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Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
Green fashion - eco fashion
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Green fashion - eco fashion

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eco fashion or sustainable fashion initiatives

eco fashion or sustainable fashion initiatives

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  • 1. SUMMER PROJECT GREEN FASHION / CARBON FOOTPRINT SUBMITTED BY- MAHEEP MISHRA LD, SEM. III
  • 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This project wouldn’t have been possible without the help and support of many people but first I would like to thank almighty under whose straight guidance this project was made. I would also like to express my gratitude to our respected Director, Dr. A.K. Khare and Joint Director, Dr. Govind Bhargava for providing all the facilities. This project wouldn’t have been possible without their co-operation and support. Teachers are an integral part of students’ life. Their advice is always very helpful. I am grateful to the faculty members, Mr Shankar Kumar Jha, CC-LD; Mr Sankar Narayan T.R. (Assistant Professor), Mr S.A. Venkat (Assistant Professor), Ms Vijaylaxmi (Assistant Professor) and Dr. A.K. Khare for giving their precious time and helping in every possible manner. I would like to give a special thanks to my CC-LD department, Mr Shankar Kumar Jha and my mentor for this project/report Mr Sankar Narayan T.R for their exceptional efforts, help and support and knowledge. Last but not the least, I want to thank my parents for giving the much needed mental support and boosting up my confidence, and my friends and batch mates for every inputs wherever they thought was necessary.
  • 3. CONTENTS TOPIC: Green Fashion 1. Introduction 2. What is Carbon Footprint? 3. Why Eco/Green Fashion? 4. Creating leather 5. Tanning 6. Vegetable versus Conventional tanning 7. Can leather be eco-friendly? 8. The case for alternatives 9. Leather as a By-product and Synthetics 10.Eco-Initiatives 11.Conclusion 12.References
  • 4. GREEN FASHION/CARBON FOOTPRINT Introduction Hurry before it starts to flurry. This is what we are counting at now days in respect of the nature and the ever increasing global warming. However, when we wake the morning starts with that moment. The green movement or the step towards protecting the nature has turned out to be the most critical movement in the history of mankind. We all are taking measures in every field to contribute towards pushing this movement ahead for a bright green future. And is every area of our contact has been influence by it then why not the fashion world, which has been the dynamic adherent of the nature. In this great step it’s not only the fashion world to prop the chart, it’s also us who have to take the initiative. For this we have to recycle the clothes and make them use in the reversible manner. This will increase the life of the clothes and on the contrary it eliminates the pressure on the farmlands to grow huge amount of cotton using chemicals. Making the land free from the chemicals is the best way to have an eco-friendly fashion world. However, another step is to stop the use of the synthetic and chemical coating apparels like fashionable jackets and closets. What is carbon footprint? The total amount of greenhouse gases produced directly or indirectly to support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). In other words: When you drive a car, the engine burns fuel which creates a certain amount of CO2, depending on its fuel consumption and the driving distance. (CO2 is the chemical symbol for carbon dioxide). When you heat your house with oil, gas or coal, then you also generate CO2. Even if you heat your house with electricity, the generation of the electrical power may also have emitted a certain amount of CO2. When you buy food and goods, the production of the food and goods also emitted some quantities of CO2. Leather has a huge carbon footprint, even when one takes into account that it contributes only a small fraction to the total value of a cow. Cows also generate methane, one of the worst greenhouse gases. In addition, the processing used to produce leather (i.e. "tanning") uses highly toxic chemicals. As a result, although usually considered "natural", leather is a product with an unusually high ecological footprint. This is one of the reasons that much footwear has a high ecological footprint - when synthetic fibres are not used, leather usually is, keeping their ecological footprint high regardless of what goes into their fabrication.
  • 5. Why Eco/Green Fashion? Eco-fashion is about making clothes that take into account the environment, the health of consumers and the working conditions of people in the fashion industry. Eco-fashion clothes are made using organic raw materials, such as cotton grown without pesticides and silk made by worms fed on organic tree. These items don't involve the use of harmful chemicals and bleaches to colour fabrics are often made from recycled and reused textiles. In addition, high-quality garments can be made from second-hand clothes and even recycled plastic bottles. With the eco-fashion industry still in its infancy, the main responsibility at the moment lies with clothes manufacturers and fashion designers, who need to start using sustainable materials and processes. Sustainable fashion, also called eco fashion, is a part of the growing design philosophy and trend of sustainability, the goal of which is to create a system which can be supported indefinitely in terms of environmentalism and social responsibility. Sustainable fashion is part of the larger trend of sustainable design where a product is created and produced with consideration to the environmental and social impact it may have throughout its total life span, including its "carbon footprint". Creating Leather From start to finish, the amount of energy required to create a leather hide is 20 times greater than what’s used to produce a synthetic material. The production of leather includes breeding and raising the animals, transporting feed, removing animal waste, powering housing and killing facilities, the use of vaccines and antibiotics, and removing carcasses and transferring pelts. At the tannery, the skins are sorted, soaked, fleshed, tanned, wrung, dried, kicked, cleaned, trimmed, buffed, dried again, finished, then transported to the garment maker, wholesaler, and so on. Leather is the hide of a dead animal. It is, by nature, meant to decompose. To prevent decomposing, it is treated with chemicals—including hexavalent chromium salts, aniline, azo dyes, lead, cyanide, formaldehyde, tannins, solvents, formaldehyde, and chlorophenols—that pollute the land, air, and water supply. Groundwater samples collected near tanneries have shown the presence of arsenic, chromium, lead, and zinc. At the same time, toxic gases like ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, and carcinogenic aryl amines are emitted into the air. The smell of a tannery is the most horrifyingly putrid smell on earth. Tanning
  • 6. Tanning is the process of treating skins of animals to produce leather, which is more durable and less susceptible to decomposition. Traditionally, tanning used tannin, an acidic chemical compound from which the tanning process draws its name (tannin is in turn named for an old German word for oak or fir trees, which supplied it). Colouring may occur during tanning. A tannery is the term for a place where the skins are processed. Tanning leather involves a process which permanently alters the protein structure of skin. Making "rawhide" does not require the use of tannin. Rawhide is made by removing the flesh and fat and then the hair by use of an aqueous solution (this process is often called "liming" when using lime and water or "bucking" when using wood ash and water), then scraping over a beam with a somewhat dull knife, then drying. The two aforementioned solutions for removing the hair also act to clean the fiber network of the skin and allow penetration and action of the tanning agent, so that all the steps in preparation of rawhide except drying are often preludes to the more complex process of tanning and production of leather. Before tanning, the skins are unhaired, degreased, desalted and soaked in water over a period of 6 hours to 2 days. VEGETABLE VERSUS CONVENTIONAL TANNING There are several methods used in the tanning of hides: vegetable, chrome, aldehyde, alum, and synthetic. The only difference between vegetable versus chemical tanning is the source of the colour. Vegetable tanning uses ingredients from vegetable matter, such as tree bark, which gives the leather a more subtle, muted colour. Every other step in the process is the same. Eco fashion is a generic term that can mean many things. To us, eco fashion is a holistic concept that refers to all fashion products that have been created in such a way as to contribute to a healthier and more equal world. Ethically Produced: Ethical fashion is fashion that has been produced with respect for people and the environment. Although there are existing certifications for Organic and Fair Trade, we want to encourage companies who are taking significant action but don’t qualify for certification. Organic: Natural fibers that have been grown without any pesticides and other toxic materials, preserving the health of humans and the environment. The process of organic growth can be certified by various organizations. Recycled: Anything that has been made from already existing materials, fabrics, metals or fibers. These are often reclaimed from previously made clothing and accessories and reworked into new ones.
  • 7. Vintage/Second-Hand: Vintage is a generic term for new or second hand garments created in the period from the 1920’s to 1975. However, the term is often used more generally for second-hand clothes or up-cycled clothes. Can Leather Be Eco-Friendly…Ever? Producing leather—whether by chrome/chemical tanning or vegetable tanning—comes with a host of problems. It heavily contributes to global warming, land devastation, environmental pollution, the depletion of valuable natural resources, and water-supply contamination, not to mention the spread of disease and the abuse of billions of animals. So the question is still unanswered till here where leather can be eco-friendly or not. THE CASE FOR ALTERNATIVES Synthetic materials account for far less pollution—and only a fraction of the energy used. Regardless, synthetic polymers are not the only alternatives. There are plenty of plant-based or sustainable and renewable fabrics available, including cork, wood, linen, hemp, cotton, bamboo, Ultra suede, and more. Plus, with so much development in terms of new organic, plant-based, and post- consumer recycled waste materials, comparing leather to these materials is like comparing a mountain to an anthill in terms of environmental impact. LEATHER AS A BYPRODUCT Leather isn’t a by-product of meat industry. As more people reduce their intake of meat and dairy products, the industry increasingly relies on money made from selling skins. In India, there is a huge industry built around slaughtering animals for their skins, exporting hides, and employing child labourers. Leather isn’t a by-product of meat industry. There is really no way to defend leather as “eco-friendly” or sustainable is also an unanswered question. We live in a culture where we’ve been brainwashed, through incredible marketing, by those who stand to profit from the continual abuse of our fellow living beings, as well as the surreal concept that fur or the hide of a dead animal connotes luxury. Across the board, there is really no way to defend leather as “eco-friendly” or sustainable. In order to really create change for the future of the planet and health of mankind, we all have the responsibility to question what is really going on and get to the root of the problem. SYNTHETICS Leather requires more energy, much more space and a great deal more labour to produce than synthetics. In addition synthetics are consistent in size and shape so all yards can be used, whereas with an animal hide the skin is uneven and scared and
  • 8. much of the skins become waste. Faux leather is not plastic; it is made from a compound of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. Other types are made from cotton with a vinyl or polyurethane coating. Many synthetics are at least partially biodegradable- the cotton bases will biodegrade, whereas leather will chip, crack and appear to start decomposing, but it will not. There are some 100% biodegradable vegan leathers in existence. These days there are plenty of plant-based or sustainable renewable fabrics including hemp, cotton, bamboo, linen and cork. Many pseudo leathers have been developed and other materials can be used in place of leather these include ultra- suede, microfibers, nylons, canvas, vinyl. Some synthetics are made from recycled materials. Eco-Initiatives: 1) Wet-white leather: Wet white tanning refers to organic tanning methods. The bio synthetics used to tan the leather, which result in a semi-finished leather that looks white-tinted. This fairly new method of tanning has been gaining popularity, partially due to increased concern for water treatment systems and the environment. 2) Nova Kearu Exotic Bio-leather Nova Kearu has developed its own organic, chrome free tanning technology, based on a blend of biodegradable acrylic resins, polymers, glutaraldehyde, synthetic & vegetable tannins which make a superior quality leathers free of heavy metals and environmentally safe. Our organic process allows for more natural and vivid colours fixing, adding value to the manufacturing of bags, belts, shoes, clothes , jackets and even bikinis as well as to the interior decoration market such as, wall panels , upholstery, furniture finishes, and countless others. Products 1) Caiman 2) Ostrich Leg Leather 3) Ostrich Leather 4) Ostrich Leg Panel 5) Salmon Panel 6) Pescada Panel 7) Salmon Leather 8) Pescada Amarela Amazon Fish leather 9) Pirarucu Fish Leather 3) E-leather: The entire manufacturing process is based on our passion to provide an eco- friendly material that out-performs traditional leather, faux leathers and fabrics.
  • 9. Using the patented E-Leather process, they combine leather fibre and a high performance core to produce an engineered composition leather. E-Leather possesses exceptional properties in terms of appearance, weight, durability and eco credentials. Saving waste and resources every step of the way A leading supplier of composition leather, E-Leather® , has pioneered an environmentally friendly leather fibre material that has already made its way into many everyday products and applications, from airline seats to shoes. It takes off-cuts, shavings and trimmings, which are usually discarded by tanneries and would otherwise go to landfill, and recycles them to make its composition leather, E-Leather® . No chemicals needed Another crucial difference between these methods and those employed by manufacturers of conventional bonded leather is that no chemicals are used whatsoever in the process of bonding the leather fibres together to form a sheet of material. Just use water alone. Saving energy In addition, product emissions at the E-Leather® plant in the form of solvents are thermally oxidised and the energy generated fed back into the manufacturing process. Its thermal oxidiser has cut natural gas use by between 50-70%. Summary of composition leather’s eco advantages Up to 50% less CO2 emissions Up to 95% recycled water in process Up to 50%-70% natural gas usage Less landfill No adhesives in textile core
  • 10. Conclusion: As researched done by me on this topic, it was actually found that leather being a material of hype in fashion industry and calls for glamour quotient the reality of such being the highly carbon footprint producer. Cows also generate methane, one of the green house gases is a source of leather. Tanning on leather also produces huge carbon footprint because of the usage of chemicals in the process. So I conclude it by saying don’t be mesmerised by its quality and lust, know it first. Also consumer awareness is highly required to make people aware of its consequences and labelling of tags to be justified of leather products. REFERENCES: The related matter was picked up from these varied sites namely,
  • 11. www.wikipedia.com www.olsenhaus.com www.onegreenplanet.org www.ecouterre.com www.ecofashionworls.com www.gogreenindia.co.in www.compositionleather.com www.eleathergroup.com www.novakaeru.com.br

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