SYSTEM OF CIVIL SERVICE IN
Civil Service :
Appointive positions by the government in connection with the affairs of the union
and includes a civilian in a defence service, except positions in the Indian armed
Position of civil servants in a parliamentary system of government.
Essential for functioning of Government
Steel frame of administration in India right from colonial days
HISTORY OF CIVIL SERVICE OF
The present civil services of India is mainly based on the pattern of the Imperial Civil
Service of the British India.
It was formed after the Independence of India in 1947. It was Sardar Patel’s vision that
the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and national unity.
The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of Indian
CLASSIFICATION OF CIVIL
SERVICE OF INDIA
Group – A &
Group – C &
CIVIL SERVICES TRAINING
Generalist : Regulatory and Developmental
Technical (Engineering/ Medical/ Agriculture)
Professional (Taxation/ Education/ statistics/ accounts)
Training institutes at four levels
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CIVIL SERVICE
OF INDIA WITH FEW SELECT COUNTRIES
CIVIL SERVICES OF INDIA
The Civil Services of India, also known as the permanent bureaucracy of the
Government of the Republic of India.
The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants.
Civil servants are employees of the Government of India and not Parliament of
The Civil Service does not include government ministers (who are politically
appointed), members of parliament, members of legislative assembly, members of
non civil service police officers and local government officials.
CIVIL SERVICE OF ENGLAND
It is the permanent bureaucracy of Crown employees that supports Her Majesty's
Government - the government of the United Kingdom composed of a Cabinet of
ministers chosen by the prime minister, as well as the devolved administrations in
Under the principle of responsible government, ministers are accountable to the
Sovereign (The Crown - the monarch of the United Kingdom) and the Parliament of
the United Kingdom (and, in the devolved administration in Scotland, the Scottish
Parliament) in administering the United Kingdom.
CIVIL SERVICE OF ENGLAND
Civil servants are employees of the Crown and not Parliament.
Civil servants also have some traditional and statutory responsibilities which to some
extent protect them from being used for the political advantage of the party in power.
Senior civil servants may be called to account to Parliament
ITALIAN CIVIL SERVICE
In Italy the Senior Civil Service is the set of high ranking executives who are in
charge of the top and middle management of national or local governmental offices.
Senior executives come in two levels:
First and second level positions are identified in each ministry as Management
In each ministry, second level positions are further classified accordingly to the
responsibilities attached to their offices position, corresponding to the classification
adopted by the ministry.
CIVIL SERVICE OF JAPAN
The Japanese civil service has over one million employees, with 400,000 workers in postal
service. In the post-war period, this figure has been even higher.
National government civil servants are divided into "special" and "regular" categories.
Appointments in the special category are governed by political or other factors and do not
involve competitive examinations. This category includes cabinet ministers, heads of
independent agencies, members of the Self-Defense Forces, Diet officials, and Ambassadors.
The core of the civil service is composed of members of the regular category, who are
recruited through competitive examinations.
SINGAPORE CIVIL SERVICE
The Singapore Civil Service is the set of civil servants working for the Government
of Singapore. Many of its principles were inherited from the administrative system
left by the British Civil Service, as Singapore was once a British colony.
The Singapore Civil Service is widely regarded as one of the most efficient and
uncorrupt bureaucracies in the world, with a high standard of discipline and
accountability. It is widely regarded as one of the key contributors to the success of
Singapore since independence.
CIVIL SERVICE OF CHINA
The civil service of the People's Republic of China consists of civil servants of all levels
who run the day-to-day affairs in mainland China.
Civil servants are found in a well-defined system of ranks. The rank of a civil servant
determines what positions he/she may assume in the government how much political power
he/she gets, and the level of benefits in areas such as transportation and healthcare.
According to the Temporary Regulations for National Civil Servants, civil servants are put
into a total of fifteen levels.
Inequality in income levels and access to services
Perception of governance
Enabling access to effective public services
Transparency and accountability issues
Promoting Inclusive Growth
Integrating sustainability with development
Effective Public Service Delivery
Enabling environment for good governance
Developing capable civil services
Creating awareness about environmental issues
EFFECTIVE PUBLIC SERVICE
Providing access to public services, especially to vulnerable groups
Benchmarking standards of delivery of services for assessment as well as
Focus on citizen-centric delivery
FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE
Quick and fair delivery of justice
Efficient redresses of grievances
Transparency and accountability
Effective monitoring and evaluation for strengthening programme and
Right to Information
DEVELOPING CAPABLE CIVIL
Developing and maintaining capability through continuous up gradation of
Recognition of merit and performance based appraisal
Protection for bona-fide decisions
Stability of tenure
Japan: An overview of the Japanese national civil service , National Personnel
Authority (Tokyo, Mar. 1996)
Indian Civil Service (http:/ / www. iasaspirants. com/ )
www.publicservice.co.uk - Public Sector news and features (http:/ / www.
publicservice. co. uk)
Mathur, P.N., The Civil Service of India, 1731-1894: a study of the history, evolution
and demand for reform(1977)