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  • 1. Basic First Aid
  • 2. First Aid
    • Is an immediate care given to a person who has been injured or suddenly taken ill.
    • It includes self-help and home care if medical assistance is not available or delayed.
  • 3. Roles of a First Aider
    • Bridge that fills the gap between the victim and the physician.
    • Ensure safety of him/herself and that of bystanders.
    • Gain access to the victim.
    • Determine any threats to the patient’s life.
    • Summon advanced medical care as needed.
    • Provide needed care for the patient.
    • Assist advanced personnel.
    • Record all finding and care given to the patient.
  • 4. Objectives of First Aid
    • To alleviate suffering
    • To prevent added/further injury or danger
    • To prolong life
  • 5. Characteristics of a Good First Aider
    • Gentle – should not cause pain
    • Resourceful – should make the best use of things at hand
    • Observant – should notice all signs.
    • Tactful – should not alarm the victim
    • Empathetic – should be comforting
    • Respectable – should maintain a professional and caring attitude.
  • 6. Hindrances in Giving First Aid
    • Unfavorable surroundings
    • The presence of crowds
    • Pressure from victim or relatives
  • 7.
    • Basic Life Support – an emergency procedure that consists of recognizing respiratory or cardiac arrest o both and the proper application of CPR to maintain life until a victim recovers or advanced life support is available.
  • 8. CPR
    • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
    • CPR involves chest compressions at a rate of at least 100 per minute in an effort to create artificial circulation by manually pumping blood through the heart
    • CPR alone is unlikely to restart the heart; its main purpose is to restore partial flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart
  • 9. CPR
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. One-Person Emergency Moves
  • 15. Cradle Carry
  • 16. Firefighter’s carry
  • 17. Pack-strap carry
  • 18. piggy-back carry
  • 19. Two-Person Emergency Moves
  • 20. Two-handed seat carry
  • 21. Four-handed seat carry
  • 22. Extremity carry
  • 23. Chair carry