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INTRODUCTION• Nowadays there is tremendous increase in population and vehicles. As we know that we are using conventional fuels which are available in limited amount.• These days we are suffering from increasing fuel prices and maintenance, here a device called ‘FUEL ENERGIZER’ help us to Reduce Petrol/Diesel/Cooking gas consumption up to28%, or in other words this would equal to buying the fuel up to 28% cheaper prices and reduce the maintenance of vehicle.
NEED OF FUEL ENERGIZER• Today’s hydrocarbon fuels (octane, methane) leaves a natural deposit of carbon residue that clogs carburetor, fuel injector, leading to reduced efficiency, wasted fuel, loss of horsepower and greatly decreased mileage on cars.• Most emission from motor vehicle consists of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen. Nitrogen react in the atmosphere and create smog.• Smog is prime cause of eye and throat irritation, noxious smell, plat damage and decreased visibility.
INSTALLATION OF FUEL ENERGIZERMagnetizer fuel energizer (e.g.:- Neodymium superconductor – NSCM) is installed on cars, trucksimmediately before carburetor or injector on fuel line.On home cooking gas system it is installed just beforeburner.Magnetizer fuel energizer costs around Rs.1500 to 3000.
WORKING OF FUEL ENERGIZER• Fuel for an internal combustion engine is composed of a set of molecules.• Each molecule consists of a number of atoms made up from a nucleus and electrons which orbit around their nucleus.• Magnetic movements exist in their molecules and therefore they have positive and negative electrical charges.
•The ionization and realignment is achieved through theapplication of magnetic field created by ‘FuelEnergizer’.
•when fuel flows through a magnetic field, thehydrocarbon change their orientation and molecules ofhydrocarbon change their configuration.•Inter molecular force is considerably reduced. Thesemechanism helps to disperse oil particles and to becomefinely divided.•This has the effect of ensuring that fuel activelyinterlocks with oxygen producing a more complete burnin the combustion chamber.
•This has the effect of ensuring that fuel activelyinterlocks with oxygen producing a more complete burn inthe combustion chamber.•The result is higher engine output, better fuel economyand a reduction in the hydrocarbons, carbon monoxideand oxides of nitrogen that are emitted through theexhaust.•The ionization of the fuel also helps to dissolve thecarbon build-up in carburetor jets, fuel injectors andcombustion chambers, thereby keeping the engine in acleaner condition.
THE MAGNETIZER & HYDROCARBON FUEL• The simplest of hydrocarbons, methane (CH4) is the major (90%) constituent of natural gas (fuel) and an important source of hydrogen.• From the energy point of view, the greatest amount of releasable energy lies in the hydrogen atom.• In octane the carbon content of the molecule is 84.2%.When combusted, the carbon portion of the molecule will generate 12,244 BTU (per pound of carbon).• On the other hand, the hydrogen, will generate an amazing 9,801 BTU of heat per pound of hydrogen.
•Hydrogen, the lightest and most basic element knownto man, is the major constituent of hydrocarbon fuels.• It has one positive charge (proton) and one negativecharge (electron), i.e. It possesses a dipole moment.•It can be either diamagnetic or paramagneticdepending on the relative orientation of its nucleusspins.•It occurs in two distinct isomeric varieties (forms) -para and ortho. It is characterized by the differentopposite nucleus spins.
THE MAGNETIZERNeodymium magnet, also known as ndfeb ,NIB, or neo magnet,the most widely used type of rare-earth magnet, is a permanentmagnet made from an alloy of neodymium, iron, and boron to formthe nd2fe14b tetragonal crystalline structure.Developed in 1982 by general motors , neodymium magnets are thestrongest type of permanent magnet made. They have replaced othertypes of magnet in the many applications in modern products thatrequire strong permanent magnets.
MAGNETIZER ALLOW TO MEET THE REQUIRMENTS AS FALLOWS• Rule 1: Unburned hydrocarbon (HC) as well as carbon monoxide (CO) emitted from a vehicles can be viewed as the additional fuel reserve, since, if proper conditions are met, HC & CO can be further burned in the combustion chamber. Therefore, creating such proper combustion conditions is paramount.• Rule 2: Hydrogen chemical reaction, is affected by a magnetic field since proper magnets are the prime source of control of the position of electrons.• Rule 3: The application of a proper magnetic field enforces beneficial changes in fuel structure and enhances its general reactivity in the combustion process.• Rule 4: If a hydrocarbon molecule could better bind with oxygen molecules (be more completely oxidized), then the toxicity of fumes would be considerably limited and in principle, one could dispense with catalytic converters.
A COMPARISON BETWEEN A CATALYTIC CONVERTER AND THE "MAGNETIZER":• Most catalytic converters require air pumps to initiate catalysis. Air pumps rob power from the engine, reduce fuel economy, and are costly to install.• Catalytic converters with air pumps reduce gas mileage - the Magnetizer increases gas mileage and performance.• The Magnetizer can easily be transferred from car to car with almost no labor. Converters cannot.
• Since catalytic converters reduce power and eventually go bad, they are subject to being removed.• The Magnetizer is totally friendly to the environment. The converter is not fully so. The traces of oil that escape to exhaust can destroy the action of a converter .• The Magnetizer units cost a fraction of the cost of the catalytic converter system.
The tests that were carried out were on thefollowing sizes of engine: 4.7 liter V-Tec 8cylinder, and a 2.2 liter 4 cylinder. Test Without Test With The Particulars The N.S.C.M. N.S.C.M. Difference Total Hydrocarbons (THC) 0.016 0.01 -37.50% Carbon monoxide (CO) 0.016 0.014 -12.50% Nitrous Oxide (NOx) 0.115 0.005 -95.60% Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 461.73 362.19 -21.50% Non Methane Hydro(NMHC) 0.013 0.006 -53.80% Miles Per Gallon (MPG) 19.35 24.66 27.44%
These tests were done over a twenty five day periodand 2,962 kilometers. From the above it is evident thatan overall reduction in harmful emission of more than40% is achieved by installing the Fuel Energizer.
Benefits of Magnetizer• No tools needed.• Lasts forever, simply remove from old car & install on new car.• Will pay for itself in only a few months in fuel savings alone.• Users report 10-20% fuel savings.• Increased acceleration.• A smoother running engine.
• Get high octane performance from regular gasoline.• Cleans and prevents carbon and varnish buildup.• Engines run smoother and cooler with more power.• No scale, no rust or corrosion, efficient cooling.• Easy to install even for those with no automotive experience.• 85% average reduction in emissions.• Receive the entire magnetizer system for one low price.
APPLICATIONThe fuel energizer has wide range of applications some of them are as follow:• In four wheeler: Cars, Buses, Trucks.• In two wheeler: Scooters, Motorcycles.• Heavy machines: Locomotive /Trains, Earthmoving equipments and construction equipments.• Home appliances: Gas Cylinder.
CONCLUSION• By establishing correct fuel burning parameters through proper magnetic means (Fuel Energizer) we can assume that an internal combustion engine is getting maximum energy per liter.• Vehicle with lowest possible level toxic emission.• It helps to save the fuel upto 28%.• It reduces the maintenance of vehicle.