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Chapt14

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Transcript

  • 1. Managing Engineering and Technology Third Edition Babcock and Morse
    • Project Planning and Acquisition
    • Chapter 14
  • 2. Advanced Organizer
  • 3. Chapter Objective
    • Describe the management tools used in project planning
  • 4. A Project
    • A project is a one-time job that has definite starting and ending points, clearly defined objectives, scope, and (usually) a budget.
  • 5. Essential Considerations of a Project
      • Cost
      • Schedule
      • Performance
  • 6. Project Proposal Process
    • Description of what is to be accomplished
    • Proposal or estimate of time
    • Proposal or estimate of cost
  • 7. Project Proposal Process
    • Pro-active businesses prepare in advance
      • Technical capabilities/skills/skill mix
      • Assessment of future technologies
      • Assessment of future markets
    • Proposals are expensive to complete
  • 8. Proposal Preparation
    • Based on RFP
      • Statement of Work (SOW)
      • Schedule
      • Specifications
      • Standard Clauses
  • 9. Proposal Preparation
    • Government vs. Commercial
    • Reviewed extensively by both parties
    • May become basis for contract (including 1st and 2nd tier specifications)
  • 10. Managing a Project
  • 11. Define the Problem
    • What is the Purpose?
    • What Client Need Is Being Satisfied by the Project?
  • 12. Plan the Project
    • What must be done?
    • Who will do it?
    • How will it be done?
    • When must it be done?
    • How much will it cost?
    • What do we need to do it?
  • 13. Effective Planning
    • Plan to plan
    • People implementing plan should be involved in preparing plan
    • What is the Purpose?
  • 14. Planning Mission Statement
    • What do we do?
    • For whom do we do it?
    • How do we go about it?
  • 15. Planning Develop Objectives
    • Specific
    • Measurable
    • Attainable
    • Realistic
    • Time-limited
    • Consistent with organizational plans
  • 16. Project Planning Tools
    • SOW
      • Scope of work
      • Itemized tasks to be performed
      • Deliverables
      • Data Items
      • Reports
  • 17. Project Planning Tools
    • Milestone Schedule
      • Key dates
      • May include entrance and exit criteria for each milestone
  • 18. Project Planning Tools
    • Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
      • Level-by-level subdivision of work to be performed in a contract
      • Common framework or outline
      • Complicated task is subdivided into several smaller tasks
      • Process continued until task can no longer be subdivided
  • 19. Project Planning Tools
    • Gantt Charts (Henry L. Gantt)
      • Tasks
      • Precedence Relationship
      • Duration
  • 20. Project Planning Tools
    • Network Scheduling Systems
      • Critical Path Method (CPM); construction
      • Program Evaluation Review Technique (PERT); aerospace and related industry
        • Optimistic
        • Likely
        • Pessimistic
  • 21. Types of Contracts
    • Fixed-Price
      • Firm Fixed-price
      • Fixed-price with escalation
      • Fixed-price, redeterminable
      • Fixed-price, incentive
  • 22. Types of Contracts
    • Cost Type
      • Cost plus incentive fee
      • Cost plus fixed-fee
      • Time and materials