In Spain, schooling is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 16 years. The system consists of four levels: COMPULSORY POST-COMPULSORY PRE-SCHOOL PRIMARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOLING EDUCATION (ESO) (BACHILLERATO)• 3 TO 6 YEARS • 6 TO 12 YEARS • 12 TO 16 YEARS • 16 TO 18 YEARS (NON- (COMPULSORY) (COMPULSORY) • (NON-COMPULSORY COMPULSORY)
- Textbooks are free in primary school andsecondary school in our region: the school buysthem with the money that the government givesfor it.- Students have to buy their workbooks andmaterials.
Schools in Spain can be divided into 3 categories: STATE SCHOOLS PRIVATELY RUN SCHOOLS FUNDED BY THE STATE (colegios concertados). They are purely private for the Bachillerato years. PURELY PRIVATE SCHOOLS. There are private schools for all the range of compulsory education. Parents must pay a monthly/termly/yearly fee. Most of these schools are run by religious orders.
The school year is divided into THREE TERMS with a long summer holiday break of almost three months: First term: September to December Second term: January to Easter Third term: After Easter to late JuneIn Spain, there are frequent long weekends relating mainly to religious holidays and regional and national holidays.
The school day for primary schools can vary but is normally from 09.00 – 14.00. For ESO or Bachillerato, the school day is usually from 08.30 – 14.30.
Children who are 3 to 6 years old have the option of attending the Pre-school stage, which is non-compulsory and free. It is considered as an integral part of the education system and there are preschool classes at almost every primary school. Children enter pre-school in the autumn of the calendar year in which they turn three years old.
It is structured as three 2-year cycles: First cycle Second cycle Third cycle (6 to 8 years) (8 to 10 years) (10 to 12 years)• First year • Third year • Fifth year• Second year • Fourth year • Sixth year
At this stage, students get the essential and basic knowledge and skills for their learning life. The main subjects they learn are: Maths, Spanish Language, Science, Music, English, Art and Physical Education.
Thissecondary stage of education is compulsory and also free. Students are usually between 12 and 16 years. Secondary education consists of four years. There are two 2-year cycles : First cycle Second cycle • First year • Third year • Second year • Fourth year
There are approximately 30 students in every classroom
CURRICULAR DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAMMEIt’s a programme for those students who arein the 2nd cycle and can’t get theeducational objectives but they have a goodlearning attitude. They share subjects withother students who have a common curriculabut they go to another class just for them inLinguistics and Communication, Mathematicsand World knowledge.
INITIAL PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION PROGRAMME In Spain, the Initial Professional Qualification Programme aims at providing the students with learning problems an opportunity to:- Obtain their Certificate.- Receive professional learning in fields such as Electronics, Carpentry, Computer or Business.- Offer easier access to Middle Grade Training Cycles.
If a student has achieved their Certificate of SecondaryEducation, then they can decide to: • Continue their education by studying for the BACHILLERATO (necessary for University) • Continue their education by taking a VOCATIONAL COURSE (Ciclo Formativo) • Leave school
Students are usually between 16 and 18 years. Itconsists of two years: First Bachillerato. Second Bachillerato. It is comparable to the A Levels.
There are three kinds of Bachillerato: Humanities and Social Sciences Nature and Health Sciences Arts
COMPULSORY SOME SPECIALIZED SUBJECTS SUBJECTSHUMANITIES AND -Spanish Language and -Latin and GreekSOCIAL SCIENCES Literature - Applied maths and -First foreign language Economy (mostly English) NATURE AND -Physics -Physical Education -Chemistry HEALTH -Spanish History - Biology SCIENCES -Science to the - Maths contemporary world - Optional subject (2nd foreign language, Information ARTS Technology, -Artistic drawing Psychology…) -Technical drawing - History of art - Design
The students who get their Certificate and wantto go to University have to take a Universityentrance exam.It is the same exam for the whole region. Theyare tested on the compulsory subjects of theirBachillerato (English, Spanish Language, Historyor Philosophy) and the subjects of their field ofspecialization.
The vocational training is another possibility after ESO or Bachillerato. There are two different types of programmes:1) MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE (2 years), which have the certificate of Secondary Education as a requirement. Students get a certificate as a Technician. 2) SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE (2 years) for the students who finish Bachillerato. After its completion, students are entitled to direct entrance to several related University degrees.