Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti
	 pirovneba
		 kultura
		 	 sazogadoeba
socialur mecnierebaTa aqtualuri problemebi
eduard...
anotacia
konferenciis masalebis krebuli moicavs Tsu-s socialur
da politikur mecnierebaTa fakultetis profesorTa   da
doqtor...
3
sarCevi
winasityva (amiran berZeniSvilis)......................................................7
donaZe naTela
eduard ko...
4
doliZe maka
XX saukunis pirveli naxevris politikuri movlen­ebis
asaxva JurnalSi `eri~ .....................................
5
sumbaZe nana
agvistos omi: mosaxleobis Sefasebebi da ganwyobebi ..........324
Rvineria irine
multimediuri formebis gamoy...
399
nino javaxiSvili, maia xositaSvili,
nino siraZe, lika Zagania,
ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis
saxelmwifo univer...
400
re, sasiamovnos dros ki – madlierebiTi locvis  sixSire (Harris,
Schoneman, Carrera, 2005).
locvis intimurobidan gamomd...
401
reliigis fsiqologiaSi arsebuli `SeTanxmebulobis hipo-
Tezis~ mixedviT, locvis sixSire da saerTod adamianis religi-
uro...
402
ritualuri mlocveli locvans kiTxulobs an damaxsovre-
bul locvebs imeorebs. es tipi dadebiT kavSirSia cxovrebiseul
keTil...
403
minaciebisagan gansxvavebiT, Tanxmdebian, rom arsebobs erTi WeS-
mariteba, maT Soris aris sxvaoba hofstedes mier gamoy...
404
saSualebaa. religia gvexmareba iseT gaurkvevlobas SeveguoT,
romlisganac Tavs ver davicavT. zogierTi religia sicocxlis
...
405
gamokiTxva Catarda germaniaSi da saqarTveloSi. qarTuli
SerCeva Sedgeboda 184 morwmunisagan, maTgan, 122 (66,5%) qali
d...
406
da ganwyobebs afasebs. skala moicavs iseT kiTxvebs, rogorebicaa:
`locva amcirebs Cems SiSs~, `locva maniWebs ukeTes em...
407
qarTvelebi germanelebi
saerTod ar loculobs 0.5% 8.7%
kviraSi ramdenjerme 13% 14.3%
dReSi erTxel 20% 13.9%
dReSi ramden...
408
locva M =16,39 (SD = 3,841), mTxovneli locva M = 5,17 (SD =
2,257). germanelebis SerCevam daagrova M = 44,89 (SD = 13,...
409
cxrili #3: locvis maCveneblebis pirsonis korelaciebi
saqarTvelos SerCevis mixedviT
germanelebis SerCevisaTvis: locvis ...
410
cxrili #4: locvis maCveneblebis pirsonis korelaciebi
germaniis SerCevis mixedviT
qarTvelebis SerCevaSi locvis yvela qv...
411
germanelebis SerCevaSic msgavsi suraTia: locvis qveskalebi
– ritualuri, sakuTari sityvebiT locva, meditaciuri  locva
d...
412
erT-erT kvlevaSi: aRmoCnda statistikurad mniSvnelovani ko-
relacia locvis sixSiresa da eklesiaSi siaruls Soris (Sch-
n...
413
Comparing Georgian and German Believers via Prayer aspects
Nino Javakhishvili, Maya Khositashvili,
Nino Siradze, Lika ...
414
Harris, J. I., Schoneman S. W. & Carrera S. R. (2005). Pre-4.	
ferred prayer styles and anxiety control.Journal of Rel...
415
Poloma, M., Pendleton. B. (1991). The effects of prayer and14.	
prayer experiences on measures of general well-being. ...
416
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Maia khositashvili BA

299

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
299
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Maia khositashvili BA

  1. 1. Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti pirovneba kultura sazogadoeba socialur mecnierebaTa aqtualuri problemebi eduard koduas dabadebis 80 wlisTavisadmi miZRvnili samecniero konferenciis (23-24 oqtomberi 2009) masalebi Tbilisi 2010
  2. 2. anotacia konferenciis masalebis krebuli moicavs Tsu-s socialur da politikur mecnierebaTa fakultetis profesorTa da doqtorantTa naSromebs, sadac ganxilulia Tanamedrove mso- flios, kerZod ki saqarTvelosTvis aqtualuri socialuri da politikuri problemebi,xSir SemTxvevaSi mocemulia maTi gadaWris optimaluri gzebi da saSualebebi. statiaTa avtorebi, ara marto sxvadasxva Taobebsa da socialur mecnierebaTa gansxvavebul dargebs ganekuTnebian, aramed problemebis xedvis gansxvavebuli manera da pozicia aqvT, rac aZnelebs krebulis erTiani suliskveTebis da sti- lis dacvas. amitom SeiZleba erTsa da imave problemis Sesaxeb dapirispirebuli Tvalsazrisebi da midgomebi dainaxoT. rac Cveni azriT, ki ar amcrobs krebulis mecnierul Rirebulebas, aramed piriqiT. vimedovnebT, rom krebuli saintereso aRmoCndeba yvela Taobis inteleqtualisTvis da sargeblobas moutans qarTul sazogadoebas. samecniero redaqtori: filosofiis doqtori amiran berZeniSvili recenzentebi: 1. valerian ramiSvili, filosofiur mecnierebaTa doqtori 2. revaz jorbenaZe, fsiqologiis mecnierebaTa doqtori 3. mari wereTeli, filologiis doqtori ISBN 978-9941-0-2969-1
  3. 3. 3 sarCevi winasityva (amiran berZeniSvilis)......................................................7 donaZe naTela eduard kodua rogorc pirovneba da mecnieri ........................14 CikvilaZe dali eduard kodua,qarTvel publicistTa wignebis Semdgeneli da redaqtori ..............................................................28 abaSiZe zviadi, dundua salome eTnikuri identobebi da samoqalaqo integraciis sakiTxi saqarTveloSi ......................................................................36 belqania nodari definiciis problema da sokrates logikuri memkvidreoba ......................................................................................57 berZeniSvili amirani informaciul-teqnologiuri revolucia da misi kulturuli Sedegebi .....................................................................80 biWikaSvili ira realobis amsaxveli forma. ra aris infografika? ...............99 gersamia mariami Tanamedrove sagazeTo statiis saxeebi: editoriali da opedi .............................................................................................106 goroSiZe giorgi, a. sxirtlaZe, x. matkava qarTuli organizaciuli kulturis genderuli Taviseburebani .................................................................................118 danelia rozeta adamiani da Tanamedroveoba ........................................................130 dolbaia Tamari Tavisufali ekonomikuri zonebis msoflio gamocdileba da saqarTvelo .......................................................138
  4. 4. 4 doliZe maka XX saukunis pirveli naxevris politikuri movlen­ebis asaxva JurnalSi `eri~ ....................................................................156 kalandariSvili maia samomxmareblo arCevanis fsiqologiuri determinantebi ................................................................................165 kankia nargiza kino gadacema `wiTeli zona~ .......................................................184 kvinikaZe giorgi migracia da eri – saxelmwifos geo­ekonomikuri problemebi transnacionalizaciisa da trans­lokalurobis koncefciebSi ............................................196 kaWkaWiSvili iago sazogadoebrivi azris cvlilebebi saqarTve­lo-ruseTis omis Suqze ...............................................218 lomiZe marine krizisuli komunikaciis roli P PR– saqmi­anobaSi .................240 maRraZe guguli demokratiis perspeqtivebi gardamaval qveynebSi ................256 malxaz macaberiZe ivane javaxiSvili da saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi mSeneblobis ZiriTadi sakiTxebi (1919 weli) ..........................269 memaniSvili magda geronti qiqoZe da gazeTi `saqarTvelo~ (1915-20).............. 283 osefaSvili dali rogor Secvala web-ma swavleba – personal­uri veb-gverdidan LMS-mde (Jurnalisturi ganaTlebis magaliTze)........................................................................................ 294 saluqvaZe iosebi, gogiSvili daviTi `TviTSemoqmedebiTi urban­iz­mi~ TbilisSi: `miSenebebi~ da samosaxlo garemos gardaqmna dedaqalaqis sacxovrebel masivebSi ..................................................................307
  5. 5. 5 sumbaZe nana agvistos omi: mosaxleobis Sefasebebi da ganwyobebi ..........324 Rvineria irine multimediuri formebis gamoyenebis pirveli Sedegebi Jurnalisturi ganaTlebis sistemaSi .....................343 wereTeli baaduri brendis roli regionis kulturuli landSaftis CamoyalibebaSi da qveynis ekonomikur ganviTar­ebaSi (borjomis magaliTze) ...................................................................356 yifiani giorgi samoqalaqo sazogadoeba mcirewlovanTa dacva mediis mavne zegavlenisagan saqarTveloSi ..........................................366 xutaSvili mari socialuri ekologia da sociologia ......................................389 javaxiSvili nino, xositaSvili maia, siraZe nino, Zagania lika, iohan Snaideri. qarTvel da germanel morwmuneTa Sedareba locvis aspeqtebis mixedviT ........................................................................399
  6. 6. 399 nino javaxiSvili, maia xositaSvili, nino siraZe, lika Zagania, ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti iohan Snaideri zaarlandis universiteti qarTvel da germanel morwmuneTa Sedareba locvis aspeqtebis mixedviT religiuri rwmenis indikatoria locva, romelic warmoad- gens `religiis sulsa da arss~ (Josephs, 1998). aSS-Si Catare- bulma kvlevebma aCvena, rom adamianebi sakmaod xSirad loculo- ben (amerikelTa 90% zogjer mainc loculobs (Gallup Organiza- tion, 1993). es exeba rogorc eklesiaSi mosiarule mlocvelebs, aseve maT, vinc eklesiaSi ar dadis. kvlevebis mixedviT, aTeiste- bic ki loculoben. mlocvelTagan umravlesoba sxvebTan erT- ad locvas Cumad locvas amjobinebs. aseve umravlesobas swams, rom maTi locva Sesmenil iqneba (97%), pasuxic gaecema, da rom locva maT ukeTes adamianebad aqcevs (86%) (Josephs, 1998). mlocvelTa 77% kmayofilia aseTi cxovrebiT. mravali adamiani iyenebs locvas, raTa gadaWras cxovrebiseuli sirTuleebi, daZ- lios janmrTelobis problemebi. locva daZlevis strategiaa da mniSvnelovan rols TamaSobs stresul situaciebSi, avad- myofobis, frustraciis da sxvadasxva mZime danakargebis dros. uaryofiTma da dadebiTma emociebma SeiZleba gazardon locvis sixSire. usiamovno situaciaSi izrdeba TxovniTi locvis sixSi-
  7. 7. 400 re, sasiamovnos dros ki – madlierebiTi locvis sixSire (Harris, Schoneman, Carrera, 2005). locvis intimurobidan gamomdinare, misi empiriuli aRwera rTulia. saqmes isic arTulebs, rom sxvadasxva religiur ganzo- milebasa da fsiqikur janmrTelobas Soris arsebuli kavSiris Sesaxeb monacemebi xSir SemTxvevaSi orazrovani da urTierTsa- winaaRmdegoa. igive SeiZleba iTqvas locvis kavSirze adamianis fsiqikur da fizikur janmrTelobasTan (Harris, Schoneman, Car- rera, 2005). monacemTa amgvari aRrevis mizezi SeiZleba dakavSirebuli iyos locvis definiciis sakiTxTan, terminis standartizaciis problemasTan. iTvleba, rom locva RmerTTan komunikaciis gzaa, komunikaciis terminis qveS SesaZlebelia mravalgvari qceva igulisxmebodes. aqedan gamomdinare, arsebobs locvis tipebisa da funqciebis klasifikaciis problema. cnobilia elkinis mier SemoTavazebuli locvis tipebi: gamomqomagebeli (qomagi) da Ca- fiqrebuli (moazrovne); riCardsis TxovniTi da urTierTobis; melonisa da finis verbaluri da meditaciuri locvis tipe- bi. magram am tipologiebze dayrdonibiT ver moxerxda locvis sakvlevi validuri testis Seqmna. igive suraTs vxedavT loc- vis funqciebis klasifikaciis SemTxvevaSic, locvis funqciebs Soris gamoyves: moTxovnilebis gamoxatva, rwmenis ganmtkiceba, relaqsacia, desensitizacia da sxva. magram es funqceibi empiri- ulad validuri ar aris (Ladd, Spilka, 2002; Richards, 1991;Finney, Malony, 1985; Byrd & Boe, 2001; Harris, Schoneman & Carrera , 2005; Maltby, Lewis & Day, 1998).
  8. 8. 401 reliigis fsiqologiaSi arsebuli `SeTanxmebulobis hipo- Tezis~ mixedviT, locvis sixSire da saerTod adamianis religi- uroba, rwmena da qcevebi damokidebulia imaze, igi amrideblu- ri Tu mSfoTvare tipia. pirvel SemTxvevaSi adamiani erideba urTierTobebs sxvebTan, adamianebTan kontaqti misTvis diskom- forts warmoadgens. meores dros saqme gvaqvs uaryofis da mito- vebis SiSTan. erT-erTi kvlevis Sedegad dadginda, rom zemoTxse- nebuli tipebi kavSirSi iyo imasTan, mimarTavda Tu ara locvas adamiani stresul situaciaSi. amridebluri tipi stresuli situaciis dros ar mimarTavs locvas, radgan locva mxolod gazrdis mis diskoforts. misgan gansxvavebiT, araamridebluri tipi stresuli situaciebis dros mimarTavs locvas. mSfoTvare tipi amgvar situaciebSi mxolod TxovniT locvas ambobs (Byrd, Boe, 2001). locvis saintereso klasifikacias gvTavazoben poloma da pendletoni. maT mier gamoyofili locvis oTxi saxe sxva av- torebma Semdgom kvlevebSi gamoiyenes (Beasler, 2002;McCullough, Larson, 1999;Laird, Snyder, Rapoff, Green, 2004): WvretiT-meditaciuri mlocvels RvTaebrivTan intimuri, pi- radi urTierToba aqvs; iyenebs daZlevis religiur meqanizmebs (sulieri dasayrdenis Zieba), rac xSirad dakavSirebulia cxovre- biseuli stresuli situaciis Semdgom periodTan; amsubuqebs da pozitiur cvlilebebs iwvevs fsiqologiur simptomatikaSi; iklebs kunTuri daWimuloba, brazi, SfoTva da depresia ;
  9. 9. 402 ritualuri mlocveli locvans kiTxulobs an damaxsovre- bul locvebs imeorebs. es tipi dadebiT kavSirSia cxovrebiseul keTildReobasTan, religiur kmayofilebasTan; mTxovneli mlocveli ufals sakuTari Tavisa da sxvaTaT- vis SesTxovs; Txovna locvis yvelaze primitiuli, pirveladi formaa da pozitiuri, religiuri Tu sulieri, funqcionirebis maCvenebelia. amgvari locva fsiqosocialuri stresis niSania da aRiniSneba negatiuri cxovrebiseuli situaciis Semdeg. locvis am saxes iyeneben Zlieri tkivilebis regulirebisa da Semcire- bisaTvis; sakuTari sityvebiT mlocveli esaubreba RmerTs; misi Txov- nis elementebi ufro specifiuri da konkretulia, vidre mTx- ovneli mlocvelis. aseT dros adamianebi uflisagan iTxoven: Zalas, gaZRolas, sxvaTa dalocvas; is erTgvari progresis am- saxvelia _ axalgazrdobidan zrdasrulobamde da pozitiur kav- SirSia janmrTelobasa da keTildReobasTan (Poloma, Pendleton, 1989; Poloma, Pendleton, 1990; Poloma, Pendleton, 1991). gert hofstedes mixedviT, kultura gavlenas axdens re- ligiaze, Sesabamisad, sxvadasxva religiis warmomadgenlebs gansxvavebuli religiuri Sexedulebebi da qcevebi ara mxolod Tavad rwmenis dogmebidan, aramed ama Tu im kulturasTan mikuT- vnebulobis gamo aqvT. gamonakliss arc qristianoba da masSi gamoyofili sami msxvili jgufi – protestantebi, kaTolikebi da marTlmadideblebi warmoadgenen. miuxedavad imisa, rom pro- testantebi, kaTolikebi da marTlmadideblebi, rigi sxva deno-
  10. 10. 403 minaciebisagan gansxvavebiT, Tanxmdebian, rom arsebobs erTi WeS- mariteba, maT Soris aris sxvaoba hofstedes mier gamoyofil iseT fsiqologiur ganzmilebebze, rogorebicaa: Zalauflebis manZili feminuroba-maskulinoba gaurkvevlobis Tavidan arideba Zalauflebis manZilis konstruqti aRniSnavs, Tu ramdenad misaRebia organizaciaSi naklebi Zalauflebis mqone wevrisaTvis is mosazreba, rom Zalauflebis ganawileba Tanabari ar aris. sxva sityvebiT, sazogadoebebi gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagn imisda mi- xedviT, uWeren Tu ara misi wevrebi mxars ierarqias sazogado- ebaSi. protestantuli religiis mqone qveynebSi Zalauflebis manZili dabalia, es ufro demokratiuli qveynebia, xolo ka- Tolikur da marTlmadideblur qveynebSi Zalauflebis manZili maRalia. qristianul qveynebSi Zlieri, maskulinuri sazogadoe- bebi RmerTis mniSvnelobis umTavresobas aRiareben. maskulinuri sazogadoebisaTvis mama RmerTis saxeli mniSvnelovania, xolo feminur sazogadoebebSi, da aseTebi ZiriTadad protestantebi arian, ufro SeimCneva sekularizmisaken ltolva. gaurkvevlo- bis Tavidan arideba niSnavs, rom adamianma ar icis, ra moxdeba xval, momavali gaurkvevelia, xolo ukiduresi gaurkvevloba autanel SfoTvas iwvevs. yovelma sazogadoebam am SfoTvis Sem- cirebis gzebi monaxa. es teqnologiis, kanonmdeblobisa da reli- giis meSveobiT moxda. religia adamianis piradi momavlis makon- troleblad miCneul transcedentur ZalebTan dakavSirebis
  11. 11. 404 saSualebaa. religia gvexmareba iseT gaurkvevlobas SeveguoT, romlisganac Tavs ver davicavT. zogierTi religia sicocxlis Semdeg sikvdilis, an mowinaaRmdegis damarcxebis saboloo ga- rkveulobas gvTavazobs (Hofstede, Hofstede, 2004). mravali qveynis monacemebis safuZvelze hofstedem aCvena, rom zemoT aRniSnul ganzomilebebze protestantebs nakle- bi qulebi aqvT, vidre marTlmadideblebs (Hofstede, Hofstede, 2004). amrigad, gamoikveTa saintereso gansxvavebebi protestan- tebsa da marTlmadideblebs Soris. sainteresoa, aris Tu ara gansxvaveba sxvadasxva kulturis morwmuneebs Soris, miTumetes, Tu isini sxvadasxva religias miekuTvnebian. am mizniT SevadareT erTmaneTs qarTveli – marTlmadidebeli da germaneli – protes- tanti morwmuneebi locvis kuTxiT. SevarCieT locvis ramdenime komponenti  locvis da RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSire;  locvis saxeebi;  locviT kmayofileba. Sesabamisad, kvlevis kiTxva Semdegnairad Camoyalibda: ra gansxvavebebia qarTvel da germanel mlocvelebs Soris • locvis da RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSiris • locvis saxeebis da • locvis gavlenis mixedviT? meTodi:
  12. 12. 405 gamokiTxva Catarda germaniaSi da saqarTveloSi. qarTuli SerCeva Sedgeboda 184 morwmunisagan, maTgan, 122 (66,5%) qali da 62 (33,5%) mamakaci; 110 (60,0%) arastudenti da 74 (40,0%) studenti. asaki meryeobda 14 – 83 wlamde, xolo saSualo asaki iyo M = 34,74 (SD = 16,389). kvlevis 182 (98,9%) monawile iyo marTlmadidebeli, xolo 2 (1,1%) – aramarTlmadidebeli. ger- maniaSi kvleva Catarda 206 adamianze, maTgan, 133 (64,6%) qali da 79 (34,4%) mamakaci; 96 (46,8%) arastudenti da 109 (53,2%) studenti. asaki meryeobda 14 – 83 wlamde, xolo saSualo asaki iyo M = 27,32 (SD = 162,657). kvlevis 175 (85,3%) monawile iyo protestanti, xolo 30 (14,7%) – kaTolike. instrumentad gamoviyeneT kiTxvari, romelic sami nawilisa- gan Sedgeba. locvis saxeebis sazomi skala, locvis gavlenis sa- zomi skala da kiTxvebi locvis da RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSiris Sesaxeb. yvela kiTxva likertis skalis tipisaa. polomasa da pendletonis locvis sazomi skala moicavs 15 debulebas, romlebic adgenen locvis romel saxes iyenebs ufro xSirad mlocveli: ritualurs(2 debuleba), sakuTari sityvebiT locvas(6 debuleba), meditaciurs(5 debuleba)Tu mTxovnels(2 debuleba). mag., debuleba _ `ramdenad xSirad kiTxulobT lo- cvans?~ Seesabameba ritualuri locvis saxes. debuleba _ `ram- denad xSirad SeigrZnobT, rom RmerTi TqvenTanaa? Seesabameba meditaciuri locvis saxes da a.S. locvis skalis maqsimaluri qulaa 75. locvis gavlenis sazomi skala 9 debulebisagan Sedgeba. de- bulebebi locvis dros aRmocenebul emociur damokidebulebas
  13. 13. 406 da ganwyobebs afasebs. skala moicavs iseT kiTxvebs, rogorebicaa: `locva amcirebs Cems SiSs~, `locva maniWebs ukeTes emociebs~, `locva mamSvidebs~ da sxv. locvis gavlenis saerTo maqsimaluri qula aris 36. es ori skala inglisuri enidan qarTulad vTargmneT, Semdeg isev inglisurad. gansvlebis aRmofxvris Semdeg skalebi pilo- tur kvlevaSi gamovcadeT, mcireodeni Sesworebebis Semdeg kiTx- vari mzad iyo kvlevaSi gamosayeneblad. Sedegebi: radgan locvis saxeebis da locvis gavlenis skalebi saqarT- veloSi pirvelad tardeboda, qarTul SerCevaze sandoobis Se- samowmeblad gamovTvaleT maTi α koeficientebi. locvis kiTx- varis saerTo (15 debuleba) qulis mixedviT α= .8867. locvis TiToeuli qveskalis mixedviT ki: ritualuri locva α= .7205, sakuTari sityvebiT locva α= .8020, meditaciuri locva α= .7390, mTxovneli locva α= .7167. locvis gavlenis skalis alfa koeficientia α= .9179 amrigad, yvela skala da qveskala san- doa. qvemoT mogvyavs qarTveli da germaneli mlocvelebis mona- cemebi: locvis sixSiris monacemTa mixedviT, qarTveli da ger- maneli morwmuneebi arsebiTad gansxvavdebian ori maCvenebliT: meti germaneli morwmune ar loculobs da Sesabamisad, naklebi germaneli morwmune loculobs dReSi erTxel an dReSi ramden- jerme (χ2 = 98,373, df = 7, p < .000).
  14. 14. 407 qarTvelebi germanelebi saerTod ar loculobs 0.5% 8.7% kviraSi ramdenjerme 13% 14.3% dReSi erTxel 20% 13.9% dReSi ramdenjerme 31.9% 24.2% ufro iSviaTad 34.6% 38.9 χ2 = 98.373, df = 7, p < .000 cxrili #1 locvis sixSire qarTvel da germanel morwmu- neebTan. RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSiris mixedviT, qarTve- lebTan SedarebiT, meti germaneli arasodes dadis eklesiaSi, xolo naklebi dadis kviraSi ramdenjerme (χ2= 41, 551, df = 7, p< .000). qarTvelebi germanelebi arasodes 5.9% 11.1 % kviraSi erTxel 20.0% 22.7 % kviraSi ramdenjerme 20.5% 8.9 % ufro iSviaTad 53.6% 57.3% χ2= 41. 551, df = 7, p < .000 cxrili #2 RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSire qarTvel da germanel morwmuneebTan. locvis skalis maqsimaluri 75 qulidan qarTvelebis Ser- Cevam daagrova M = 51,11 (SD = 10,67). locvis skalaze qulebi meryeobda 15-dan 70-mde. locvis calkeuli saxis mixedviT sa- Sualo monacemebi aseTia: ritualuri locva M =6,82 SD = 2,164, sakuTari sityvebiT locva M = 22,76 (SD = 4,692), meditaciuri
  15. 15. 408 locva M =16,39 (SD = 3,841), mTxovneli locva M = 5,17 (SD = 2,257). germanelebis SerCevam daagrova M = 44,89 (SD = 13,55). locvis calkeuli saxis mixedviT saSualo monacemebi aseTia: ritualuri locva M =5,42 SD = 2,742, sakuTari sityvebiT loc- va M = 20,43 (SD = 5,298), meditaciuri locva M =15,02 SD = 4,765, mTxovneli locva M = 4,09 SD = 2,763. F (3, 386)=1.153, p >.05 locvis gavlenis skalis mixedviT maqsimaluri 36 qulidan qarTvelebma daagroves M = 28,79, SD = 5,695. xolo germaneleb- ma: M = 27,93, SD = 6,369. amasTan, locvis gavlenis skalaze qulebi meryeobda 9-dan 36-mde. korelaciebi: aRmoCnda, rom qarTvelebis SerCevisaTvis locvis skala dadebiT korelaciaSia locvis gavlenis skala sTan, locvis sixSiresa da RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSiresTan. locvis gavlenis skala dadebiT korelaciaSia locvis sixSiresa da RvTismasaxurebaze daswrebis sixSiresTan, aseve Tavad locvis sixSiresa da RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSireebs Sorisac dafiqsirda dadebiTi korelacia. yvela es korelacia mniSvnelo- vania p < .01 -is doneze.
  16. 16. 409 cxrili #3: locvis maCveneblebis pirsonis korelaciebi saqarTvelos SerCevis mixedviT germanelebis SerCevisaTvis: locvis skala dadebiT korela- ciaSia locvis gavlenis skalasTan, locvis sixSiresa da RvTi- smsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSiresTan. locvis gavlenis skala dadebiT korelaciaSia locvis sixSiresa da RvTismasaxurebaze daswrebis sixSiresTan, aseve Tavad locvis sixSiresa da RvTi- smsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSireebs Sorisac dafiqsirda dade- biTi korelacia. yvela es korelacia mniSvnelovania p < .01 -is doneze. locvis skala locvis gavlenis skala locvis sixSire RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSire locvi s skala 1 .566** .482** .457** locvis gavlenis skala .566** 1 .421** .462** locvis sixSire .482** .421** 1 .592** RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSire .457** .462** .592** 1
  17. 17. 410 cxrili #4: locvis maCveneblebis pirsonis korelaciebi germaniis SerCevis mixedviT qarTvelebis SerCevaSi locvis yvela qveskala: ritualuri, sakuTari sityvebiT locva, meditaciuri locva da mTxovneli locva korelirebs erTmaneTTan: cxrili #5:: locvis saxeebis pirsonis korlaciebi saqarT- velos SerCevis mixedviT locvis skala locvis gavlenis skala locvis sixSire RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSire locvis skala 1 .746** .763** .660** locvis gavlenis skala .746** 1 .671** .473** locvis sixSire .763** .671** 1 .665** RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSire .660** .473** .665** 1 ritualuri sakuTari sityvebiT locva meditaciuri mTxovneli ritualuri 1 .584** .609** .177* sakuTari sityvebiT locva .584** 1 .764** .346** meditaciuri .609** .764** 1 .323** mTxovneli .177* .346** .323** 1
  18. 18. 411 germanelebis SerCevaSic msgavsi suraTia: locvis qveskalebi – ritualuri, sakuTari sityvebiT locva, meditaciuri locva da mTxovneli locva – korelireben erTmaneTTan. cxrili #6: locvis saxeebis pirsonis korlaciebi germaniis SerCevis mixedviT Sedegebis ganxilva: gansxvaveba germanel da qarTvel mlocvelebs Soris praqti- kulad ar gamovlinda. sxvaoba Cans mxolod locvis da eklesiaSi siarulis sixSiris mixedviT: germanelebi nakleb loculoben, vidre qarTvelebi da ufro iSviaTad eswrebian RvTismsaxure- bas. es maCvenebeli germanuli sazogadoebis SedarebiT met seku- larizmze metyvelebs, hofstedes mixedviTac, protestanturi, feminuri sazogadoebebi ufro sekularulebi arian (Hofstede, Hofstede, 2004). rogorc qarTvel, aseve germanel morwmuneebTan locvis six- Siresa da RvTismsaxurebaze daswrebis sixSires Soris dafiq- sirda dadebiTi korelacia. analogiuri Sedegi miiRo Snaiderma ritualuri sakuTari sityvebiT locva meditaciuri mTxovneli ritualuri 1 .567** .589** .213* sakuTari sityvebiT locva .567** 1 .812** .314** meditaciuri .589** .812** 1 .378** mTxovneli .213* .314** .378** 1
  19. 19. 412 erT-erT kvlevaSi: aRmoCnda statistikurad mniSvnelovani ko- relacia locvis sixSiresa da eklesiaSi siaruls Soris (Sch- neider, 2004). qarTvelebisTvisac da germanelebisTvisac yvela skala dadebiT korelaciaSia erTmaneTTan. gamodis, rom is adamianebi, vinc xSirad eswrebian RvTsimsaxurebas, aseve xSirad loculo- ben da miaCniaT, rom locvas maTze pozitiuri gavlena aqvs da – piriqiT. skalebs Soris korelaciis koefiecientebis maCven- eblebi am or SerCevaSi msgavsia, germanelebTan es korelaciebi odnav ufro maRalia. aRmoCnda, rom qarTvelebic da germanelebic locvis erTi da igive saxeebs iyeneben. yvelaze maRali saSualo qula miiRo sa- kuTari sityvebiT locvam, Semdeg meditaciurma locvam, Semdeg, TiTqmis Tanabrad ritualurma da mTxovnelma locvebma. marTalia, germanelebis SerCevis mxolod 14% iyo kaTolike, magram SesaZloa swored am faqtma gamoiwvia kvlevis aseTi Sede- gi. rodesac hofstede ganzomilebebis mixedviT qristianuli religiis SigniT gansxvavebebze saubrobs, ZiriTad aqcents imaze akeTebs, rom protestantebi gansxvavdebian marTlmadideblebis da kaTolikeebisagan da amave dros, marTlamadideblebi da ka- Tolikeebi erTmaneTTan SedarebiT axlos dganan. garda amisa, hofstede aRniSnavs, rom religiuri mikuTvnebuloba kulturu- li Rirebulebebis mTlianad Secvlas ar iwvevs. misi azriT, `Zalauflebis manZilis, individualizmisa da koleqtivizmis, feminuroba maskulinobis da gaukrvevlobis Tavidan aridebis Rirebulebebi religiur moqcevebs gadaurCa~ (Hofstede, Hofst- ede, 2004, p. 126).
  20. 20. 413 Comparing Georgian and German Believers via Prayer aspects Nino Javakhishvili, Maya Khositashvili, Nino Siradze, Lika Dzagania Tbilisi State University Johan Schneider Saarland University The study looks at the differences in prayer in German (main- ly Protestant) and Georgian (Orthodox) believers. Such aspects of prayer as: prayer and church attendance frequency, prayer types and prayer fulfillment were studied using Likert type scales. 184 Georgian and 206 German believers were questioned. The results yielded no significant difference in prayer types used by Georgian and German believers; neither prayer fulfillment revealed any dif- ference. The reason might be a composition of German believers’ sample that consisted of although relatively small, but still sub sample of Catholics. gamoyenebuli literatura: Byrd, K. R. & Boe, A. (2001). The correspondence between1. attachment dimensions and prayer in college students. The international Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 11(1), pp. 9-24. Finney, J., Malony, H. (1985) An empirical study of contem-2. plative prayer as an adjust to psychotherapy. Journal of Psy- chology and Theology, 13, 284-290 Gallup Organization. (1993). GO LIFE Survey on Prayer. Princ-3. eton, NJ
  21. 21. 414 Harris, J. I., Schoneman S. W. & Carrera S. R. (2005). Pre-4. ferred prayer styles and anxiety control.Journal of Religion and Health, Vol. 44, No. 4, Winter pp. 403-412 Hauenstein H. U. (2002). Auf den Spuren des Gebets, Metho-5. den und Ergebnisse der empirischen Gebetsforschung, Asan- ger Verlag, Heidelberg, Kroening, pp.49-64 Hofstede, G. Hofstede, G. (2004) Cultures and Organizations:6. Software of the Mind. Oxford University Press Jospehs, I. (1998) Constructing One’s Self in the City of the7. Silent: Dialogue, Symbols and the Role of `As-if~ in Self-De- velopment. Human Development, 41, pp.180-195 Ladd, K., Spilka, B. (2002). Inward, Outward, and Upward:8. Cognitive Aspects of Prayer. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41:3 475-484 Laird, S. P. Snyder, C. R., Rapoff, M. A. & Green, S. (2004).9. Measuring Private Prayer: Development, Validation, and Clini- cal Application of the Multidimensional Prayer inventory. The International Journal For The Psychology of Religion, 14(4), 251-272. Maltby, J. Lewis, C.A. & Day, L. (1998). Religious orienta-10. tion and psychological well-being: The role of the frequency of personal prayer. British Journal of Psychology (1999), 4, pp.363-378 McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (1999). Prayer. W. R. Mill-11. er (Ed.), Integrating spirituality into treatment: Resources for practitioners (pp. 85-110). Poloma, M., Pendleton B. (1989). Exploring types of prayer12. and quality of life. Review of Religious Research 31:46-53. Poloma, M., Pendleton, B. (1990). Religious domains and gen-13. eral well-being. Social Indicators Research 22:255-276.
  22. 22. 415 Poloma, M., Pendleton. B. (1991). The effects of prayer and14. prayer experiences on measures of general well-being. Journal of Psychology and Theology 19:71-83. Richards, D. (1991). The phenomenology and psychological15. correlates of verbal prayer. Journal of Psychology and Theol- ogy, 19, 354-363 Schneider J. F. (2004). Prayer and Inner Speech: is there a con-16. nection? Psychological Reports, 2004, 94, pp.1382 – 1384.
  23. 23. 416
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×