THE FUTURE <ul><li>Present Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Present Continuous </li></ul><ul><li>Be Going To </li></ul><ul><li>Wil...
PRESENT SIMPLE <ul><li>In sentences that concern events that are on a  definite schedule or timetable . </li></ul><ul><li>...
PRESENT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>BE (present) + V-ING </li></ul><ul><li>In sentences that concern a  definite plan or arrangemen...
BE GOING TO <ul><li>When the speaker is making a  prediction based on evidence . </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a cloud in the ...
WILL + INFINITIVE <ul><li>When the speaker is making a  prediction . </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow  WILL BE  hot and sunny. <...
FUTURE CONTINUOUS <ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>- Incomplete actions in the future </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul><ul><l...
FUTURE PERFECT <ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>- Actions that will be finished before some point  </li></ul><ul><li>in the f...
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The Future

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Ways of expressing the future in English

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The Future

  1. 1. THE FUTURE <ul><li>Present Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Present Continuous </li></ul><ul><li>Be Going To </li></ul><ul><li>Will + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>Future continuous: will + be +V-ing </li></ul><ul><li>Future perfect: will + have + past participle </li></ul>
  2. 2. PRESENT SIMPLE <ul><li>In sentences that concern events that are on a definite schedule or timetable . </li></ul><ul><li>These sentences usually contain future words. </li></ul><ul><li>Only a few verbs are used in this way, eg: to be, open, close, begin, start, end, finish, arrive, come, leave, return. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><li>The train LEAVES London at 9pm tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>Joanna STARTS work next week. </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow IS Thursday. </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRESENT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>BE (present) + V-ING </li></ul><ul><li>In sentences that concern a definite plan or arrangement . These sentences usually contain future words, or the future is understood from the context. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><li>Marek IS TAKING his CAE exam next year. </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t play tennis with you tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>They ’RE WORKING . </li></ul>
  4. 4. BE GOING TO <ul><li>When the speaker is making a prediction based on evidence . </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a cloud in the sky. It ’S GOING TO rain. </li></ul><ul><li>When the speaker already has an intention or plan . </li></ul><ul><li>We ’RE GOING TO paint our bedroom tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Simon has won the lottery. He says he ’S GOING TO buy a </li></ul><ul><li>house in Oxford. </li></ul>
  5. 5. WILL + INFINITIVE <ul><li>When the speaker is making a prediction . </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow WILL BE hot and sunny. </li></ul><ul><li>People WILL GO to Mars in the next decade. </li></ul><ul><li>When the speaker decides to do something at the time of </li></ul><ul><li>speaking. He had no previous plan . Spontaneous . </li></ul><ul><li>Hold on. I ’LL GET a pencil. </li></ul><ul><li>We WILL SEE what we can do to help you </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe we ’LL STAY IN and WATCH television. </li></ul>
  6. 6. FUTURE CONTINUOUS <ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>- Incomplete actions in the future </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>I/you/we etc. will be going/taking </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow at nine, I will be washing my car. </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow at this time, I will be getting bored at school! </li></ul>
  7. 7. FUTURE PERFECT <ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>- Actions that will be finished before some point </li></ul><ul><li>in the future </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>I/a dog etc. will have gone, seen, etc </li></ul><ul><li>They will have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>I will have retired by the end of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday. </li></ul>
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