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Formatting quotations
 

Formatting quotations

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How to format quotations in MLA style

How to format quotations in MLA style

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    Formatting quotations Formatting quotations Presentation Transcript

    • Formatting Quotations By Maiana Minahal Laney College, Oakland CA
    • Properly cite the author and page number of your quotation
      • After each quotation you use, include an MLA style parenthetical citation: the author’s last name, a space, then the page number of the quotation, all in parentheses.
      • Example: (Williams 289)
      • This example means that the exact quote in parentheses can be found on page 289 of the book written by the author with the last name Williams.
    • Use the correct number of quotation marks
      • Remember: quotation marks always come in pairs.
      • If you quote lines that are not in quotation marks in the book, then you only have to use a pair of double quotation marks. “ “
      • If you quote lines that are in quotation marks in the book, then you have to use a pair of single quotation marks inside a pair of double quotation marks. “‘ ’”
      • Note: Always introduce quotations with your own words. Don’t just put an entire quoted sentence in your essay without any of your own words in the sentence.
    • Formatting quotations with a speaking verb ( says, states, proclaims, demands, etc )
      • Quotation at the end of a sentence example:
      • In prison, Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond, “‘I’ve undergone a personal transformation’” (Williams 289).
      • Quotation at the beginning of a sentence example:
      • “‘I’ve undergone a personal transformation,’” Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond in prison (Williams 289).
    • Formatting quotations with a speaking verb ( says, states, proclaims, demands, etc )
      • Quotation divided by your own words example:
      • “‘ I’ve undergone,’” Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond, “‘a personal transformation’” (Williams 289).
      • Quotation in the middle of a sentence example:
      • After Tookie Williams tells counselor Hammond, “‘I’ve undergone a personal transformation’” (Williams 289), Barbara Becnel helps Tookie get transferred to a different part of the prison.
    • Formatting a quotation without a speaking verb before the quote
      • After getting to know her better, Tookie Williams “marveled at Barbara’s trustworthiness and her dedication to follow through in a pinch” (Williams 291).
    • Formatting a quotation that is introduced by an entire sentence
      • Use a colon and quotation marks.
      • Example: Tookie Williams is impressed by Barbara Becnel’s integrity: “I marveled at Barbara’s trustworthiness and her dedication to follow through in a pinch” (Williams 291).
    • Omitting words
      • If you decide to leave out words or phrases from a quoted sentence, use an ellipsis (…).
      • Example: Tookie Williams is impressed by Barbara Becnel’s integrity: “… I found myself trusting this woman … I marveled at Barbara’s trustworthiness and her dedication …” (Williams 291).
    • Adding or changing words (or letters of words)
      • If you need to add or change words (or letters of words) in order to make a pronoun or verb tense consistent, then use a pair of brackets, [ ].
      • Example: Tookie Williams is impressed by Barbara Becnel’s integrity: “I marveled at [her] trustworthiness …” (Williams 291).