Tsunami

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Tsunami

  1. 1. Tsunami <br />The Most Destructive Cataclysm<br />Presented By:- Manisha Keim(X –C)<br />
  2. 2. What’s a Tsunami?<br />A Japanese word with English translation, "harbor wave."<br />“Tsu” means harbour, “nami” means waves<br />Scientifically it is called “Seismic Sea Waves” as seismic is the word related with earthquake generating mechanism<br />Also known as “ Tidal Waves” by the general public, which is a misnomer.<br />
  3. 3. View of a Tsunami Taken By A Satellite<br />
  4. 4. Generation Of Tsunamis<br /> A Tsunami is generated when a large amount of water is displaced which is done-:<br />Mainly By The Earthquakes.<br />By The Landslides.<br />By Volcanic Eruptions.<br />By Impact Events like Meteorite impacts<br />
  5. 5. Earthquakes – The Major Cause<br />The Sea floor abruptly deforms and displaces the sea water lying above.<br />Large vertical movements of earth's crust can occur at plate boundaries which are called “faults”.<br />
  6. 6. Why It’s Destructive?<br />Tsunamis may reach a maximum vertical height onshore above sea level, often called a run up height, of 10, 20, and even 30 meters.<br />For a typical ocean Depth of 4000m, a tsunami moves with a speed about 700km/hr.<br />The fast-moving water associated with the inundating tsunami can crush homes and other coastal structures.<br />
  7. 7. The Tsunami Affected Countries<br />
  8. 8. The Tsunami Affected Countries<br />
  9. 9. Signs Of An Approaching Tsunami<br />Often no advance warning of an approaching Tsunami<br />An earthquake felt near a body of water may be considered an indication that a tsunami will shortly follow.<br />
  10. 10. Warnings And Prevention<br />Early warnings come from the nearby animals as they sense danger and flee to higher grounds.<br />Tsunami walls for the reduction in the damage.<br />Tsunami warning system alert the people before the wave reaches the shore<br />
  11. 11. IMPACTS OF 2004 TSUNAMI<br />Loss of human life<br />shortage of food and drinking water <br />damage of the infrastructure<br />spreading of diseases<br />economic damage such as fishing business, tourism, shipping<br />environmental impact for many years on ground water , soil and ecosystem<br />
  12. 12. The Destruction Of Tsunami<br />Tsunami death toll tops 118,000.<br />Around 10,000 killed in India.<br />In Thailand, more than 4,000 are feared dead and dozens of deaths are reported in Malaysia, Myanmar and Maldives.<br />WHO estimates five million people are without basic needs.<br />
  13. 13. Calong, A land of 13,000 “ vaporized” by Tsunami<br />
  14. 14. The Tsunami That Struck Thailand<br />On<br />December 26, 2004<br />
  15. 15. The Islamic Relief<br />Responded to the emergency in hours.<br />Building enough homes to accommodate five families a week.<br />Highly successful because of the close and constant involvement of the affected communities.<br />Still working for the betterment of the victims.<br />
  16. 16. Relief Works In India <br />Donations done under the Prime Minister Relief Fund.<br />Rice, mats, medicines were provided.<br />ITC distributed over 1 lakh shirts to the victims.<br />New houses were provided.<br />
  17. 17. Still Waiting……… Tsunami Recovery: 2 Years Later<br />Life in Indonesia is still abnormal.<br />People are waiting for the relief funds for their betterment.<br />
  18. 18. MALDIVES<br />THAILAND<br />SRI LANKA<br />INDONESIA<br />
  19. 19. The End<br />Presented By:-<br />Manisha Keim <br />X-C (09)<br />

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