DO'S & DONT'S IN A DISASTER

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DO'S & DONT'S IN A DISASTER

DO'S & DONT'S IN A DISASTER

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  • 1. Do’s & DONT’s IN A DISASTER DR. MAHESWARI JAIKUMAR
  • 2. THE PRIME DO / DON’T
  • 3. KEEP COOL
  • 4. DO NOT PANIC
  • 5. LISTEN TO NEWS
  • 6. FLOOD
  • 7. FLOOD
  • 8. TURN OFF THE ELECTRICITY TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTROCUTION.
  • 9. TURN OFF THE ELECTRICITY TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTROCUTION.
  • 10. PROTECT VULNERABLE PEOPLE FIRST.
  • 11. BEWARE OF WATER CONTAMINATION
  • 12. PROTECT PEOPLE & PROPERTY
  • 13. AVOID DANGER ZONES
  • 14. WAIT UNTIL WATER IS DECLARED SAFE
  • 15. CLEAN & DISINFECT ROOMS
  • 16. BOIL WATER
  • 17. GET FID OF STALE FOOD
  • 18. GET RID OF CONSUMABLES
  • 19. IMPORTANT DO’S • Your first priority should be your safety and the safety of your family. Also consider any elderly or vulnerable neighbours and make sure they are aware of the situation. • Stay alert and listen out for warnings by radio (wind up or battery).
  • 20. • Switch off all electrical and gas applicances and turn gas and electricity services off at the mains (make sure you know where these are and how to turn them off). • Move important items to safety (upstairs/as high as possible). • Listen to the advice of the Emergency Services and local authorities. If you do stay in your house, move upstairs in good time but bear in mind that you may have no power or water supply.
  • 21. IMPORTANT DONT’S • Do not walk through flood water. Flood water is dangerous; six inches of fast flowing water can knock a person over and there may be hidden dangers such as uncovered manholes or broken glass. (If you must walk through flood water, be VERY careful and use a pole or stick to test the water). • Do not swim through fast flooding water - you may get swept away or struck by an object in the water.
  • 22. • such as sudden drop-offs, fallen trees or fallen power lines. Do not drive through flood water. Flood water is dangerous there may be hidden hazards • Do not turn on electricity and gas supplies until a qualified electrician/engineer has checked them. Be alert for gas leaks - do not smoke or use candles or open flames.
  • 23. • Do not enter a property that has been flooded without first checking for signs of structural damage
  • 24. STORMS / HURRICANES
  • 25. GET READY EMERGENCY KIT
  • 26. FELL DEAD TREES & PRUNE THEM
  • 27. SHELTERCREATE AN EMERGENCY
  • 28. LISTEN TO MASS MEDIA
  • 29. AVOID TRAVELLING IN CAR WHEN STORM IS ANNOUNCED
  • 30. EVACUATE HOUSES AS PER ORDER
  • 31. STAY INDOORS
  • 32. CHECK RISKY ROOFS
  • 33. GIVE FIRST AID
  • 34. GIVE ALERT AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE
  • 35. ENSURE A SAFE DRINKING WATER
  • 36. CHECK THE EXTERIORS OF DWELLINGS
  • 37. BEWARE OF RISK OF FALLING OBJECTS
  • 38. TSUNAMI -Top 5 DO’s 1. Remain calm 2. If there is an earthquake too, protect yourself from falling debris first. 3. Immediately head inland & to higher ground. 4. Know whether you are in a tsunami hazard zone or not. 5. Know where the nearest tsunami escape route
  • 39. TSUNAMI -Top 5 DO’s 1. Remain calm 2. If there is an earthquake too, protect yourself from falling debris first. 3. Immediately head inland & to higher ground. 4. Know whether you are in a tsunami hazard zone or not. 5. Know where the nearest tsunami escape route
  • 40. HURRICANES - Top 5 DO’s 1. Bring in anything outside that can be picked up by wind. 2. Close and reinforce windows, & doors 3. Turn refrigerators & freezers to coldest setting, so food last longer. 4. Turn off propane tanks & unplug small appliances. 5. Fill your cars with gas.
  • 41. EARTHQUAKE
  • 42. EARTH QUAKE
  • 43. DO NOT PANIC
  • 44. OBEY AUTHORITIE’S INSTRUCTIONS
  • 45. DON’T GO TO SIMPLY LOOK AT THE STRICKEN AREA
  • 46. DO NOT GO NEAR A DAMAGED BUILDING
  • 47. DO NOT EAT STALE FOOD
  • 48. KEEP EMERGENCY PACKAGES AT HAND
  • 49. ALERT THE EMERGENCY SERVICES
  • 50. EARTH QUAKE RESISTANT BUILDING WELLINGTON POLICE STATION
  • 51. PROPER & SAFE CONNECTION OF GAS APPLIANCES
  • 52. AVOID STRING OBJECTS HEAVY IN HIGH POSITIONS
  • 53. AVOID PARKING NEAR WALLS
  • 54. DON’T GO NEAR DAMAGED BUILDING
  • 55. KEEP AWAY FROM STAIRS
  • 56. EARTHQUAKE - TOP 5 DO’S 1. Drop, Cover, & hold on, moving as little as possible. 2. Be prepared- keep household fixtures locked down & know Evacuation plan. 3. Be aware of aftershocks, and each time Drop and Cover. 4. If indoors, stay in bed- curl up & hold on protecting head with pillow. 5. If outdoors, find a clear spot & drop to ground until shaking stops.
  • 57. TOP 5 DON’TS 1. Think it’s over too soon. (Aftershocks, landslides & tsunamis are possible) 2. If outdoors, go by cliffs or slopes & if you are be alert of falling rock/debris. 3. If outdoors, get out of the vehicle. 4. Go outdoors- stay inside until you are sure it is safe to exit. 5. Go by windows- you may be injured by shattered glass
  • 58. TOXIC FUMES
  • 59. ASSESS THE RISK
  • 60. FAMILIARIZE WITH ALARM SIGNALS
  • 61. CLOSE DOORS & WINDOWS
  • 62. SEAL WINDOWS & DOORS
  • 63. TURN OFF AIR CONDITIONERS & VENTILLATORS
  • 64. LISTEN TO INFORMATION ON AIR/LOUDSPEAKER
  • 65. ORGANIZE RESERVE OF WATER
  • 66. KNOW ABOUT EVACUATION PLANS
  • 67. CARRY OUT DECONTAMINATION PLANS
  • 68. FIRE
  • 69. FIRE- TOP 5 DO’S 1. If you’re caught in fire- Stop, Drop, & Roll. 2. Talk to children regularly about the dangers of fire, matches lighters & keep them out of reach. 3. Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms & outside sleeping areas. 4. Ensure that all household members know two ways to escape from every room of your home. 5. If smoke, heat or flames block your exit routes, stay in the room with doors closed. Place a wet towel under the door & call the fire department. Open window & wave a brightly colored cloth or flashlight to signal for help.
  • 70. TOP 5 DON’TS 1. Play with anything that can cause a fire. 2. Play with fireworks. 3. Run around when you are caught on fire. 4. Try to calm the fire down with water because, it could make it WORSE. 5. Stay in the house to pack your items, immediately EXIT.
  • 71. PANDEMIC
  • 72. PANDEMIC-Top 5 DO’S & spreads). 1. Always practice good health habits & maintain your body’s resistance to infection. 2. Avoid spreading germs/clean your skin & surrounding 3. Watch for symptoms 4. It you or someone in your household gets sick, keep items/belongings separate 5. Get plenty of rest, water, & isolation Stay home from school or work if you are sick.
  • 73. Top 5 DON’TS 1. Stay dirty. 2. Share foods or drinks. 3. Become very busy when sick. 4. Get into physical contact when sick. 5. Travel
  • 74. VOLCANO
  • 75. VOLCANOES-Top 5 DO’S 1. Have an emergency kit ready and easily accessible. 2. Follow evacuation order issued by authorities. 3. Close all windows, doors, & dampers. 4. Put all machinery inside a garage or barn. 5. Protect yourself from ashfall (wear long sleeved shirts & long pants, & use goggles to protect your eyes).
  • 76. Top 5 DON’TS 1. Play outside. 2. Use your phone to talk to friends. (Available phone lines are dedicated to 1st responders) 3. Stock up on supplies the day of the hurricane. 4. Stay on a boat. 5. Drive. (There may be too many hazards on the road.)
  • 77. DISASTERS SUPPLIES 1. Flashlight & extra batteries 2. First aid kit & manual 3. Emergency food & water 4. non-electric can opener 5. Essential medicines 6. Dust mask 7. Sturdy shoes 8. Bedding. 9. Critical documents.
  • 78. THE ULTIMATE DO / DON’T
  • 79. KEEP COOL
  • 80. DO NOT PANIC
  • 81. THANK YOU