Fire Fighting  in High-rise Buildings & Branches Ranjeet Kumar, Manager (Fire)
Fire Fighting in High Rise Buildings
High-rise building <ul><li>For the purpose of Fire Safety, all buildings 15 m or above in height shall be considered as hi...
Fire Safety Challenges <ul><li>Modern Open-floor Office Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cubicle Work Stations </li></ul></ul>...
More Challenges <ul><li>Access only through internal staircase beyond aerial apparatus reach </li></ul><ul><li>Staircases ...
Preparedness <ul><li>Safe Operating Procedures (SOP) </li></ul><ul><li>Staff Members Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Mock Dril...
Fire Fighting Requirements NR J+2M+D 20000 200000 R >30m NR J+2M+D 20000 100000 R 24m – 30m NR J+M+D 10000 75000 R 15m – 2...
Safe Operating Procedure <ul><li>Identification of Key Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Level of response </li></ul><ul><li>Acc...
Fire Fighting <ul><li>Assessing Fire Scene </li></ul><ul><li>Attacking Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby Control </li></ul><ul>...
Assessing a Fire Scene <ul><li>Seat of fire </li></ul><ul><li>How will access be attained? </li></ul><ul><li>Lay-out of bu...
Attacking a Fire <ul><li>Identify fire floor </li></ul><ul><li>Attack on fire floor </li></ul><ul><li>Life safety of perso...
Lobby Control <ul><li>Evacuation through lobby area </li></ul><ul><li>Instructions on PA System </li></ul><ul><li>Accounta...
Ventilation <ul><li>Shut-down HVAC </li></ul><ul><li>Stairwell Pressurisation </li></ul><ul><li>Creating opening at top as...
Checks / Precautions <ul><li>Fire Fighting System in place & maintained (Extinguisher, Riser, Fire Alarm)  </li></ul><ul><...
Checks / Precautions <ul><li>Key personnel identified and informed as per SOP </li></ul><ul><li>Refuge Area / Horizontal E...
Fire Fighting in Branches
Challenges at Bank Branch <ul><li>Premises Location </li></ul><ul><li>Branch Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Visitors </li></ul><...
Preparedness at Branch <ul><li>Fire Safety Awareness / Mock Drills </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-active Fire Prevention Steps </li...
Electrical Safety <ul><li>Electrical Load within sanctioned load. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution as per usage like Lightin...
Checks / Precautions <ul><li>Location / Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Extinguisher / Fire Alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Ope...
THANK YOU. Be Safe Everyday  Let Safety Lead the Way
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Highrise

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Fire Safety in High Rise Buildings

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Highrise

  1. 1. Fire Fighting in High-rise Buildings & Branches Ranjeet Kumar, Manager (Fire)
  2. 2. Fire Fighting in High Rise Buildings
  3. 3. High-rise building <ul><li>For the purpose of Fire Safety, all buildings 15 m or above in height shall be considered as high rise buildings (National Building Code of India 2005). </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Safety in High Rise Buildings are implemented as per the requirement specified in by-laws of Local Govt. bodies in respect of High Rise Building. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fire Safety Challenges <ul><li>Modern Open-floor Office Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cubicle Work Stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dwarf Partitions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Movement of smoke within building – Stack Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Central Air Conditioning System </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in Reaching the Fire Seat </li></ul><ul><li>Upper floors evacuation only from inside </li></ul>
  5. 5. More Challenges <ul><li>Access only through internal staircase beyond aerial apparatus reach </li></ul><ul><li>Staircases is availed by fire-fighters and occupants simultaneously. </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation is complicated and critical. </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction time is higher. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication can be difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of in-built protection system </li></ul>
  6. 6. Preparedness <ul><li>Safe Operating Procedures (SOP) </li></ul><ul><li>Staff Members Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Mock Drills </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Protection System </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation Facility </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Resources </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fire Fighting Requirements NR J+2M+D 20000 200000 R >30m NR J+2M+D 20000 100000 R 24m – 30m NR J+M+D 10000 75000 R 15m – 24m R J+M+D 5000 50000 R 10m – 15m R NR 10000 NR NR <10m Ter-P (2.0 P) U/G-P (3.5 P) Ter-T U/G-T FAS
  8. 8. Safe Operating Procedure <ul><li>Identification of Key Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Level of response </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation & Rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Elevators / Stairwells / Ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Fire protection systems </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fire Fighting <ul><li>Assessing Fire Scene </li></ul><ul><li>Attacking Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby Control </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assessing a Fire Scene <ul><li>Seat of fire </li></ul><ul><li>How will access be attained? </li></ul><ul><li>Lay-out of building – stair / elevators </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Hydrants – wet or dry? </li></ul><ul><li>equipment to mitigate scene </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation (Search & Rescue) Plan </li></ul>
  11. 11. Attacking a Fire <ul><li>Identify fire floor </li></ul><ul><li>Attack on fire floor </li></ul><ul><li>Life safety of persons in immediate danger </li></ul><ul><li>Additional resources </li></ul><ul><li>Establish support system </li></ul>
  12. 12. Lobby Control <ul><li>Evacuation through lobby area </li></ul><ul><li>Instructions on PA System </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability list of fire fighting personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Building floor plans / keys </li></ul><ul><li>Locating technical staff </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring audio visual alarms </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ventilation <ul><li>Shut-down HVAC </li></ul><ul><li>Stairwell Pressurisation </li></ul><ul><li>Creating opening at top as necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal ventilation – breaking out window </li></ul>
  14. 14. Checks / Precautions <ul><li>Fire Fighting System in place & maintained (Extinguisher, Riser, Fire Alarm) </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Operating Procedure (SOP) in place </li></ul><ul><li>Staff members aware of fire fighting systems & SOPs </li></ul><ul><li>Staircase / Lift Lobby free from any blockade </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby pressurization, if enclosed </li></ul><ul><li>HVAC Shut-off in case of Fire </li></ul>
  15. 15. Checks / Precautions <ul><li>Key personnel identified and informed as per SOP </li></ul><ul><li>Refuge Area / Horizontal Exit </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly Point </li></ul><ul><li>Mock Drill rehearsed </li></ul><ul><li>NOC obtained from Municipal body </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Control Room - Communication </li></ul>
  16. 16. Fire Fighting in Branches
  17. 17. Challenges at Bank Branch <ul><li>Premises Location </li></ul><ul><li>Branch Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Ambience </li></ul><ul><li>Fuels in form of papers </li></ul><ul><li>24 X 7 Power Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanned at Night </li></ul>
  18. 18. Preparedness at Branch <ul><li>Fire Safety Awareness / Mock Drills </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-active Fire Prevention Steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Smoking, Access Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fire Protection System / Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Extinguishers, Smoke Detectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inspection/testing of fire protection system </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Action Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Business Continuity </li></ul>
  19. 19. Electrical Safety <ul><li>Electrical Load within sanctioned load. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution as per usage like Lighting, Air-conditioner, UPS. </li></ul><ul><li>Circuit Breaker for each distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Circuit Breaker for each Air-conditioner </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation / Cooling to the UPS. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Checks / Precautions <ul><li>Location / Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Extinguisher / Fire Alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Operating Procedure (SOP) as per Business Continuity Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Staff members aware of fire extinguisher operations & SOPs </li></ul><ul><li>Exit free from any blockade </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Audit & Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Facility </li></ul>
  21. 21. THANK YOU. Be Safe Everyday Let Safety Lead the Way
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