1. Presented by :Maheta Arati R.
Roll No: 39
Course No:2(The Neo- Classical Literature)
Topic :Changing Identity of Gulliver
Submitted to Department of English (MKBU)
2. Introduction of book
•Title : Gulliver's
•Type of work: Novel
•Published in 1726.
3. Jonathan Swift
Born: 30November1667 Dublin
Died: 19 October
1745 (aged 77)
political pamphleteer Poet,
A Modest Proposal
A Tale of a Tub
different identity of Gulliver?
Part-1 A voyage to Lilliput.
•Gulliver’s experience in the land
of little people, who are no more
than six inches tall.
• In this voyage he was like giant
Gulliver among the Lilliputians .
•In the behavior of the
Lilliputians seen a scathing satire
on the moral pettions of humans.
5. Part- 2 A voyage to Brobdingnag
In this part the situation is reversed.
Daughter of farmer take care of Gulliver
and they use of Gulliver as a entertainer.
Gulliver is marooned(feel alone and
helplessness)and very small in the land of
giants who are over forty feet tall. although
he wants he can’t escape from the place
where he was.
He now become midget(very short)like
Lilliputians he had laughed on them when
he was in Lilliput.
The malignancy of human as a political
animal and the accompanying propensity
for destruction are presented by Gulliver.
It parts ends up when he was in a miniature
box which is picked up by a giant eagle and
dropped into the ocean
train Gulliver as
7. Part-3 A Voyage to Laputa.
It is a satire on the scientist and
philosopher of the age.
Here Gulliver saw that the people
are do west of money and also west
of time in unimportant things.
Glubbdubdrib is the island of
sorcerers and magicians where it is
possible to summon people who
are dead to make an appearance.
Gulliver assumes himself by
summoning Homer and Aristotle
and comparing them and others.
The frightening emptiness and
sterility of a purely scientific
society without religion is evident
from this part.
8. Part-4 A Voyage to the country of
Houyhnhnms. In this part writer narrates the
experience of Gulliver in the land of
the Houyhnhnms or horses, and the
Gulliver is repulsed at being identified
with the Yahoos in the land of the
In his conversation with the masterhorse(whose language Gulliver has
learnt)he explains the customs
practiced in England, including the
wearing of clothes by humans(who
resemble the Yahoos),the govern ment
of the people, the legal system, and the
uses of money as instruments of
10. •The horses with their total lack of feelings and emotion are seen as
being far from ideal.
•Swift seems to indicate to us that the nature of the human is
complex and defies definition unlike that of the Yahoos and
•In this last part of the book Gulliver find himself in look ,speech
and manner becoming more and more like the Houyhnhnms .
•He grows content living with hi Houyhnhnms master and hopes to
be like them as possible.
•However ,fortune does not favor him and it is decreed that he must
leave the land for he is after all a Yahoo to the Houyhnhnms .
•Thus in different four parts of book
represent Gulliver's changing identity.