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Inca Civilization .DR Mahipal india
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Inca Civilization .DR Mahipal india

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  • 1. 1200-1532 A.D
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Located in the Andes Mountains of South America
    • West Coast of South American in Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina
    • Climate ranges from dry to snowy to hot jungle
    • Founded by Pacachuti
  • 4.
    • Capital city was Cuzco
      • Administrative center
      • Temple of the Sun- inside walls made of gold & perfectly cut stones
    • Machu Picchu the “Lost City of the Incas”
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • Ruled by an Emperor called the Sapa Inca and had absolute control
      • Divine – the son of the sun
      • Chief religious leader
      • Gold was his symbol and the “sweat of the sun”
    • The Queen was called the Coya
      • Performed religious functions
      • Served in absence of Sapa Inca
  • 8.
    • Officials collected taxes and enforced laws
      • Kept records on a quipu, which were knotted strings
  • 9.
    • Imposed Quechua language and religion on conquered people
    • Great system of roads adopted from the Mochia
      • Let armies and news travel rapidly
      • Cut into mountains and had many bridges
      • Ordinary people could not use the roads
    • Roads united large empire
  • 10. Bridge
  • 11.
    • People lived in close-knit communities called ayllus
      • One leader carried out government orders, assigned jobs and organized work
    • Regulated society by arranging marriages to make sure men and women settled down
    • People conquered by the Incans were put into Incan army
  • 12.
    • Farming
      • Created terraces in mountains to farm on secured by stone walls
      • Farmers spent part of year working land for emperor
      • Grew corn, potatoes, cotton, squash, and beans
      • Government gave part of harvest to people and stored the rest
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Trade
      • Traded new world vegetables and gold work
      • Speculation that Inca traded in open air markets
    • Domesticated the llama and the alpaca
  • 15.
    • Polytheistic
    • Part of everyday life, every month had a festival
      • Chief god was Inti, the Sun God
      • Chosen Women dedicated their lives to serving the sun god
  • 16.
    • Servants on earth of the Sun God, Inti
    • Specially chosen as girls, trained, and housed near the temple
    • After training, either married a noble, served the royal family, or become one of the Chosen Women
    • Made the clothes of the Sapa Inca and Coya since Sapa Inca could not wear the same clothes twice
  • 17.  
  • 18.
    • Involved mainly children
    • Happened around an important event
    • Could only be perfect children
    • Held a feast, took them to the top of a mountain, gave them something to intoxicate them
    • Were either strangled, hit on the head, or left to die of exposure
  • 19.  
  • 20.
    • Incas had no system of writing
    • Calendar of 15 months, each with 3 weeks of 10 days
    • Quipu measurement
    • Advanced medicine- antiseptics and skull surgery
    • Gold and silver works
  • 21.  
  • 22.
    • 1525 A.D.- Sapa Inca Huayna Capac died of plague
    • No successor leads to civil war, weakening the empire
    • 1531 A.D.- Spanish led by Francisco Pizzaro conquered the Inca empire

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