System of civil services in india and it’s

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System of civil services in india and it’s

  1. 1. SUBMITED BY: GANESH @ RAJARAJAN JAYASHANKAR SINGH MAHESH SHERKHANE
  2. 2. SYSTEM OF CIVIL SERVICE IN INDIA  Civil Service :  Appointive positions by the government in connection with the affairs of the union and includes a civilian in a defence service, except positions in the Indian armed forces OR  Position of civil servants in a parliamentary system of government.  Essential for functioning of Government  Steel frame of administration in India right from colonial days
  3. 3. HISTORY OF CIVIL SERVICE OF INDIA  The present civil services of India is mainly based on the pattern of the Imperial Civil Service of the British India.  It was formed after the Independence of India in 1947. It was Sardar Patel’s vision that the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and national unity.  The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of Indian civil services.
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION OF CIVIL SERVICE OF INDIA CIVIL SERVICE OF INDIA ALL INDIA SERVICE 1. I.A.S (UPSC) 2. I.P.S. (UPSC) 3. Indian Forest Service (UPSC) CENTRAL CIVIL SERVICE 1. 2. Group – A & B (UPSC) (2+45 Services) Group – C & D (Selection through SSC) STATE ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES Individual States
  5. 5. CIVIL SERVICES TRAINING  Generalist : Regulatory and Developmental  Specialist : 1. 2.  Technical (Engineering/ Medical/ Agriculture) Professional (Taxation/ Education/ statistics/ accounts) Training institutes at four levels  National  Regional  State  Local
  6. 6. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CIVIL SERVICE OF INDIA WITH FEW SELECT COUNTRIES
  7. 7. CIVIL SERVICES OF INDIA  The Civil Services of India, also known as the permanent bureaucracy of the Government of the Republic of India.  The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants.  Civil servants are employees of the Government of India and not Parliament of India.  The Civil Service does not include government ministers (who are politically appointed), members of parliament, members of legislative assembly, members of non civil service police officers and local government officials.
  8. 8. CIVIL SERVICE OF ENGLAND  It is the permanent bureaucracy of Crown employees that supports Her Majesty's Government - the government of the United Kingdom composed of a Cabinet of ministers chosen by the prime minister, as well as the devolved administrations in Wales.  Under the principle of responsible government, ministers are accountable to the Sovereign (The Crown - the monarch of the United Kingdom) and the Parliament of the United Kingdom (and, in the devolved administration in Scotland, the Scottish Parliament) in administering the United Kingdom.
  9. 9. CIVIL SERVICE OF ENGLAND  Civil servants are employees of the Crown and not Parliament.  Civil servants also have some traditional and statutory responsibilities which to some extent protect them from being used for the political advantage of the party in power. Senior civil servants may be called to account to Parliament
  10. 10. ITALIAN CIVIL SERVICE  In Italy the Senior Civil Service is the set of high ranking executives who are in charge of the top and middle management of national or local governmental offices.  Structure  Senior executives come in two levels:  First and second level positions are identified in each ministry as Management positions.  In each ministry, second level positions are further classified accordingly to the responsibilities attached to their offices position, corresponding to the classification adopted by the ministry.
  11. 11. CIVIL SERVICE OF JAPAN  The Japanese civil service has over one million employees, with 400,000 workers in postal service. In the post-war period, this figure has been even higher.  Appointments  National government civil servants are divided into "special" and "regular" categories. Appointments in the special category are governed by political or other factors and do not involve competitive examinations. This category includes cabinet ministers, heads of independent agencies, members of the Self-Defense Forces, Diet officials, and Ambassadors.  The core of the civil service is composed of members of the regular category, who are recruited through competitive examinations.
  12. 12. SINGAPORE CIVIL SERVICE  The Singapore Civil Service is the set of civil servants working for the Government of Singapore. Many of its principles were inherited from the administrative system left by the British Civil Service, as Singapore was once a British colony.  The Singapore Civil Service is widely regarded as one of the most efficient and uncorrupt bureaucracies in the world, with a high standard of discipline and accountability. It is widely regarded as one of the key contributors to the success of Singapore since independence.
  13. 13. CIVIL SERVICE OF CHINA  The civil service of the People's Republic of China consists of civil servants of all levels who run the day-to-day affairs in mainland China.  Levels  Civil servants are found in a well-defined system of ranks. The rank of a civil servant determines what positions he/she may assume in the government how much political power he/she gets, and the level of benefits in areas such as transportation and healthcare.  According to the Temporary Regulations for National Civil Servants, civil servants are put into a total of fifteen levels.
  14. 14. AGENCY POWER 10.00 9.00 8.00 7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00
  15. 15. AUTONOMY 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0
  16. 16. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 10.00 9.00 8.00 7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00
  17. 17. RELATIVE WAGES 10.00 9.00 8.00 7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00
  18. 18. CHALLENGES BEING FACED TODAY  Inequality in income levels and access to services  Perception of governance  Enabling access to effective public services  Transparency and accountability issues  Corruption
  19. 19. APPROACH  Enhancing Participation  Promoting Inclusive Growth  Reorienting Government  Combating Corruption  Integrating sustainability with development
  20. 20. STRATEGY  Effective Public Service Delivery  Enabling environment for good governance  Developing capable civil services  Creating awareness about environmental issues
  21. 21. EFFECTIVE PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY  Providing access to public services, especially to vulnerable groups  Benchmarking standards of delivery of services for assessment as well as continuous improvement  Focus on citizen-centric delivery
  22. 22. ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE  Quick and fair delivery of justice  Efficient redresses of grievances  Transparency and accountability  Effective monitoring and evaluation for strengthening programme and service delivery  Right to Information
  23. 23. DEVELOPING CAPABLE CIVIL SERVICES  Developing and maintaining capability through continuous up gradation of skills  Recognition of merit and performance based appraisal  Protection for bona-fide decisions  Stability of tenure
  24. 24. REFERENCES  Japan: An overview of the Japanese national civil service , National Personnel Authority (Tokyo, Mar. 1996)  Indian Civil Service (http:/ / www. iasaspirants. com/ )  www.publicservice.co.uk - Public Sector news and features (http:/ / www. publicservice. co. uk)  Mathur, P.N., The Civil Service of India, 1731-1894: a study of the history, evolution and demand for reform(1977)
  25. 25. THANK YOU

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