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Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
Australasia
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Australasia

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  • 1. Australasia
  • 2. Team Members – Group 5 Section A <ul><li>Aksh Gill – 0811004 </li></ul><ul><li>Amit Kishore Gupta – 0811007 </li></ul><ul><li>C. Shivani – 0811019 </li></ul><ul><li>Hardik Shah – 0811027 </li></ul><ul><li>Jyoti K – 0811028 </li></ul><ul><li>Kumari Poonam – 0811031 </li></ul><ul><li>Nikhil Gupta – 0811037 </li></ul>
  • 3. Oceania <ul><li>Oceania is the region of numerous lands, mostly islands in the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>Sub regions:- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Melanesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australasia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micronesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polynesia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coined by French explorer Dumont d’ Urville in 1831. </li></ul>
  • 4. Australasia <ul><li>Australasia is a region of Oceania: New Zealand, Australia, and neighboring islands in the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>Coined by Charles de Brosses in 1756. </li></ul><ul><li>Geopolitically, Australasia is sometimes used as a term for New Zealand and Australia together; Sometimes Papua New Guinea is encompassed by the term. </li></ul>
  • 5. Australia
  • 6. Background <ul><li>Aboriginal settlers arrived from south east Asia about 40,000 years back. </li></ul><ul><li>Capt. James Cook took possession in the name of the Great Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1901, became the Commonwealth of Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>Recently transformed into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns – Depletion of the ozone layer, more frequent droughts, management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef . </li></ul>
  • 7. Geography <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceania, Australasia, Continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geographic coordinates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>27 00 S, 133 00 E. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 7,686,850 sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land : 7,617,930 sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water : 68,920 sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land Boundaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0 km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coastline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25,760 km </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Terrain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elevation Extremes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest point : Lake Eyre -15 m H ighest point : Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bauxite, Coal, Iron ore, Copper, Tin, Gold, Silver, Uranium, Nickel, Tungsten, Mineral sands, Lead, Zinc, Diamonds, Natural gas, Petroleum. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arable land : 6.15% (includes about 27 million hectares of cultivated grassland) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent crops : 0.04% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other : 93.81% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irrigated Land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25,450 sq km. </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Total Renewable resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>398 cu km. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fresh Water resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>total : 24.06 cu km/yr (15%/10%/75%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>per capita : 1,193 cu m/yr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyclones along the coast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe droughts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest fires. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environment – Current Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil salinity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desertification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threat to Great Barrier Reef </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited natural fresh water resources </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. People <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20,600,856 (July 2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Age Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0-14 years : 19.1% (male 2,014,230/female 1,920,604) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15-64 years : 67.5% (male 7,005,588/female 6,895,817) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 years and over : 13.4% (male 1,226,432/female 1,538,185) (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Median Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 37.4 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male : 36.6 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female : 38.3 years (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population Growth Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0.801% (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>Birth Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11.9 births/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Death Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7.62 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Net Migration Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sex Ratio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At birth : 1.05 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under 15 years : 1.05 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15-64 years : 1.02 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 years and over : 0.8 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total population : 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infant Mortality Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 4.51 deaths/1,000 live births </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male : 4.89 deaths/1,000 live births </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female : 4.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life Expectancy at birth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total population : 80.73 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male : 77.86 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female : 83.75 years (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>Ethnic Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White 92% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian 7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aboriginal and other 1% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic 26.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anglican 20.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Christian 20.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhist 1.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim 1.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other 1.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unspecified 12.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>None 15.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English 79.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese 2.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian 1.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other 11.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unspecified 5.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total population: 99% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male: 99% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female: 99% </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Diaspora <ul><li>Indian Australians are Australian citizens residents of Indian origin. </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest growing ethnic group in Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 24% of population is of immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1981-2000, Asian Born population increased from 2,76,000 to over a million. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005-2006,India was the fourth major source of permanent migrants to Australia. </li></ul>
  • 14. Context <ul><li>Dates back to 19 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhs and Muslims initially entered as operators of camel trains. </li></ul><ul><li>Three Waves of Migration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Wave – Large Flow from Jalandhar. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Wave – Population rose from 7,500 to 29,212. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Wave – Declaration of Whitlam Labour Government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africanisation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constituent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States with largest Indian born residents are New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant population of Punjabis among Immigrants. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transnational Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvement in Socio Cultural Activities and Political Channels. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transnational TV channels like reminiscent and regional channels. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Networks </li></ul>
  • 15. Facts <ul><li>Making tangible contribution for enhancing bilateral links. </li></ul><ul><li>External affair minister Mr.Pranab Mukherjee called for youth exchange in various fields to take bilateral partnership forward. </li></ul><ul><li>India is the third largest source of international immigrants, second largest source of skilled migrants and international students. </li></ul><ul><li>Young Indians strengthening the Australian economy 15865 professionals. </li></ul>
  • 16. Government <ul><li>Government Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>federal parliamentary democracy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Administrative Divisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 states and 2 territories *; Australian Capital Territory*, New South Wales, Northern Territory*, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norfolk Island, Macquarie Island </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 January 1901 (federation of UK colonies) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9 July 1900, effective 1 January 1901. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief of state : Queen of Australia ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Michael JEFFERY (since 11 August 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head of government : Prime Minister Kevin RUDD (since 3 December 2007); Deputy Prime Minister Julia GILLARD (since 3 December 2007) </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Economy <ul><li>Currency – Australian Dollar . </li></ul><ul><li>GDP – Around A$1 trillion (2007-2008). </li></ul><ul><li>GDP Growth rate – 3.9%. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per capita – $32,900. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural 3.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry 26.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services 70% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labour Force – 10.66 million </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation – 4.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment – 4.3% </li></ul><ul><li>Main Industries. </li></ul>
  • 18. <ul><li>Exports – A$215.8 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Exports goods – Coal, Gold, Meat Wool, Alumina, Iron Ore, Wheat, Machinery and Transport equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Main export partners – Japan 20.3%, China 11.5%, South Korea 7.9%, US 6.7%, New Zealand 6.5%, India 5%. </li></ul><ul><li>Imports – A$227.8 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Import goods – Machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunications equipments and parts, crude oil and petroleum products. </li></ul><ul><li>Main import partners – US 13.9%, China 13.7%, Japan 11%, Singapore 5.6%, Germany 5.6%. </li></ul>
  • 19. Bilateral Relations with India <ul><li>Started in 1801. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant increase in trade turnover between two countries every corresponding year. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Exports to Australia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gems, pearls, and jewelry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals and its by products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leather, leather goods, footwear, and travel goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering goods and manufactures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textile, clothing, and make up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Australian Exports to India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copper and copper ores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non- monetary gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fresh vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silver, zinc, platinum, and aluminum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indian IT Exports to Australia </li></ul><ul><li>India Australia tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Australia India Business Council </li></ul><ul><li>Higher education in Australia for Indian students </li></ul>
  • 20. Indian Companies invested in Australia <ul><li>Sterlite Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Oswal group </li></ul><ul><li>Oberoi Hotels International </li></ul><ul><li>Asian paints </li></ul><ul><li>Aditya Birla Group </li></ul><ul><li>Indian IT companies which have set up there offices in Australia are: </li></ul><ul><li>Infosys </li></ul><ul><li>NIIT </li></ul><ul><li>TCS </li></ul><ul><li>Kale Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Fujitsu </li></ul><ul><li>Pentafour </li></ul><ul><li>Satyam </li></ul><ul><li>Aptech </li></ul><ul><li>Polaris </li></ul>
  • 21. The key areas of interest to Australian investors <ul><li>Mining Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role in developing the wealth of Indian states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas with highest potential for collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bio Technological Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong strategic science with India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AISRF (Australia-India Strategic Research Fund) designed for the development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A$ 20m over 5 years to AISRF to support joint research project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Farm Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demanding flexible policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australian stake holder have offers regarding to farming method, cropping pattern and developing varieties of crop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educational Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Australian VET system provides a broad range of learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tourism Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India is one of the fastest growing market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006-07 tourism growth rate increased by 11% </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. <ul><li>Information and Communication Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major Indian ICT companies like TCS, Infosys etc. are active in Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NIIT has strong partnership with Australian Consulting Companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food Processing Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Australian fruit is finding place in India’s store shelf – Citrus fruit, Plums, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australia has potential to sell its cheese, wine etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engineering Process Outsourcing Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India is fast becoming a major EPO destination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Auto component Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large investments from major original equipment manufacturers (OEM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Australia reserves 40% of worlds total Nuclear energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India can get Uranium from Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clean Development Technology Sector </li></ul>
  • 23. Transportation <ul><li>Airports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With paved runways - 317 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With unpaved runways - 144 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pipelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condensate/gas 469 km; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas 26,719 km; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid petroleum gas 240 km; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil 3,720 km; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil/gas/water 110 km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Railways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 38,550 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad gauge : 3,727 km 1.600-m gauge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard gauge : 20,519 km 1.435-m gauge (1,877 km electrified) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow gauge : 14,074 km 1.067-m gauge (2,453 km electrified) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dual gauge : 230 km dual gauge </li></ul></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>Roadways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 812,972 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paved : 341,448 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unpaved : 471,524 km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Waterways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2,000 km (mainly used for recreation on Murray and Murray-Darling river systems) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Merchant Marine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 52 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,296,383 GRT/1,490,539 DWT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By type : bulk carrier 13, cargo 6, chemical tanker 1, container 1, liquefied gas 4, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 8, roll on/roll off 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign-owned : 24 (Canada 9, France 1, Germany 2, Japan 1, Netherlands 2, Norway 1, Singapore 1, UK 5, US 2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Registered in other countries : 34 (Antigua and Barbuda 1, Bahamas 1, Bermuda 2, Dominica 2, Fiji 1, Marshall Islands 2, NZ 1, Panama 4, Singapore 11, Tonga 1, Tuvalu 1, UK 3, US 2, Vanuatu 2) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ports and Terminals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brisbane, Dampier, Fremantle, Gladstone, Hay Point, Melbourne, Newcastle, Port Hedland, Port Kembla, Port Walcott, Sydney. </li></ul></ul>
  • 25. New Zealand
  • 26. New Zealand - Background <ul><li>The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1840, The Treaty of Waitangi. </li></ul><ul><li>In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. </li></ul><ul><li>The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. </li></ul><ul><li>In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances. </li></ul>
  • 27. Geography <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceania, Australasia, Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, Southeast of Australia. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geographic Coordinates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>41 00 S, 174 00 E </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 268,680 sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land : 268,021 sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water : NA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coastline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15,134 km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperate with sharp regional contrasts. </li></ul></ul>
  • 28. <ul><li>Terrain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elevation Extremes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highest point: Aoraki-Mount Cook 3,754 m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural gas, Iron ore, Sand, Coal, Timber, Hydropower, Gold, Limestone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arable land: 5.54% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent crops: 6.92% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other: 87.54% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irrigated Land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2,850 sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; Volcanic activity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environment Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deforestation; Soil erosion; Native flora and fauna hard-hit by invasive species. </li></ul></ul>
  • 29. People <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4,173,460 (July 2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Age Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0-14 years : 20.9% (male 446,883/female 424,240) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15-64 years : 66.5% (male 1,390,669/female 1,385,686) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 years and over : 12.6% (male 238,560/female 287,422) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Median Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 36.3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male : 35.6 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female : 37.1 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population Growth Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0.971% (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  • 30. <ul><li>Birth Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14.09 births/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Death Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Net Migration Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sex Ratio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At birth : 1.05 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under 15 years : 1.05 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15-64 years : 1 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 years and over : 0.83 male(s)/female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total population : 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infant Mortality Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 4.99 deaths/1,000 live births </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male : 5.62 deaths/1,000 live births </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female : 4.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life Expectancy at birth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total population : 80.24 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male : 78.33 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female : 82.25 years (2008 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  • 31. <ul><li>Ethnic Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European 69.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maori 7.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian 5.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pacific islander 4.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other 0.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mixed 7.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unspecified 3.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anglican 14.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Catholic 12.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presbyterian 10.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodist 2.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pentecostal 1.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baptist 1.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other Christian 9.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other 3.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unspecified 17.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>none 26% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English (official) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maori (official) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign Language (official) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total population : 99% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male : 99% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female : 99% </li></ul></ul>
  • 32. Diaspora <ul><li>Arrival before 1840 </li></ul><ul><li>Racism and official opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s influence </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration policy </li></ul><ul><li>Indo Kiwi </li></ul><ul><li>Regions with significant population </li></ul><ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><li>Religion – Worshipping together </li></ul><ul><li>Home and Family </li></ul><ul><li>Unity and Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Bollywood in New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Arts and Sports </li></ul>
  • 33. Government <ul><li>Government Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Administrative Divisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16 regions and 1 territory*; Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Canterbury, Chatham Islands*, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui, Marlborough, Nelson, Northland, Otago, Southland, Taranaki, Tasman, Waikato, Wellington, West Coast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 September 1907 (from UK) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consists of a series of legal documents, including certain acts of the UK and New Zealand Parliaments, as well as The Constitution Act 1986, which is the principal formal charter; adopted 1 January 1987, effective 1 January 1987. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief of state : Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head of government : Prime Minister Helen CLARK (since 10 December 1999); Deputy Prime Minister Michael CULLEN (since July 2002) </li></ul></ul>
  • 34. Economy <ul><li>Currency – New Zealand Dollar. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP – $128.141 billion (2007 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP Growth rate – 3.0%. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per capita – $30,234. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural 4.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry 27.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services 68% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labour Force – 2.05 million </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation – 3.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment – 3.4% </li></ul><ul><li>Main Industries . </li></ul>
  • 35. <ul><li>Exports – $29.2 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Exports goods – tourism destination, dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery. </li></ul><ul><li>Main export partners – Australia 19.6%, U.S. 14.3%, Japan 11.4%, the People's Republic of China 6.3%, UK 5.1%. </li></ul><ul><li>Imports – $35.8 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Import goods – Machinery and equipment, vehicles and aircraft, Petroleum, Electronics, Textiles, Plastics. </li></ul><ul><li>Main import partners – Australia 28.6%, Japan 10.7%, U.S. 10%, the People's Republic of China 6.6%, Germany 4.2%, Singapore 4.1% . </li></ul>
  • 36. Bilateral Relations with India <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Film Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Merchandise Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Air Services </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Access Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Business Linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Defence </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand to India </li></ul><ul><li>India to New Zealand </li></ul>
  • 37. The key areas of interest to New Zealand investors <ul><li>Agricultural Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scope for bilateral corporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India is world’s largest milk producer & New Zealand is world-class food & beverage producer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tourism and Film Making </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India is no.1 film producer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2006-07 120 Indian crews have chosen New Zealand for their movies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India is one of the New Zealand’s core education market </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bio Technological Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India has 850 biotech companies & 100 national laboratories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wood Processing Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Zealand is a major supplier of forest product – Sawn timber, moulding, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information Technology Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Zealand ICT companies are making partnership with Indian companies for expanding the global network of Indian ICT business </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aviation sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India’s turnover is US$ 3.5billion & expected growth of 20% over the next five years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health Care Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World class hospitals & treatment at a fraction of what it costs in Europe & USA with comparable success rate & higher service level </li></ul></ul>
  • 38. Transportation <ul><li>Airports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With paved runways - 41 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With unpaved runways - 80 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pipelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condensate: 331 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas: 1,896 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid petroleum gas: 172 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil: 288 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refined products: 260 km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Railways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 4,128 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow gauge : 4,128 km 1.067-m gauge (506 km electrified) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roadways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 93,460 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paved : 60,303 km (includes 171 km of expressways) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unpaved : 33,157 km </li></ul></ul>
  • 39. <ul><li>Merchant Marine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total : 13 ships (1000 GRT or over) 135,325 GRT/126,527 DWT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By type : bulk carrier 3, cargo 2, chemical tanker 1, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign-owned : 3 (Australia 1, Germany 1, South Africa 1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Registered in other countries : 5 (Antigua and Barbuda 2, Cook Islands 1, France 1, UK 1) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ports and Terminals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Auckland, Lyttelton, Marsden Point, Tauranga, Wellington, Whangarei. </li></ul></ul>
  • 40. India’s Foreign Policy and Relations with Australia <ul><li>India - Its Part in Australia’s Foreign Policy Pre 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Early Bilateral Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Effect of NAM on Australia-India Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Warming of Australia-India Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Australia’s India Relations Post 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and Other Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>The Midnight Hour Report </li></ul><ul><li>Australia India - New Horizons Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Academic-Educational Links </li></ul><ul><li>Australia-India Complementarities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Cultural and Commercial Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing Issues - Economic, Political, Social, Cultural </li></ul>
  • 41. India and New Zealand in the Asian Century <ul><li>Historic relationship </li></ul><ul><li>What has changed – India Rising </li></ul><ul><li>The Government’s response </li></ul><ul><li>Looking Ahead – taking the relationship forward </li></ul><ul><li>Defence Ties </li></ul>
  • 42. India’s Trade with Australia and New Zealand
  • 43. Source: Department of Commerce, India (Dated: 24/08/2008) -26,872,704.00 -20,399,100.00 -26,872,704.00 -20,399,100.00 India's Trade Balance 107,504.17       TRADE BALANCE 0.25 0.14 2.54 2.29 %Share 26.46 27.43 26.46 27.43 %Growth 141,228,560.00 111,682,676.00 141,228,560.00 111,682,676.00 India's Total Trade 119.26 59.72 40.54 25.08 %Growth 348,037.05 158,733.32 3,589,547.03 2,554,201.03 TOTAL TRADE 0.14 0.15 3.77 3.32 %Share 27.27 31.8 27.27 31.8 %Growth 84,050,632.00 66,040,888.00 84,050,632.00 66,040,888.00 India's Total Import 25.4 66.82 44.76 27.48 %Growth 120,266.44 95,909.48 3,171,090.00 2,190,614.75 IMPORT 0.4 0.14 0.73 0.8 %Share 25.28 21.6 25.28 21.6 %Growth 57,177,928.00 45,641,788.00 57,177,928.00 45,641,788.00 India's Total Export 262.55 49.99 15.09 12.35 %Growth 227,770.61 62,823.84 418,457.03 363,586.28 EXPORT 2006-2007 2005-2006 2006-2007 2005-2006 Year   NEW ZEALAND AUSTRALIA Values in Rs. Lacs
  • 44. Source: ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.
  • 45. Source: ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.
  • 46. New Zealand exports to and imports from India <ul><li>Wool </li></ul><ul><li>Logs </li></ul><ul><li>Butter </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep skin leather </li></ul><ul><li>Aluminum; waste and scrap </li></ul><ul><li>Ferrous waste and scrap </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery for sorting fruits and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Waste and scrap of paper and paperboard </li></ul><ul><li>Machine-tools </li></ul><ul><li>Fiberboard </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>Bed linen, table linen </li></ul><ul><li>Medicaments </li></ul><ul><li>Jewelery articles </li></ul><ul><li>Footwear; parts </li></ul><ul><li>Cast articles </li></ul><ul><li>Monumental or building stone </li></ul><ul><li>Suits, women’s or girls </li></ul><ul><li>Gymnastics and sports gear </li></ul><ul><li>Footwear: rubber, plastic </li></ul>Top 10 New Zealand Exports to India Top 10 New Zealand Imports from India
  • 47. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.commerce.nic.in </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. dfat.gov.au </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nz.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://business.mapsofindia.com/trade-relations/india-australia/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761570609/Australasia.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761568792/Australia.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761568792/New_Zealand.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australasia </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oceania </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mfat.govt.nz/Countries/Asia-South-and-Southeast/India.php </li></ul>
  • 48. Thank You.. Any Queries?

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