDS is a life-threatening disease.  HIV infection is associated with stigmatized behaviors in many societies.  Most people become infected through sexual relations.
  • 22. ASPECTS OF STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION  Health care.  Employment.  Community.  Family.
  • 23. NURSES AND HIV PATIENTS
  • 24. MakassedUniversity MakassedUni
  • 25. REFERENCES www.aids.gov  www.treathivnow.com  Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of MedicalSurgical Nursing  www.cdc.gov  National AIDS control program magazine. 

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