Agricultural Research and Extension
Stations in Pokhara and Lumle,
Kaski district, Nepal
(Field Visit, observation and survey)
National College,Center for
28th November 2011
Introduction about Field Trip
Field Visit: 5 – 8th November 2011
Malepatan Agricultural Research Station,
District livestock research centre, Kaski
Regional Agriculture Research Centre, Lumle
Kabita Gaun locality, Lumle
Objectives of Field Visit
General Objective: To understand the status,
structure and functions of governmental
agricultural research and extension structures of
• To observe and collect information about the
working mechanism of agriculture related
• To know the effectiveness, efficiency as well as
constraints in service delivery.
• To recommend for effective service delivery. 3
Primary Data collection:
• Field Observation
• Resource Person briefing
• Questionnaire survey
Secondary Data Collection:
References from books, magizines, internet
materials, CBS report, MoF annual economic
The technology of farming = " the way the farming is
• Increased agricultural production comes from new
techniques or methods put into practice on farms
Technology Generation Technology Dissemination
Technology Generation and NARC
Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) was
established in 1991 as an autonomous organization
under "Nepal Agricultural Research Council Act - 1991"
to conduct agricultural research in the country to uplift
the economic level of the people.
• Conduct qualitative agricultural research required for
national agricultural policies,
• Prioritize studies and researches to be conducted,
• Provide research and consultancy services to the
• Coordinate, monitor and evaluate the agricultural
research activities in Nepal,
• Document the research activities 6
Organization chart of MoA extensions
Source: Ministry of Agriculture Nepal’s website 7
Technology Generation Stations:
A. Malepatan Horticulture Research Stations:
• Established in 1991 under NARC
• Previously working as citrius research centre (2018)
• Focuses on horticulture research and development.
• Generation of Technology & few dissemination (on
farm and on site research)
• Trainings to farmers
• Special technical services to farmers regarding in-
house plastic farming of tomato, potato farming and
production of organic coffee.
• In outreach research site-provide framework to work
together for farmers;research extension;identify
problems; village level workshop(VLW) 8
Regional Agriculuture Research
• Technology generation focusing on livelihood
• Research prioritization,Coordination of
• Policy advice to GON
Established in 1991
(Under NARC Act BS 2048)
(Amendment of NARC Act BS 2053)
NARC Research Priority
Agriculture Perspective Plan
Poverty Reduction Strategy/3Yr Int. Plan
NARC Vision 2021
National Agriculture Policy 2061
Mandate and Research Strategy
Beside these issues this research station also works for food security
and minimizing the negative impact of climate change.
Major Works and achievement of station
• Research on breeding technology. Has been successful in providing
breeding technology to the farmers through extension.
• Breeding technique for different agro climatic condition of Nepal
identified and recommended
• Rearing technology of improved cattle and buffalo developed and
handed over to the DLS in regular basis.
• Suitable pasture for high hills and mountain identified
• Pasture Research:
Varieties of Oat, Berseem & Napier in pipeline
Technology for year round green fodder production developed
Technology of plastic bag silage for dry period
• Developed technology against different diseases : Eg. zoonotic
diseases, animal vaccination against diseases, etc
NARC budget=1 arab 6corore this year
Malepatan Horitculture Research station’s annual
Buget : 1 lakh
Challenges and problem:
• Low bugdet for research activities
• Low incentives to the staffs and researchers
• Lack of effective coordination with farmers and
extension structures of Government 18
• Low Budget
• Lack of effective and efficient Manpower
• Lack of proper incentives to the researchers
• Lack of well developed labs and laboratories
• Security problems due to wild animals
District Agricultural Office:
• Handles the works related to Agriculture Development…It
works as an Extension Unit…conducts surveys in the village
- identification of problems - problems put forward to
Research Centre - receives ideas about solutions and new
technologies from the research centre - disseminates it
among the villagers.
• Provides Mini-kit to farmers: Small packets of New variety
of crops distributed to farmers, if beneficial…varieties are
distributed in large scale
• helps in Pest control and proper use of fertilizers, along
with increment in production through various trainings to
• Publishes magazines in monthly basis regularly that
provides information related to agricultures.
• Provides framers group with cheaper fertilizers, seeds,
small irrigations, and many other facilities.
• Sample Size : 5 HH
• Location: Lumle VDC, Kabita gaun
1. Small sample size
2. Limited time for field survey
3. Lack of secondary information
Agriculture in lumle
Agriculture is the secondary occupation(about 11%)
• Food Crops:- Rice, wheat, maize, millet
• Cash crops:- Ginger, potato, tomato, etc
Vegetables farming is becoming the major source of agricultural income
in the recent years.
Income Index (II)= log (PC) – log (0) = log(2250) - log (0)
log (40,000)- log (0) log (40,000) -log (0)
= 3.35- 1 = 2.35 = 0.653
4.6 -1 3.6
The average per capita income of Nepali is $1201 which is very low but
the per capita income calculated in the surveyed area is more than
the double ($2250)compared with Nepal’s PCI. The economy of Lumle
VDC is very strong compared with overall Nepalese income.
Sources of Income:
Major challenges in Agriculture
Lack of fertile agricultural land
Problem of irrigation
Lack of agricultural manpower
Fragmented agricultural lands
Subsistence farming (No commercialization)
Nepal is basically a livestock based agrarian society.
Thus, highest level organizational identity of Livestock
and agricultural sector could contribute substantially in
national economy and prosperity.
Such identity would strengthen both research and
extension network for food security, crop
variety,animal production and health for sustainability
of animal industry, environment and peace.
a. Field trip was Fascinating, Informative, energetic.
b. Youths are vital organ in Agriculture, their interest
in this issue can change the scenario.
c. Nepal is indeed highly Agricultural Potential
Country, with unexplored potential.
d. Agriculture is our past and if explored a bright
• Youths need to be encouraged to engage in
Agriculture with various Motivational factors
and career security.
• Investment needs to be multiplied in
• Fieldtrip should be more engaging.