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Fire Safety in High Rise Buildings

Fire Safety in High Rise Buildings

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  • Thanks Mr Ranjeet for very good preso. It came handy for basic understanding for our new software product design. We are in search of Fire Officer's typical fire audits if you have any please let us know on my mail ID - hitesht@cniits.com
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  • dear sir please i need Fire PPT and video plzz help me out my number is 08867737933 ... nawazkhan09@gmail.com
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  • U can download this ppt from the link download. In case of any problem send an email to me at ranjeet@firesafetyindia.in, i would forward the ppt
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  • 1. Fire Fighting in High-rise Buildings & Branches Ranjeet Kumar, Manager (Fire)
  • 2. Fire Fighting in High Rise Buildings
  • 3. High-rise building
    • For the purpose of Fire Safety, all buildings 15 m or above in height shall be considered as high rise buildings (National Building Code of India 2005).
    • Fire Safety in High Rise Buildings are implemented as per the requirement specified in by-laws of Local Govt. bodies in respect of High Rise Building.
  • 4. Fire Safety Challenges
    • Modern Open-floor Office Design
      • Cubicle Work Stations
      • Dwarf Partitions
    • Movement of smoke within building – Stack Effect
    • Central Air Conditioning System
    • Difficulty in Reaching the Fire Seat
    • Upper floors evacuation only from inside
  • 5. More Challenges
    • Access only through internal staircase beyond aerial apparatus reach
    • Staircases is availed by fire-fighters and occupants simultaneously.
    • Ventilation is complicated and critical.
    • Reaction time is higher.
    • Communication can be difficult
    • Maintenance of in-built protection system
  • 6. Preparedness
    • Safe Operating Procedures (SOP)
    • Staff Members Awareness
    • Mock Drills
    • Fire Prevention Procedures
    • Fire Protection System
    • Evacuation Facility
    • Additional Resources
  • 7. Fire Fighting Requirements NR J+2M+D 20000 200000 R >30m NR J+2M+D 20000 100000 R 24m – 30m NR J+M+D 10000 75000 R 15m – 24m R J+M+D 5000 50000 R 10m – 15m R NR 10000 NR NR <10m Ter-P (2.0 P) U/G-P (3.5 P) Ter-T U/G-T FAS
  • 8. Safe Operating Procedure
    • Identification of Key Personnel
    • Level of response
    • Accountability
    • Safety
    • Evacuation & Rescue
    • Elevators / Stairwells / Ventilation
    • Fire protection systems
  • 9. Fire Fighting
    • Assessing Fire Scene
    • Attacking Fire
    • Lobby Control
    • Ventilation
  • 10. Assessing a Fire Scene
    • Seat of fire
    • How will access be attained?
    • Lay-out of building – stair / elevators
    • Fire Hydrants – wet or dry?
    • equipment to mitigate scene
    • Ventilation
    • Evacuation (Search & Rescue) Plan
  • 11. Attacking a Fire
    • Identify fire floor
    • Attack on fire floor
    • Life safety of persons in immediate danger
    • Additional resources
    • Establish support system
  • 12. Lobby Control
    • Evacuation through lobby area
    • Instructions on PA System
    • Accountability list of fire fighting personnel
    • Building floor plans / keys
    • Locating technical staff
    • Monitoring audio visual alarms
  • 13. Ventilation
    • Shut-down HVAC
    • Stairwell Pressurisation
    • Creating opening at top as necessary
    • Horizontal ventilation – breaking out window
  • 14. Checks / Precautions
    • Fire Fighting System in place & maintained (Extinguisher, Riser, Fire Alarm)
    • Safe Operating Procedure (SOP) in place
    • Staff members aware of fire fighting systems & SOPs
    • Staircase / Lift Lobby free from any blockade
    • Lobby pressurization, if enclosed
    • HVAC Shut-off in case of Fire
  • 15. Checks / Precautions
    • Key personnel identified and informed as per SOP
    • Refuge Area / Horizontal Exit
    • Assembly Point
    • Mock Drill rehearsed
    • NOC obtained from Municipal body
    • Fire Control Room - Communication
  • 16. Fire Fighting in Branches
  • 17. Challenges at Bank Branch
    • Premises Location
    • Branch Layout
    • Visitors
    • Ambience
    • Fuels in form of papers
    • 24 X 7 Power Supply
    • Unmanned at Night
  • 18. Preparedness at Branch
    • Fire Safety Awareness / Mock Drills
    • Pro-active Fire Prevention Steps
      • No Smoking, Access Control
    • Fire Protection System / Equipment
      • Fire Extinguishers, Smoke Detectors
    • Inspection/testing of fire protection system
    • Emergency Action Plan
    • Business Continuity
  • 19. Electrical Safety
    • Electrical Load within sanctioned load.
    • Distribution as per usage like Lighting, Air-conditioner, UPS.
    • Circuit Breaker for each distribution.
    • Circuit Breaker for each Air-conditioner
    • Ventilation / Cooling to the UPS.
  • 20. Checks / Precautions
    • Location / Layout
    • Fire Extinguisher / Fire Alarm
    • Safe Operating Procedure (SOP) as per Business Continuity Plan
    • Staff members aware of fire extinguisher operations & SOPs
    • Exit free from any blockade
    • Electrical Safety
    • Electrical Audit & Compliance
    • Communication Facility
  • 21. THANK YOU. Be Safe Everyday Let Safety Lead the Way