DEFINITION OF RESEARCH.
Re-search-------Re- Again &
out some thing new.
Research is a careful inquiry or
examination in seeking facts or
principles, a diligent investigation to
Research is considered to be the
formal systematic intensive process of
carrying on the scientific methods of
analysis; it involves a more systematic
structure of investigation, usually
resulting in some sort of formal
record of procedures and a report of
results or conclusions
REDMAN & A.V.H.MORY
Research is a systematized
effort to gain new knowledge.
1.Research is directed towards the
solution of a problem.
2. Research attempts to answer a
question or to determine the
relationship between two or more
3.Research emphasizes the
development of generalization that
will be helpful in predicting future
4.Research is based on observable,
experience or empirical evidence.
5.Research demands accurate
observation and description.
(The researcher uses quantitative
numerical measuring devices).
6.Research involves gathering
new data from primary (or)
hand sources for a new
characterized by carefully
designed procedures and
applying rigorous analysis
9.Research strives to be objective
and logical applying every
possible test to validate the
10.Research is characterized by
patient & unhurried activity.
11.Research is carefully
recorded & reported.
12. Research requires
NEED FOR RESEARCH
Nursing research is needed to
discover, verify, structure & restructure the professional knowledge.
The main needs are to
1. build body of nursing knowledge.
2. validate the
3. make the health care
efficient as well as cost
The Following are the needs for Nursing ‘R’
Nursing aim’s at
1. MOULDING THE ATTITUDES AND
INTELLECTUAL COMPETENANCE AND
2. FILL THE GAPS IN THE KNOWLEDGE
3. FOSTER A COMMITMENT,
ACCOUNTABILITY TO CLIENTELE
4. PROVIDE BASIS FOR
5. PROVIDE BASIS FOR
6. IDENTIFYING THE ROLE OF NURSE
IN CHANGING SOCIETY.
7. DISCOVER NEW MEASURES FOR
8. HELP THE ADMINISTRATORS IN
MAKING PROMPT DECISIONS TO
9. HELP TO IMPROVE THE STANDARDS
IN NURSING EDUCATION
10. RETURNING THE EXISTING
THEORIES AND DISCOVERING NEW
THE RESERCH PROCESS/ STEPS IN RESEARCH
POPULATION & SAMPLE
METHODS OF MEASUREMENT