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famous egypt pharoas by Dr Mahipal

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  • I discovered in Gizeh plateau, Egypt, a huge HUMAN FACE image, very near of the Sphinx of Gizeh (Aerial Stern photography). http://webspace.webring.com/people/or/ramonetriu/giza-rostro.html



    GIZA EN EGIPTO; IMAGEN DE ROSTRO (FOTO AEREA) Resaltaba al iluminar el sol al ponerse. Ahora han hecho un enorme traslado de arena y desapareció.
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  • 1. Pharaohs of Egypt DR MAHIPAL REDDY NIZAMABAD INDIA
  • 2.  
  • 3. Pharaohs
    • Pharaohs were the kings of Egypt.
    • The word “Pharaoh” was used by the Greeks and Hebrews.
    • The title “Pharaoh” originated from the Greek language and it is used in the Old Testament.
    • According to Egyptian legend, the first kings of Egypt were later some of the most famous gods.
    • All of the Pharaohs we know today existed at the end of the Predynastic period.
  • 4. Responsibility Of Pharaohs
    • Pharaohs ruled with absolute power. There were few if any challenged against the King.
    • Despite absolute power the Pharaoh was expected to rule subject to Ma’at.
    • Ma’at was the goddess and symbol of the equilibrium of the universe.
    • The Pharaoh was expected to govern according to the principles of Ma’at.
    • Any King that attempted to radically change society would be seen as destroying the equilibrium that was so important to Egyptian tradition.
  • 5. Succession
    • To keep the pure line of succession, a Pharaoh passed on the throne to the eldest son born of the Principal Queen, or Great Royal Wife.
    • Each king was usually keen to demonstrate to his subjects that he was the “chosen” heir.
    • The Pharaoh owned all of the land, people, and possessions in Egypt.
    • Any personal wealth enjoyed by Egyptians people was considered a result of the generosity of the King.
  • 6. Major Male Pharaohs
    • There were several Pharaohs of Egypt. However, we will focus on the main male Pharaohs:
        • Menes
        • Tuthmosis III
        • Akenaton
        • Djoser
        • Ramses II
        • Khufu
        • Tutankhamen
  • 7. Menes
    • Founding King of the 1 st Dynasty
    • Ruled between 3100-2850 B.C.E
    • First Pharaoh to unify upper and lower Egypt into one Kingdom
    • Ancient Egypt’s form of a civilization began with King Menes.
    • He created the city of Memphis because of its good location. It would be easy top defend against any attacks.
    • During his reign he expanded his kingdom and developed commercial trade links.
  • 8. Menes
    • His chief wife was Queen Berenib, although she wasn’t the mother of his heir: Djer.
    • The mother of Djer was Neithotepe, Menes’ other wife.
    • He died at the age of 63.
    • According to legend he was attacked by wild dogs or Nile crocodiles at Faiyum.
    • He died leaving behind the legacy of a powerful civilization.
    • His tomb lays at Saqqara, the farmed area of Memphis.
  • 9. Tuthmosis III
    • The son of Tuthmosis II and Isris
    • When is father died his stepmother, Hatsheput, took charge.
    • She was Tuthmosis III co-regent and for 20 years he was pushed into the background as she ruled Egypt.
    • When she died Tuthmosis III came to the throne.
    • As an act of revenge or retribution, he destroyed as many of Hatsheput’s statues, monuements and buildings.
  • 10. Tuthmosis III
    • He was remembered for is successful military capaigns.
    • He had numerous victories against Syria, Libya and Nubia.
    • In his lifetime he married several foreign princesses, apparently for diplomatic reasons.
    • His chief queen was Hatsheput-Merytre.
    • King Tuthmosis III established Egypt as a powerful military strength.
    • King Tuthmosis III died in his 55 th year of reigning and was buried in the Valley of the Kings.
  • 11. Akenaton
    • Original name was Amonhotep IV.
    • Reigned 1350-1334 B.C.E
    • He wanted to change the Egyptian supreme god from Amon-Re to Aton.
    • Therefore he changed his name to Akenaton which means “he who serves Aton”
    • He also built a new city called Akhetaton.
    • This was the first attempt at radically changing the Egyptian religion.
  • 12. Akenaton
    • His wife was Nefertiti who was known for her beauty.
    • Today, Akenaton is remembered for trying to introduce monotheism to Egypt.
    • Monotheism means only one god:Aton.
    • It is not sure how Akenaton died but the text two kings, Smenkhkara and Tutankhamun were apparently son’s-in-law to Akenaton.
    • After his reign Egypt returned back to their old Gods.
  • 13. Djoser
    • Djoser reigned for about 19 years.
    • His right hand man, Imhotep, was famous for his genius.
    • Imhotep came up with the idea of the step pyramid.
    • The pyramids design consisted of six giant steps and contained many chambers and secret tunnels.
    • It is believed that during Djoser’s reign, he extended the Egyptian Southern Border all the way to the Nile’s First Cataract.
    • He left behind the legacy of the step pyramid, which was the basis of all other pyramids to come.
  • 14. Rames II
    • Went to the throne at the age of 20 and reigned for 67 years.
    • This was the second longest reign for any Egyptian King.
    • Ramses is remembered for constructing many architectural marvels.
    • Constructed more colossal statues than any other Egyptian King.
    • Two of his greatest monuments are the two huge temples at Abu Simbel.
  • 15. Ramses II
    • Ramses also had many military victories.
    • Not long after the reign of Ramses II, Egypt was invaded and eventually fell to the rule of foreigners.
    • Ramses not only excelled in architecture but he also had a great number of wives.
    • By the end of his life Ramses had over 100 children!
    • After his death Ramses son, Menataph, became the heir to the throne.
  • 16. Khufu
    • Khufu lived from 2589-2566 B.C.E
    • He reigned for around 24 years.
    • Khufu is most remembered for building Great Pyramid of Giza.
    • The pyramid originally stood 481 feet tall.
    • Khufu had many sons but the one chosen to be his successor was Djedefre.
    • Khufu left behind the legacy of the Great Pyramid and even today it’s still a mystery to how it was built.
  • 17. Tutankhamen
    • King Tutankhamen came to the throne at a very young age.
    • When his father died, believed to be Akhenaton, he became King at age 10.
    • King Tutankhamen helped restore Egypt's old beliefs from when his father tried to make Egypt a monotheism society.
    • He died suddenly at the young age of 18 by a blow to the back of his head.
    • Since his tomb had not yet been made, he was laid in a tomb of a member of the nobility.
    • He is famous today because of his tomb found by archaeologists. Some say it was the most important archaeological find.
  • 18. Bibliography
    • Brier, Bob. PhD. History of ancient Egypt. The First Nation in History. The Learning Company. 2001.
    • Dowling, Mike. The Pharaoh. West Palm Beach Florida, 23 Oct. 2004. 18 Oct. 2006 http://www.mrdowling.com/604-pharaoh.html .
    • Dunn, Jimmy. Egypt Feature Story The Kings (Pharaohs) of Ancient Egypt. 1996. 18 Oct. 2006 http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/pharaohs.htm .
    • Newman, Garfield. Echoes from the Past. Whitby, Ontario: McGraw - Hill Ryerson Limited, 2001.
    • “ Pharaoh.&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 18 t. 2006 . < http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9059581 >.
    • THE ASTRA CORPORATION LIMITED . Egyptology Online: Discovering Ancient Egypt. 2001. 18 Oct. 2006 http://www.egyptologyonline.com/pharaohs.htm . 
  • 19. Discussion Questions
    • In your opinion, was it right for the Pharaohs to rule with absolute power? Explain.
    • Do you think Egypt would be so well known today if Pharaohs did not exist?
    • In ancient Egypt all property belonged to the Pharaohs, would our society be successful if this was true today about the Prime Minister.
  • 20. THE END!!!

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