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Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
Introduction to laboratory safty
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Introduction to laboratory safty

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  • 1. VET. HEBATULLAH ELDEMNAWY INTRODUCTION TO LAB. SAFETY
  • 2. CONTENTS • Hazards • Precaution
  • 3. LABORATORY HAZARDS • Chemical hazards. • flammable • toxic • oxidizing • reactive • corrosive • Biological hazards. • viruses • bacteria • parasites • rickettsiae • fungi .
  • 4. LABORATORY HAZARDS • Physical and mechanical hazards. • ionizing and non-ionizing radiation • electrical • poor equipment design or work organization (ergonomic hazards) • tripping hazards.
  • 5. TOXIC CHEMICALS • Chemicals can gain entry into the body by: • Inhalation of gases, vapours and particulate material (e.g. mists, dusts, smoke, fumes) • Absorption through skin of liquids, solids, gases and vapours • Ingestion of chemicals directly or indirectly via contaminated foods and beverages and contact between mouth and contaminated hands (nail- biting, smoking) • Injection of chemicals through needles and other contaminated laboratory sharps
  • 6. DURING LABORATORY WORK YOU MUST KNOW THE FOLLOWING: • Restrict laboratory access to authorized persons only. • Smoking; eating; drinking; storing food, beverages or tobacco; applying cosmetics or lip balm and handling contact lenses are not permitted in laboratories.
  • 7. DURING LABORATORY WORK YOU MUST KNOW THE FOLLOWING: • Wear lab coats (knee length) and safety glasses in laboratories employing chemicals, biohazards or radioisotopes. Open shoes, such as sandals, should never be worn in the lab. • Tie back or restrain long hair, cut off long nails.
  • 8. DURING LABORATORY WORK YOU MUST KNOW THE FOLLOWING: • Walk, do not run, in the lab. • Report accidents and dangerous incidents. • Wash your hands thoroughly before leaving the laboratory. • Handle all human blood and body fluids as if potentially infectious.
  • 9. DURING LABORATORY WORK YOU MUST KNOW THE FOLLOWING: • Never pipette by mouth ; use mechanical transfer devices.
  • 10. BEFORE STARTING TO WORK IN A LABORATORY, YOU MUST KNOW THE FOLLOWING: • The hazards of the materials in the lab. • The material safety data sheets (MSDSs) before moving, handling or opening chemicals. N.B. Never use a product from an unlabeled container. • the location of safety and emergency equipment such as fire extinguishers, eye wash and shower, first aid and fire alarm pull stations, telephone and emergency exits.
  • 11. DURING LABORATORY WORK YOU MUST KNOW THE FOLLOWING: • Report accidents and dangerous incidents to your supervisor . • In case of centrifuge accidents, and if you are using glass containers, wait for 30 minutes after the accident before handling the centrifuge , to avoid splashes of infective materials. • Use strong rubber gloves during Handing broken glass.
  • 12. CLEANING UP BEFORE LEAVING Perform a safety check at the end of each experiment and before leaving the lab. Make sure to: •Turn off gas, water, electricity, and heating apparatus. •Return unused materials, equipment and apparatus to their proper storage locations. •Label, package and dispose of all waste material properly. •Decontaminate any equipment or work areas that may have been in contact with hazardous materials. •Leave behind protective clothing (lab coats, gloves, etc.) when leaving the laboratory. •Close and lock the door to the laboratory if you are the last one to leave.

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