Formatting Quotations By Maiana Minahal Laney College, Oakland CA
Properly cite the author and page number of your quotation   <ul><li>After each quotation you use, include an MLA style pa...
Use the correct number of quotation marks   <ul><li>Remember: quotation marks  always  come in pairs. </li></ul><ul><li>If...
<ul><li>Note:  Always introduce quotations with your own words. Don’t just put an entire quoted sentence in your essay wit...
Formatting quotations with a speaking verb  ( says, states, proclaims, demands, etc )  <ul><li>Quotation at the end of a s...
Formatting quotations with a speaking verb  ( says, states, proclaims, demands, etc ) <ul><li>Quotation divided by your ow...
Formatting a quotation without a speaking verb before the quote  <ul><li>After getting to know her better, Tookie Williams...
Formatting a quotation that is introduced by an entire sentence  <ul><li>Use a colon and quotation marks.  </li></ul><ul><...
Omitting words  <ul><li>If you decide to leave out words or phrases from a quoted sentence, use an ellipsis (…). </li></ul...
Adding or changing words (or letters of words)  <ul><li>If you need to add or change words (or letters of words) in order ...
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Formatting quotations

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How to format quotations in MLA style

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Formatting quotations

  1. 1. Formatting Quotations By Maiana Minahal Laney College, Oakland CA
  2. 2. Properly cite the author and page number of your quotation <ul><li>After each quotation you use, include an MLA style parenthetical citation: the author’s last name, a space, then the page number of the quotation, all in parentheses. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: (Williams 289) </li></ul><ul><li>This example means that the exact quote in parentheses can be found on page 289 of the book written by the author with the last name Williams. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Use the correct number of quotation marks <ul><li>Remember: quotation marks always come in pairs. </li></ul><ul><li>If you quote lines that are not in quotation marks in the book, then you only have to use a pair of double quotation marks. “ “ </li></ul><ul><li>If you quote lines that are in quotation marks in the book, then you have to use a pair of single quotation marks inside a pair of double quotation marks. “‘ ’” </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Note: Always introduce quotations with your own words. Don’t just put an entire quoted sentence in your essay without any of your own words in the sentence. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Formatting quotations with a speaking verb ( says, states, proclaims, demands, etc ) <ul><li>Quotation at the end of a sentence example: </li></ul><ul><li>In prison, Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond, “‘I’ve undergone a personal transformation’” (Williams 289). </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation at the beginning of a sentence example: </li></ul><ul><li>“‘I’ve undergone a personal transformation,’” Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond in prison (Williams 289). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Formatting quotations with a speaking verb ( says, states, proclaims, demands, etc ) <ul><li>Quotation divided by your own words example: </li></ul><ul><li>“‘ I’ve undergone,’” Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond, “‘a personal transformation’” (Williams 289). </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation in the middle of a sentence example: </li></ul><ul><li>After Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond, “‘I’ve undergone a personal transformation’” (Williams 289), Barbara Becnel helps Tookie get transferred to a different part of the prison. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Formatting a quotation without a speaking verb before the quote <ul><li>After getting to know her better, Tookie Williams “marveled at Barbara’s trustworthiness and her dedication to follow through in a pinch” (Williams 291). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Formatting a quotation that is introduced by an entire sentence <ul><li>Use a colon and quotation marks. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Tookie Williams is impressed by Barbara Becnel’s integrity: “I marveled at Barbara’s trustworthiness and her dedication to follow through in a pinch” (Williams 291). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Omitting words <ul><li>If you decide to leave out words or phrases from a quoted sentence, use an ellipsis (…). </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Tookie Williams is impressed by Barbara Becnel’s integrity: “… I found myself trusting this woman … I marveled at Barbara’s trustworthiness and her dedication …” (Williams 291). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Adding or changing words (or letters of words) <ul><li>If you need to add or change words (or letters of words) in order to make a pronoun or verb tense consistent, then use a pair of brackets, [ ]. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Tookie Williams is impressed by Barbara Becnel’s integrity: “I marveled at [her] trustworthiness …” (Williams 291). </li></ul>
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