DR. MAHESWARI JAIKUMAR
• Group Discussion
is a cooperative
seeks a consensus
solution of a
>6 to <20
• Group Discussion can be defined
as three or more participants who
have an agreed topic to discuss
and share their views in all the
aspects and submit / present their
views in the form of report to
• A well conducted group
discussion with adequate
resources is highly effective in
reaching decisions based on
the ideas of all the members.
• It is effective in changing the
attitude and behaviour of
• It provides an opportunity for
sharing information among the
members of the group.
• Members get an opportunity to
attend group consortium to gain
and share knowledge necessary to
achieve specific educational
• It develops the skills of group
development, group cohesiveness
and group socialization among
group members under the
leadership of teacher.
• A variety of information may be
learned in a short time, when a
number of people in a group share
their own experience and
knowledge with others.
• Helps in sharing and clarifying
information among the members of
• To assist the students to develop
belief regarding legal and
controversial issues as in
discussion : pros and cons of an
opinion is critically analysed by the
• Ideas or views expressed by
the group members should be
clear and concise.
• The members have to listen to
each other, as to what is
discussed among them.
• There should not be any
interruption when the member of
the group is discussing or
• Each member of the group should
accept the criticism gracefully, if
by a member is done.
• The group discussion should
reach to a conclusion.
• In group discussion, the relevant
remarks should be made by it's
members during discussion.
Group discussion technique involves :
1. proper planning of topic with
objectives and guidelines, proper
planning of the environment in which
discussion is arranged.
2. Adequate preparation of students in
relation to topic to be discussed is
mandatory for the sucess of group
3. Role of each member of group,
leader of group and role of
teacher need to be clarified.
4. Teacher opens the discussion
session with a brief introduction
of topic to be discussed with
objectives and guidelines.
5. Students are invited to express
their ideas or view points.
6. During discussion, teacher
assumes the role of facilitator.
7. One of the student among the
group records the proceedings.
8. Teacher controls the group
discussion by discouraging
over talkative students and un
involving the passive students in
9. The teacher clarifies the difficult
statements to avoid
misinterpretation and confusion
the process of discussion.
10. The teacher re directs the
course of discussion, if the
discussion is deviated from the pre
determined objectives or if
11. Teacher guides the students in
relation to pros and cons of the
view points and after analysing
the view points, a consensus is
• Once group discussion is
complete, a concluding note in the
form of summary of the
discussion, performance of the
students and a few words of
appreciation to encourage the
students to participate in the
forthcomming discussion is
written by the teacher.
• Each group member actively
participates in achieving the
• It boost's the self esteem and
moralee of students when their
view points are accepted and given
• It helps the student to develop a
problem solving approach while
working in a group.
• It also offers group members an
opportunity to express their
viewpoints and ideas in full
• Individuals in the group develop
social skills and feelings of team
• Group discussions are generally
time consuming and some and are
usually not completed in the
• Some members in the group may
dominate and some may be only
• Group discussion may not be very
effective method for large groups.
• Equal participation of group
members may not be possible.
• Adequate preparation is required
by each member to have a fruitful
discussion; else the discussion
may remain polarized.