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Topic: Deconstruction
Paper no.7:Literary Theory & Criticism
Prepared by: Arati R.Maheta
Roll No.:3
P.G.Enrollment No.:...
Jacques Derrida
• Related works by Derrida
1Antecedent example: the Phenomenology vs.
Structuralism debate
2Différance
3Of...
What is Deconstruction?
• Deconstruction (French: déconstruction) is a form
of philosophical and literary analysis derived...
Various term by various critics
Darrida
Richard
Ellmann
1
2
Jeffry
Fischer
• “It goes without saying that these effects do not suffice to
annul the necessity for a “change of terrain.” It also goes...
Main characteristics
Main Characteristics
• Deconstruction tries to reinstate language within
the connections of the various terms that have
c...
Main figures
• Jacques Derrida (1930–2004)
• Jacques Derrida is responsible for the
pervasive phenomenon in modern litera...
• Derrida has conducted deconstructive
readings of numerous major thinkers.
• Derrida’s seminal work, “Structure, Sign, an...
Conclusion
• Finally, Derrida argues that it is not enough to deconstruction to expose
the way oppositions work and how me...
• Follow me:
– Facebook:
– www.facebook.com/arati.angel.96
– Google Plus
– www.plus.google.com/Arati Maheta
• For assignme...
03 arati p 7
03 arati p 7
03 arati p 7
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  1. 1. Topic: Deconstruction Paper no.7:Literary Theory & Criticism Prepared by: Arati R.Maheta Roll No.:3 P.G.Enrollment No.:13101019 Sem:2 Email id: davearati656@gmail.com Submitted to:Smt.S.B.Gardi Department of English Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar
  2. 2. Jacques Derrida • Related works by Derrida 1Antecedent example: the Phenomenology vs. Structuralism debate 2Différance 3Of Grammatology 4Speech and Phenomena 5Writing and Difference 6Derrida's later work
  3. 3. What is Deconstruction? • Deconstruction (French: déconstruction) is a form of philosophical and literary analysis derived principally from Jacques Derrida's 1967 work Of Grammatology • In the 1980s it designated more loosely a range of theoretical enterprises in diverse areas of the humanities and social sciences, including—in addition to philosophy and literature— law anthropology, historiography, linguistics, sociolinguistics, psychoanalysis, political theory, feminism, gay and lesbian studies
  4. 4. Various term by various critics Darrida
  5. 5. Richard Ellmann
  6. 6. 1 2
  7. 7. Jeffry Fischer
  8. 8. • “It goes without saying that these effects do not suffice to annul the necessity for a “change of terrain.” It also goes without saying that the choice between these two forms of deconstruction cannot be simple and unique. A new writing must weave and interlace these two motifs of deconstruction. Which amounts to saying that one must speak several languages and produce several texts at once. I would like to point out especially that the style of the first deconstruction is mostly that of the Heideggerian questions, and the other is mostly the one which dominates France today. I am purposely speaking in terms of a dominant style: because there are also breaks and changes of terrain in texts of the Heideggerian type; because the “change of terrain” is far from upsetting the entire French landscape to which I am referring; because what we need, perhaps, as Nietzsche said, is a change of “style”; and if there is style, Nietzsche reminded us, it must be plural.” Derrida In Margins of Philosophy
  9. 9. Main characteristics
  10. 10. Main Characteristics • Deconstruction tries to reinstate language within the connections of the various terms that have conventionally dominated Western thought: the connections between thought and reality, self and world, subject and object. • For deconstructionists, there is no “truth” or “reality” which somehow stands outside or behind language: truth is a relation of linguistic terms, and reality is a construct, ultimately religious, social, political, and economic, but always of language, of various linguistic registers.
  11. 11. Main figures • Jacques Derrida (1930–2004) • Jacques Derrida is responsible for the pervasive phenomenon in modern literary and cultural theory known as “deconstruction.” • He was the most influential philosopher in70s&80 of last century. • His philosophy is the further extension of Structuralism and is better called as Post -structuralism
  12. 12. • Derrida has conducted deconstructive readings of numerous major thinkers. • Derrida’s seminal work, “Structure, Sign, and Play” exhibits some of the persistent concerns of deconstruction and reveals both what he owes to structuralism and his divergence from it.
  13. 13. Conclusion • Finally, Derrida argues that it is not enough to deconstruction to expose the way oppositions work and how meaning and values are produced and stop there in a nihilistic or cynic position regarding all meaning, "thereby preventing any means of intervening in the field effectively". • To be effective, deconstruction needs to create new terms, not to synthesize the concepts in opposition, but to mark their difference and eternal interplay. • This explains why Derrida always proposes new terms in his deconstruction, not as a free play but as a pure necessity of analysis, to better mark the intervals. • Derrida called undecidables, that is, unities of simulacrum, "false" verbal properties (nominal or semantic) that can no longer be included within philosophical (binary) opposition: but which, however, inhabit philosophical oppositions, resisting and organizing it, without ever constituting a third term, without ever leaving room for a solution in the form of speculative dialectics (e.g.différance, archi-writing, pharmakon, supplement, hymen, gram, spacing).
  14. 14. • Follow me: – Facebook: – www.facebook.com/arati.angel.96 – Google Plus – www.plus.google.com/Arati Maheta • For assignments, visit: – www.mahetaarati1315.blogspot.in • For more presentations, bookmark: – www.slideshare.net/mahetaarati656
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