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How to Deal with Cheating and Plagiarism in Foreign Languages

How to Deal with Cheating and Plagiarism in Foreign Languages






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    How to Deal with Cheating and Plagiarism in Foreign Languages How to Deal with Cheating and Plagiarism in Foreign Languages Presentation Transcript

    • How to Deal with Cheating andPlagiarismMaster Teaching InitiativeMaite Correa, PhD
    • What is cheating/plagiarizing?• Plagiarism: The action or practice oftaking someone elses work, idea, etc.,and passing it off as ones own; literarytheft (Oxford Dictionary)• Cheat: To deceive, impose upon, trick(Oxford Dictionary)• What instances of plagiarism/cheatinghave you come across??
    • Is all cheating/plagiarizing?• Sometimes students do not know thedifference between paraphrasing and quoting• Sometimes students do not know how toacknowledge the source (would a referenceat the end of the paper suffice?)• Sometimes students believe that “outsidehelp” is justified• Sometimes students believe that dictionariesand online translators are acceptable
    • • Copying phrases or passages out of a published work without usingquotation marks, without acknowledging the source, or both(word-for-word plagiarism)• Changing some of the words, but not enough; the result can becalled paraphrasing plagiarism. This is considered more seriouswhen the original source is not cited.• Giving references to original sources, and perhaps quoting them,but without looking them up, having obtained both from asecondary source -- which is not cited (Bensman, 1988: 456-457).This can be called plagiarism of secondary sources.• Plagiarizing ideas: an original thought from another is used butwithout any dependence on the words or form of the source.• Putting ones name to someone elses work, which might be calledplagiarism of authorship (next slide).http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/94jie.html
    • Buying/Getting papers online• There are several large sites which sell papers, and evenmore which maintain small collections available forfree. There are even some which promise custom-written papers.• Let students know that you know about these websites.• Go a step further and take students to one of the sites.Have students look at a weak paper (there are plenty ofthese on the Web!) and analyze its failures.• Be careful to give specific, non-generic instructions forpapers. A more specific assignment will makeplagiarism much more difficult.• Include specific instructions about bibliographies, suchas requiring all students to include material fromrequired readings among their sources.• Watch your students write. Ask them to bring notes ordrafts to class, have short conferences about theassignment, use peer groups to comment on drafts, askfor drafts to be submitted with the final paper.http://www.wiu.edu/users/mfbhl/wiu/plagiarism.htm
    • Online Translators
    • Academic Dishonesty at CSU• Cheating includes using unauthorized sources of information andproviding or receiving unauthorized assistance on any form of academicwork. Examples include copying the work of another student on an exam,problem set, or quiz; taking an exam or completing homework for anotherstudent; possessing unauthorized notes, study sheets, answer codes,programmed calculators, or other materials during an exam; and falsifyingexams or other graded paper results.• Plagiarism includes the copying of language, structure, ideas, or thoughtsof another, and representing them as one’s own without properacknowledgment. Examples include a submission of purchased researchpapers as one’s own work; paraphrasing and/or quoting material withoutproperly documenting the source.http://catalog.colostate.edu/front/policies.aspx
    • Academic Dishonesty (Cont.)• Falsification encompasses any untruth, either verbal or written, in one’sacademic work. Examples include receiving unauthorized assistance orworking as a group on a take-home exam, independent exam, or otheracademic work without authorization, or lying to avoid taking an exam orturning in other academic work.• Facilitation of any act of academic dishonesty including cheating,plagiarism, and/or falsification of documents also constitutions violationof Colorado State University’s academic integrity. Examples includeknowingly discussing specifics of the content of a test or examination youhave taken with another student who has not yet taken that test orexamination or facilitating, by sharing one’s own work, a student’s effortsto cheat on an exam or other academic work.http://catalog.colostate.edu/front/policies.aspx
    • Who cheats?• According to the Conflict Resolution andStudent Conduct Services office at CSU:– 20% do not cheat no matter what– 60% cheat depending on the situation– 20% always cheat
    • Why do they cheat?• Lazy: it is easier to cheat• No time to study• Unfair situations/faculty perceived by thestudents• The material is not that important• Faculty do not encourage academic integrity (?)• Others cheat as well, why not me?• Help friends
    • Our duty• PREVENT!• Play detective• Talk to the student• Decide on a reasonable penalty (if guilty)• Report the case
    • What we can do to PREVENT(vs. detect)• Inform students of academic standards for scholarship and conduct.• Clarify the distinctions between plagiarism, paraphrasing, and directcitation• Tell students that resubmitting their previous academic work as a newproduct for your course is inappropriate• Explain how cheating harms students and describe campus sanctions.• Minimize the opportunities for cheating and plagiarism (specific topics,change exams slightly, ask for drafts).• Take visible actions to detect dishonesty so that students know you willnot tolerate cheating (even if you dont actually carry out all the actionsyou say you will take, honest students will appreciate knowing that youcare enough about academic integrity to take precautions.)http://teaching.berkeley.edu/bgd/prevent.html
    • Playing detective• Be attentive• Anti-plagiarism software: Safeassign (built in Ram CT); others ($$)(next slide)• Just google within “ “ whatever seems suspicious• Common Sense– Knowing your students and what they can and can not do– Comparing parts of the paper (wonderful introduction; mediocreconclusion)• Careful with accusations:– Ask them questions about it, do not imply that they cheated untilthey had the opportunity to explain themselves– Only accuse them if you have compelling evidence– Do not assign penalties before being sure of what you are doing
    • Alleged reasons for not reporting• It will hurt the student• It is not that serious• Too much work• It is the first time• It was not on purpose
    • Reasons to report• It is your responsibility (think that not reporting mightbe an act of “facilitation of cases of academicdishonesty”)• It backs you up on whatever measure you take• It will prevent the student from doing it again (howmany times can it be “the first time” if we neverreport?)• If it was not on purpose or it was not serious, it willNOT hurt the student (the instructor decides on thepenalty imposed)• It is the best way to discover “repeat offenders”
    • The process (cont.)• Faculty members have a responsibility to report to the Office of ConflictResolution and Student Conduct Services all cases of academic dishonestyin which a penalty is imposed. Incidents which the faculty memberconsiders major infractions (such as those resulting in the reduction of acourse grade or failure of a course) should be accompanied by arecommendation that a hearing be conducted to determine whetheradditional university disciplinary action should be taken. If the studentdisputes the decision of the faculty member regarding alleged academicdishonesty, he or she may request a Hearing with the Office of ConflictResolution and Student Conduct Services. The request must be submittedor postmarked, if mailed, no later than 30 calendar days after the first dayof classes of the next regular semester following the date the grade forthe course was recorded. If no appeal is filed within this time period, thedecision of the faculty member shall be final.• Usually an email to the student with copy to Ron Hicks stating thesummary and outcome of the situation is enoughhttp://facultycouncil.colostate.edu/files/manual/sectioni.htm
    • The processFaculty members are expected to use reasonably practical means ofpreventing and detecting academic dishonesty. If a faculty member hasevidence that a student has engaged in an act of academic dishonesty, thefaculty member will notify the student of the concern and make anappointment to discuss the allegations with the student. The student willbe given the opportunity to give his or her position on the matter. If thestudent admits to engaging in academic dishonesty or if the facultymember judges that the preponderance of evidence supports theallegation of academic dishonesty, the faculty member may then assignan academic penalty. Examples of academic penalties include assigning areduced grade for the work, a failing grade in the course, or other lesserpenalty as the faculty member deems appropriate.http://facultycouncil.colostate.edu/files/manual/sectioni.htm
    • VAIL (Virtual Academic IntegrityLaboratory)• http://www-apps.umuc.edu/vailtutor/index.html
    • Conclusion• Most of the times we have to distinguishbetween intentional cheating/plagiarizing orpoor source handling• Reporting (even the first time) will help (evenif they did not do it on purpose)• Better than playing detective, we should doeverything in our hands to PREVENT thesesituations from happening by being specificwith our assignments and telling them that weknow
    • Contact info• Maite.correa@colostate.edu• FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES• CLARK C113