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Mastitis
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  • 1. Clinical signs1-Peracute mastitis:*severe systemic reaction (fever , anorexia , depression(*painful & hot swelling of the the udder*blood stained milk secretion*recumbancy due to toxamia2-Acute mastitis*painful , hot swelling of the udder*change in consistancy of milk , presence of flakes orpus*swelling of supramammary L.N
  • 2. 3-Chronic mastitis:*fibrosis & atrophy of the udder*change in milk in the form of clots4-streptococcal mastitis: ch` by:*fever*inflammation of the udder*watery milk5-staphylococcal mastitis: ch` by:*severe systemic reaction*severe swelling of the udder*gangrene & sloughing of the affected quartermay occur after 1 week*poor in its response to antibiotic
  • 3. 6-coliform mastitis: ch` by*more common around calving ch` by peracute form7-Tuberculous mastitis: → chronic disease , ch` by:*induration of the udder*enlargement of supramammary L.N*milk contain fine flocules → settle down after milk leftstand → clear amber color8-mycoplasma mastitis: ch`by*sudden onset*involvement of all quarter*severe swelling of the udder*milk contain granular deposite (fine sandy material &flakes) → after milk left stand → turbid wheysupernant*complet cessation of milk secretion
  • 4. 9-pasteurella mastitis: common in sheep , ch` by:*systemic reaction*acute swelling of the udder*watery milk*the udder become blue & cold (gangrenous mastitis)10-Mycotic mastitis:)1(in case of cryptococcus:*swelling of udder & supramammary L.N*severe ↓ in milk yield*section of viscid mucoid gray white secretion)2(in case of candida*fever*severe inflammation of udder*swelling of supremammary L.N*presence of large yellow clots in watery fluid
  • 5. (3)in case of aspiragillus:*presence of abcesses in udder surrounded by fibroustissue**D.D: from:1-physiological edema:*occur after calving*painless swelling of the udder & edema may extendalong abdomen*normal ch` of milk + blood from 1 quarter*it disappear within 2-3 days*it responds rapidly to diuretics
  • 6. 2-Bloody milk dut to leptospira*flaccid udder & flappy*the blood come from all quarter*no inflammation of the udder*has bloody urine3-bloody milk due to truma:*blood only without milk*treatment of trumatic bloody milk:1-I/ mammary infusion of epinephrine alone or withsaline (1 - 2 amp.(2-I/V injection of Cal-D-Mag → 50-100 cm3-I/M injection of Vit.K→ amri K 1 amp. / 70 kg B.wt4-cold application
  • 7. Treatment of mastitis:1. I/M injection of panTerramycin → 1cm/10kg b.wt /24 hr / for 5successive days or streptopencid → 2 vial /12hr / I.M / 5 days(in case of systemic reactiononly)2. Udder infusion with antibiotic (in mastitis drug – in drug index)N.B :*It is very necessary to evacuate the quarter before infusion ofthe drug I/mammary*make massage for the udder after drug infusion*milk from treated cows must be not used for humanconsumption for a period of time (acc,. To the used drug)3. Drying off the chronically affected quarter by produce chemicalmastitis by :-udder infusion of 30-60 ml of silver nitrate solution orcopper sulphate 5 %or 100-300 ml of acriflavin solution 1/500
  • 8. 4- supportive treatment :*I/V injection of glucose 25% → 1-2 liter*I/V injection of Avil → 1 amp./70 kg B.wt*local application of cold fomentation (ice bag) on theudder(in acute cases)