DefinitionAccording to international organization" no universally accepted definition for emigration exists. The term migrant was usually understood to cover all cases where the decision to migrate was taken freely by the individual concerned forreasons of "personal convenience" and without intervention of an external compelling factor; it therefore applied to persons, and family members, moving to another country or region to better their material or social conditions and improve the prospect for themselves or their family.
Job migration is a term that has gained widespread use in the recent years and although it means relocation of jobs from one geographical area to another, it has come to symbolize the migration or relocation of jobs to other countries In most situations jobs are moved from one location to another, or to multiple other locations, because of changes in one or many of the following: supply and demand for products and services, business conditions, labor markets, government policies, competition, environmental conditions, local business costs, technological obsolescence,
Job migration must not lead to a rise in unemployment, if national labour markets are flexible enough. Whether the native population can expect gains or losses from immigration depends, among other things, on the size and the structure of the immigration flow and the labour market institutions in the receiving countries.
Many UK call center jobs are getting relocated to India. George Monist sees this as a portent to massive middle class job losses. Jeremy Seabrook claims that India and its yuppies will not necessarily benefit for various reasons including the high burn out rate in this type of job. The cyber serfs of California the are now being replaced by cybercoolies. As far as call center work is concerned many of the jobs could later be automated.
The internet has changed office topology. In the UK even quite small charity organizations may have a great beaurocracy. Parkinsons Law applies: pointless work absorbs more and more people. Health care becomes a market for rich suppliers to charge rip off prices while physicians act as gate keepers to determine who gets which scarce resources.
Some people want to see a repressive cultures to be broken up, if necessary by force. This is the doctrine of failed states whereby US imperialism may rampaged unchecked. That is also the wish of many revolutionaries. Of course the failed states are those places where barbarity is given free reign
At the moment, the likely disruption to patterns of employment is surely being exaggerated. The actual and prospective migration of service- sector jobs is small, and likely to remain so, compared with the background level of job creation and destruction in an economy with as much vitality as Americas.
The movement of jobsto the developingcountries does not alterthe overall level ofemployment in theadvanced economies;however, the pattern ofemployment, to besure, does change. Inthe aggregate, this isdesirable, just as it isdesirable that labour-saving technologicalprogress should changethe pattern ofemployment.
The new jobs migration, while raising no new issues of principle, may indeed involve bigger political and economic strains than earlier bursts of expanding trade. Workers in manufacturing had long understood that they were exposed to the challenge of competition from overseas.