A Handbook of Research In Entrepreneurship Education Course: Research Methodology Professor: Dr.Arabiun Chapter 6: page 132-136 MaryamMahinrad
Conceptual Framework of entrepreneurial education at an entrepreneurially oriented university Entrepreneurship education activity Institutional culture University environment (static) Static element University environment (dynamic) 1.Innovative 2.Proactive 3.Willing to take reasonable risk Dynamic element Entrepreneurial orientation Innovation Proactiveness Risk-taking
University culture affects the entrepreneurship education activity within the university
The culture of the university has a significant influence on learning experiences of the student entrepreneur.
It has been suggested that student entrepreneurs benefit more from university environment and the ‘ cultural orientation’ than from course content( Raffo et al.,2000)
University culture consists of static and dynamic components
According to Klofsten ; universities need to have both types of competencies( static and dynamic) in order to achieve effective education of entrepreneurs.
Barriers to innovation at the university are insular culture, bureaucracy and specialization. Accordingly, the rate of change at universities where these barriers are strong is very low.
These are good examples of the static component of the university culture.
What do students seem to be lacking ?
Entrepreneurship theory in essence teaches students ‘what’ they ought to do. It is not surprising that many former students of entrepreneurship have communicated the need to be taught ‘how to’ do things , instead of knowing what’ to do.
Theory is often static(that is, not changing at the rate of the ‘outside’ world),the students seem to be lacking the ‘dynamic’ component of that change(that is , the current , applied, constantly developing insights)
Teaching entrepreneurship most effectively: Challenges:
The dynamic nature of entrepreneurship
In order to keep in touch with new insights and developments, the university must adapt and progress at the rate of change comparable to the outside entrepreneurial environment.
Having the culture and the structure that will support frequent changes.
The more entrepreneurially oriented the university is, the greater its ability to effectively teach entrepreneurship.
Klofsten found that in order for a university to train entrepreneurs, the university must ensure there is the ‘ creation and maintenance of an enterprising culture on the whole at the university’
The static component of the institutional culture has a direct effect on the static component of the entrepreneurship education activity
The dynamic component of the institutional culture has a direct effect on the dynamic component of the entrepreneurship education activity.
An increase in the university’s entrepreneurial orientation(by increasing organizational innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking tolerance) will lead to an increase in the dynamic component of institutional culture.
An increase in innovation , proactiveness and risk-taking tolerance within the institutional culture will lead to an increase in the dynamic component of the entrepreneurship education activity of the university.