Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Class4 Fundamental Rights
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Class4 Fundamental Rights

2,177

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,177
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
78
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  1. THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA and PROFESSIONAL ETHICS CIP 81 Fundamental Rights C lass # 02 Week :Feb 04-09
  2. <ul><li>Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Doctrine that all goods ,means of production etc. should be the property of the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Policy aiming at ownership of means of production and transport, etc. by the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Marxism </li></ul><ul><li>of Karl marks; Doctrine of materialist conception. </li></ul>
  3. Art 19 Six Freedoms of citizens Art 19(1)(g) Right to practice any profession or to carryon any occupation, trade or business. Art 19(1)(e) Right to Residance. Art 19(1)(d) Right to Freedom of Movement Art 19(1)(c) Right to form Association. Art 19(1)(b) Right to Assembly Art 19(1)(a) Right to speech &Expression
  4. Right to Freedom Art 19-22 <ul><li>Article 19. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc. The six Freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>19(1) All citizens shall have the right </li></ul><ul><li>(a) to freedom of speech and expression </li></ul><ul><li>(b) to assemble peacefully and without arms; </li></ul><ul><li>(c) to form associations or unions; </li></ul><ul><li>(d) to move freely throughout the territory of India; </li></ul><ul><li>(e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India; </li></ul><ul><li>(f) The right to hold and dispose of property ( omitted by Constitution(44 th amendment ) Act, 1978) </li></ul><ul><li>(g) to practice any profession or to carryon any occupation , trade or business. </li></ul>
  5. Art.19 : Right to freedom of speech and expression <ul><li>(2) Nothing in sub-clause (a) clause(1)of this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law, in so far such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub-clause in the interest of </li></ul><ul><li>The sovereign and integrity of India, </li></ul><ul><li>the security of the state </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly relations with foreign States </li></ul><ul><li>Public order, decency or morality, </li></ul><ul><li>Or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence. </li></ul>
  6. Art.19 : Right to freedom of speech and expression <ul><li>Own view points & opinions freely through </li></ul><ul><li>Words, in writing , or in printing , or any other mode of visual representation- -- </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures , signs , and the like. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes Freedom of Press -- Fourth estate. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Security of state : Serious and aggravated </li></ul><ul><li>forms of public disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Armed rebellion, Waging war against the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurrection. NOT ordinary breach of public order and public safety, such as unlawful assembly, riot, affray (fight/brawl) etc. </li></ul>
  7. Art.19 : Right to freedom of speech and expression <ul><li>b) Friendly relations with foreign States: </li></ul><ul><li>to forbid unrestrained malicious propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Against a foreign friendly State which may jeopardize </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between India and that State. </li></ul><ul><li>c) public order is more than law and order </li></ul><ul><li>Synonymous with Public peace, safety & tranquility. </li></ul><ul><li>d) decency or morality : lack of obscenity, social/ community morals. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be suppressed & punished. </li></ul>
  8. Art.19 : Right to freedom of speech and expression <ul><li>e) contempt of court: Civil & criminal </li></ul><ul><li>Civil contempt : Willful disobedience to any judgment, decree direction, order, writ , or other process of the court. Or breach of an undertaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal contempt means publication of any matter or the doing of any other act whatsoever which lowers the authority of the court obstructs the administration of justice in any other manner. </li></ul><ul><li>f) Defamation : Intentional false communication published, publicly spoken , </li></ul><ul><li>Injures other person’s reputation , good name, ridicule, scorn, contempt , in a respectable & considerable part of the community </li></ul>
  9. Art.19 : Right to freedom of speech and expression <ul><li>Libel: defaming a person through printing, writing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Slander: defaming a person through spoken words or gestures. </li></ul><ul><li>g) Incitement into an offence : </li></ul><ul><li>“ offence” shall mean “ any act or omission made punishable by any law for the time being in force” </li></ul><ul><li>Court decides in each case. </li></ul><ul><li>h) Integrity and sovereignty of India: Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Not to be used to assail the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus Parliament has legitimate authority under this clause to restrict the right of free speech if it threatens the unity & integrity of India </li></ul><ul><li>Maneka Gandhi V. Union of India </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of silence: Bijoe emmanuel V. State of Kerala </li></ul>
  10. Right to Freedom Art 19-22 <ul><li>(3) Nothing in sub-clause (b) the said clause </li></ul><ul><li>shall affect the operation of any existing law </li></ul><ul><li>in so far such it imposes </li></ul><ul><li>or prevent the State from making any law imposing, </li></ul><ul><li>in the interest of </li></ul><ul><li>The sovereign and integrity of India, </li></ul><ul><li>or Public order, </li></ul><ul><li>reasonable restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>on the exercise of the </li></ul><ul><li>right conferred by the said sub-clause </li></ul>
  11. (b) to assemble peacefully and without arms; <ul><li>Right To hold meeting & to take out processions. </li></ul><ul><li>2 restrictions in the interest of public order or sovereignty of India </li></ul><ul><li>1) assembly must be unarmed </li></ul><ul><li>2) peaceful assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Himmat Lal V. Police Commissioner Ahmedabad 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>A rule banning holding meeting on public street without police permission has been held invalid. </li></ul><ul><li>Student Strike 5 days notice cannot abridge or take away </li></ul><ul><li>Can make regulations </li></ul>
  12. (c) Freedom to form associations or unions; <ul><li>Includes right to form companies, societies, partnerships, trade unions , and political parties </li></ul><ul><li>REASONABLE Restrictions : “ The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. </li></ul><ul><li>Ayodha issue : banned VHP,RSS, Bajrngdal etc , </li></ul><ul><li>UP Shramik Maha Sangha V. State of UP: A rule provided that Labour Union could not represent the parties in an Industrial dispute unless it has been approved by the Labour Commissioner for this purpose. The application for approval could be made only two years after its formation and the labor commissioner had absolute discretion to accept or reject this application. These conditions were found to be ultra vires contravening Art 19(1)(c) </li></ul><ul><li>to move freely throughout the territory of India; </li></ul><ul><li>-- RR in the interest of Public Interest and </li></ul><ul><li>for the protection of scheduled tribe </li></ul>

×