Chapt07

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Chapt07

  1. 1. Managing Engineering and Technology Third Edition Babcock and Morse <ul><li>Motivating and Leading Technical People </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 7 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Advanced Organizer
  3. 3. Chapter Objectives <ul><li>Recognize the different views of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the nature of leadership </li></ul>
  4. 4. Motivation <ul><li>McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y </li></ul><ul><li>Content theories </li></ul><ul><li>Process theories </li></ul>
  5. 5. Motivation <ul><li>Content Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on human needs and people’s effort to satisfy them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maslow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herzberg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McClelland </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Maslow’s Hierarchy <ul><li>Physiological </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Self-actualization </li></ul>
  7. 7. Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory <ul><li>Motivator factors that are intrinsic to the job </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene factors that are intrinsic to the job </li></ul>
  8. 8. McClelland’s Trio of Needs <ul><li>Achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Motivation <ul><li>Process Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumes that behavioral choices are based on expected outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equity - Adams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectancy - Vroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior Modification - Skinner </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Leadership <ul><li>Nature of Leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the ability to get people to do what they don’t want to do and like it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leadership Traits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Qualities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Attributes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character Attributes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual Qualities </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Leadership Continuum <ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul><ul><li>Diplomatic </li></ul><ul><li>Consultative </li></ul><ul><li>Participative </li></ul>
  12. 12. Differences Among Technical Professionals <ul><li>Scientists versus engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Field of technical employment </li></ul>

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