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  • 1. Masahiro Akaishi
  • 2.
    • Format is very IMPORTANT
    • … However, many students do not pay attention to formatting so much
    • There are always rules to write something
      • If you overlook formatting correctly, your essay might not be as good as it should be
  • 3.
    • There are two main format styles
      • MLA & APA style
        • … in most case, professors tend to prefer MLA format style including in your upper courses of your major
      • Even though the point of format in First Year Composition Assessment Rubric is small, do not under estimate the format; it is always important to be consistent in your essay
  • 4.
    • These are examples from USF library website for your reference page
      • MLA (Works Cited)
        • Jones, Barry.  Sleepers, Wake!: Technology and the Future of Work.   New York: Oxford UP, 1995.
      • APA (Reference list)
        • Beck, C.A., & Sales, B.D. (2001). Family mediation: Facts, myths and future prospects . Washington, DC:  American Psychological Association.
  • 5.
    • See the difference? Even the title for your reference is different for MLA and APA
    • In addition, there is an underline for MLA, but none of that for APA.
    • In-text citation rules are also different.
      • You want to be consistent in your essay, so DO NOT mix them in your essay
  • 6.
    • Let’s see what else you need to be careful about major MLA style formats!
  • 7.
    • This is not a big deal, but there is a rule for margins.
      • Margins are always 1 inch to top, bottom, left, and right
      • In addition, a margin to a header is ½ inch
      • Adapted from A writer’s handbook
  • 8.
    • You need to have a header that contains page number followed by your last name
    • Your full name, your instructor’s name, your course name, and date should be in this order and placed at top-left side in your paper
    • You should have an interesting title of your essay at the center of your essay
      • Adapted from A writer’s handbook
  • 9.
    • Double space is required of MLA style
      • This applies to your heading, paragraphs, and works cited
    • You need to indent your first line by 5 spaces
      • If you have a block quotation, you need to indent the paragraph by 10 spaces
      • Adapted from A writer’s handbook
  • 10.
    • This is sometimes tricky
      • After you put in-text citation with page number in parenthesis at the end of sentence, punctuations come after the parenthesis
        • An example from Leonard J. Rosen (168);
        • And “that,” writes Chopin, is “the beginning of the shameful affair” (32).
      • However, if a sentence continues, you need to put punctuations within a quote.
        • Same example from Rosen (168)
        • And “ that ,” writes Chopin, is “the beginning of the shameful affair” (32).
  • 11.
    • You always need to introduce an author if you only use page number in a parenthesis
      • Same example from Rosen (168)
      • And “that,” writes Chopin , is “the beginning of the shameful affair” (32).
    • Even if you summarize or paraphrase your source, you still need to make clear divisions between your thoughts and an author’s thoughts; therefore, it is better to introduce the author when you summarize or paraphrase his/her thoughts
  • 12.
    • Block quotation is a quotation that is longer than 4 lines
      • You need to follow a few things
        • No quotation marks is necessary
        • You need to start a new paragraph
        • You need to indent 10 spaces from left
        • Adapted from A writer’s handbook
  • 13.
    • Works Cited is a list of all sources you use
      • You need to start Works Cited on a new page
      • You need to put “Works Cited” in the center of the first line
      • You need to fix all bibliographies in alphabetical order
      • Margins are as same as the other pages; 1 inch to all sides and ½ inch for a header
      • For each source, you need to indent 5 spaces after second line if your bibliography is more than 1 line
      • Adapted from A writer’s handbook and OWL at Purdue
  • 14.
    • &quot;MLA Examples.&quot; Citing Sources . University of South Florida Library. 2 Dec 2008 <http://www.lib.usf.edu/public/index.cfm?Pg=MLAExamples>.
    • &quot;MLA Formatting and Style Guide.&quot; The Purdue Online Writing Lab . The OWL at Purdue. 2 Dec 2008 <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/>.
    • Rosen, Leonard J. Decisions A Writer's Handbook . 2nd ed. New York: Longman, 2002.