INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF       THE EARS           MAJID MOHIUDDIN
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE            EARS    1. Eustachian (auditory) tube, from the       throat and nasopharynx.    2. ...
OTITIS EXTERNA, EXTERNAL OTITIS, EAR    CANAL INFECTION, SWIMMER’S EAR• Infection with itching, pain, malodorous  discharg...
OTITIS MEDIA, MIDDLE EAR                 INFECTION:• Develop as Complication of the  common cold.                         ...
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF       THE EYES
Viral infections:• Conjunctivitis, keratitis keratoconjuctivitis:  Adenoviruses, enteroviruses and herpes  simplex viruses...
BACTERIAL CONJUCTIVITIS         (Pinkeye)• Irritation                      • Haemophilus• Reddening of          influenzae...
CHLAMYDIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS, INCLUSION    CONJUCTIVITIS, PARATRACHOMA• Mucopurulent          ETIOLOGIC AGENT:  discharge in ...
TRACHOMA, CHLAMYDIA KERATOCONJUNCTIVITS• Highly contagious   ETIOLOGIC• Acute or chronic      AGENT:  conjunctival        ...
GONOCOCCAL CONJUNCTIVITIS,GONORRHEAL OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM• Acute redness                   • Neisseria• Swelling of      ...
AMEBIC CONJUCTIVITIS AND     KERATOCONJUCTIVITIS• Inflammation of  the conjunctiva   • Several species of• Corneal ulcers ...
TOXOPLASMOSIS• Systemic sporozoal  infection            • Toxoplasma gondii;• Immunocompetent        an intracelluar  pers...
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE       ORAL CAVITY
VIRAL AND BACTERIAL          INFECTIONSCOLD SORES, HERPES LABIALIS:• Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2DENTAL CARIES, ...
The End
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Infectious diseases of the ears,eyes,mouth

1,130

Published on

Infectious diseases of ears, eyes and mouth

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,130
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Infectious diseases of the ears,eyes,mouth

  1. 1. INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE EARS MAJID MOHIUDDIN
  2. 2. INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE EARS 1. Eustachian (auditory) tube, from the throat and nasopharynx. 2. From external ear. 3. Through the blood or lymph.• OTITIS MEDIA• OTITIS EXTERNA
  3. 3. OTITIS EXTERNA, EXTERNAL OTITIS, EAR CANAL INFECTION, SWIMMER’S EAR• Infection with itching, pain, malodorous discharge, tenderness, redness, swelling and impaired hearing.• Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris, Staphylococcus aureus; rarely by fungus –e.g., Aspergillus.
  4. 4. OTITIS MEDIA, MIDDLE EAR INFECTION:• Develop as Complication of the common cold. • Bacteria: Streptococcus• Persistent and severe earache. pneumonia (G+ve• Temporary hearing loss. diplococcus), Haemophillus• Pressure in middle ear. influenzae (G-ve bacillus)• Bulging of the eardrum (Tympanic and Moraxella catarrhalis membrane), (G-ve diplococcus) also• Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and fever Streptococcus pyogenes and in young children. Staphylococcus aureus.• May lead to rupture of the eardrum, • Virus: Measles virus, bloody discharge and then pus. parainfluenza virus and• Severe complications: bone infection, respiratory syncytial virus permanent hearing loss, and (RSV) meningitis. • Not Communicable
  5. 5. INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE EYES
  6. 6. Viral infections:• Conjunctivitis, keratitis keratoconjuctivitis: Adenoviruses, enteroviruses and herpes simplex viruses.• Treatment: – Care during viral infections (cold sores). – Antiviral agents for herpes simplex infections. (Ointment or eye drops).
  7. 7. BACTERIAL CONJUCTIVITIS (Pinkeye)• Irritation • Haemophilus• Reddening of influenzae biogroup conjunctiva, aegyptius and Streptococcus• Edema of eyelids, pneumoniae. And others.• Mucopurulent discharge,• Sensitivity to • Human to human via, eye and BACTERIAL light, respiratory discharge, contaminate• Highly INFECTIONS d fingers, facial tissues, clothing, eye
  8. 8. CHLAMYDIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS, INCLUSION CONJUCTIVITIS, PARATRACHOMA• Mucopurulent ETIOLOGIC AGENT: discharge in • Serotypes (serovars) neonates, result in of Chlamydia mild scarring of trachomatis. conjunctivae and cornea. • Contact with genital• May concurrent discharges of with chlamydial infected people. nasopharyngitis or pneumonia. • Contaminated fingers to eye.• In adults, may be BACTERIAL concurrent with • Infection in newborns via infected birth nongonococcal INFECTIONS canal.
  9. 9. TRACHOMA, CHLAMYDIA KERATOCONJUNCTIVITS• Highly contagious ETIOLOGIC• Acute or chronic AGENT: conjunctival • Serotypes inflammation (serovars) of Chlamydia• Scarring of trachomatis cornea and conjunctiva• Deformation of • Direct contact with BACTERIAL eyelids and infectious ocular or INFECTIONS blindness. nasal secretions
  10. 10. GONOCOCCAL CONJUNCTIVITIS,GONORRHEAL OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM• Acute redness • Neisseria• Swelling of gonorrhoeae (G-ve, conjunctiva kidney-bean shaped diplococci)• Purulent discharge • Contact with the• Corneal ulcers infected birth canal during delivery.• Perforation • Adult infection from• Blindness finger to eye contact BACTERIAL with infected genital INFECTIONS secretions.
  11. 11. AMEBIC CONJUCTIVITIS AND KERATOCONJUCTIVITIS• Inflammation of the conjunctiva • Several species of• Corneal ulcers amebae – genus• Pus formation Acanthamoeba.• Severe pain• Loss of vision • Ameba contaminated water. PROTOZOAL • Unsterile contact lens INFECTIONS • Cleaning and wetting
  12. 12. TOXOPLASMOSIS• Systemic sporozoal infection • Toxoplasma gondii;• Immunocompetent an intracelluar persons sporozoan.• Serious disease, even death, may • Cats and other occur in felines immunodeficient • Intermediate hosts persons include rodents,• Infection during birds, sheep, goats, PROTOZOAL early pregnancy swine and cattle. may lead to fetal • Humans usually INFECTIONS infection, causing become infected by
  13. 13. INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE ORAL CAVITY
  14. 14. VIRAL AND BACTERIAL INFECTIONSCOLD SORES, HERPES LABIALIS:• Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2DENTAL CARIES, GINGIVITIS & PERIODONTITIS:• Bacteriodes, Porphyromonas, Fusobacterium, Prevotella, Actinomyces, Treponema spp. etc.• Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacilli, Actinomyces spp.
  15. 15. The End

×