Integrated Child Development Scheme in India

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Integrated Child Development Scheme in India

  1. 1. INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES IN INDIA • DR.MAHESWARI JAIKUMAR
  2. 2. ICDS • Important scheme in the field of child welfare. • The blue print of the programme was prepared in 1975. • Was taken up as a pilot project in 75 -76 in Delhi (4 urban & 19 rural areas & 10 tribal areas)
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES 1. To improve the nutritional & health status of children in the age group 0-6 yrs. 2. To lay the foundations for proper psychological, physical & social development of the child.
  4. 4. 3. To reduce mortality & morbidity, malnutrition & school drop out. 4. To achieve an effective co ordination of policy & implementation among various departments working for the promotion of child development.
  5. 5. 5. To enhance the capability of the mother & nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition & health education.
  6. 6. HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM 1.Implementd through ANGANWADI CENTRES. 2.revised norm for AWC rural & urban areas: a.AWC for 400-800 pop. b.AWC for 800-1200 pop. c.AWC for 1600-2400 pop (for multiples of 800 pop –MINI AWC for 150-400 pop)
  7. 7. FOR TRIBAL & HILLY AREAS 1 AWC for 300-800 pop. 1 MINI AWC for 150-300 pop
  8. 8. PACKAGE OF SERVICES BENEFICIARY SERVICES PREGNANT WOMEN 1. Health Check up. 2. Immunization against tetanus. 3. Supplementary nutrition. 4. Nutrition & Health Education. NURSING MOTHERS 1. Health check ups. 2. Supplementary nutrition. 3. Nutrition & Health Education.
  9. 9. PACKAGE OF SERVICES BENEFICIARY SERVICES OTHER WOMEN 15-45 yrs 1. Nutrition & Health Education. 2. Supplementary nutrition. CHILDREN < 3 YRS 1. Health check ups. 2. Supplementary nutrition. 3. Immunization 4.Referral Services
  10. 10. PACKAGE OF SERVICES BENEFICIARY SERVICES CHILDREN 3-6 YRS 1. Supplementary nutrition. 2. 3. 4. 5. ADOLESCENT GIRLS 11-18 YRS Immunization. Health Check up. Referral services. Non formal education. 1. Supplementary nutrition. 2. Nutrition & Health Education.
  11. 11. DELIVERY OF HEALTH SERVICES
  12. 12. SUPLEMENTARY NUTRITION • THE AIM IS TO SUPPLEMENT NUTRITIONAL INTAKE AS FOLLOWS 1.Each child 6-72 Mo of age to get 500 Kcal & 1215 gms of protein /child/day. 2.Severely malnourished child (6-72 Mo) to get 800 Kcal & 20-25 gms of protein /child/day. 3.Each pregnant mother & nursing women to get 600 Kcal & 18-20 gms of protein/mother/day.
  13. 13. 1. Compulsory one meal to a child attending AWCs which includes providing a morning snaks in form of milk/bannana/egg/seasonal fruit/micro nutrient fortified food followed by cooked hot meal.
  14. 14. FOR CHILDREN < 3 YRS & PREGNANT & LACTATING MOTHER 1.“Take Home Ration” is provided. 2.All are eligible to avail services of ICDS 3.Supplementary nutrition is given for 300 days in a year.
  15. 15. 4. Children are weighed every month. 5.Nutrition & Health education is given to mothers of children suffering from 1st degree malnutrition. 6.Therapeutic food is given to children suffering from 2nd & 3rd degree malnutrition
  16. 16. 7.Children suffering from 4th degree malnutrition are recommended hospitalization.
  17. 17. NUTRITION & HEALTH EDUCATION • Nutrition education & Health Education is given to all women in the age group 15-45 yrs, giving priority to nursing & expectant mothers. • It is imparted by specially designed courses in village during home visits by anganwadi workers
  18. 18. IMMUNIZATION • CHILDREN : Immunization of children against 6 VPDs • MOTHERS: immunization against tetanus
  19. 19. HEALTH CHECK UP INCLUDES: 1.Antenatal care of expectant mothers. 2.Post natal care & new born care. 3.Care of children < 6 yrs.
  20. 20. 4.IFA supplementation along with protein for mothers. 5.A minimum of 3 physical examination. 6.Referral of High Risk Mothers
  21. 21. HEALTH CARE OF <6 YRS COMPONENTS 1.Record of weight & height of children at periodical intervals. 2.Watch over mile stones. 3.Immunization. 4.General check up every 3-6 Mo.
  22. 22. 5.Treatment for diseases like diarrhoea, dysentery, RTI. 6.Deworming. 7.Prophylaxis against Vit A deficiency & anaemia. 8.Referral of serious cases to hospital.
  23. 23. HEALTH RECORDS • Health records of children & mothers are maintained. • A card containing the health record of child is given to the mother.
  24. 24. NON FORMAL PRE - SCHOOL EDUCATION • Children between 3 & 6 yrs are imparted non formal pre school education. • The objective is to provide opportunities to develop desirable attitudes, values & behavioural pattern. • Locally produced in expensive toys are used in organizing play & creative activity.
  25. 25. SCHEMES FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS • KISHORI SAKTHI YOJANA. • NUTRITION PROGRAMME FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS
  26. 26. KISHORI SHAKTHI YOJANA • The scheme targets adolescent girls of 11 – 18 yrs. • The programme addresses their needs of self development, nutrition & health status, literacy & numerical skills & vocational skills.
  27. 27. NUTRITION PROGRAMME FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS • Was approved in 2009-10. • The project is implemented in 51 identified districts. • Undernourished girls (11-15 yrs) < 30 kg & (15-19 yrs) < 35 kg are covered under the scheme
  28. 28. • 6 kg of free food grain is provided for each beneficiary per month. • The programme is implemented through ICDS scheme at the state, Dt, block & Anganwadi centre level.
  29. 29. TWO MORE SCHEMES ARE ALSO IMPLEMENTED. • 1.RAJIV GANDHI SCHEME FOR EMPOWERMENT OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS, &”SABLA” (11-18 YRS) to improve their nutritional health status. • 2.GANDHI MATRUTVA SAHAYOG YOJNA (IGMSY) – Conditional cash transfer to pregnant women & lactating mothers to improve their nutritional status
  30. 30. ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT OF ICDS 1. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK. 2. TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT BLOCK
  31. 31. THANK YOU
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