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Library Skill

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  • 1. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED 1.0 Introduction It is very difficult to write even a simple essay without using web resources or offlinemedia. We are living in the age of the Internet, and thus, very often there is no need to leave thecomfort of your home in order to find necessary information. The Internet makes life easier, andthis statement is certainly true with the academic world. Writing tasks are very common in highschools, colleges and universities. Thus, students are in a constant need of reliable sources ofinformation. Academic databases are perhaps the best places to look for academic information.Sure thing, traditional web search can also yield positive results, but imagine databases thatcontain only academic papers and other relevant information. A thorough search in academicdatabases will most certainly end up with success. As such, Perpustakaan Abdul Razak (PTAR) have been subscribing online databases tofacilitate students and academician to explore carious reference material which may enhanceknowledge and research study result. Each online databases have its own characteristics. Let’sgive brief overview popular academic online databases and their features. 1
  • 2. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Question No. 1: Select TWO databases that are available in PTAR portal. Dscribe about the features (including Boolean search, truncation, wildcard, search string, limitation and etc) or basic elements of these databases, the ease navigation, subject covered and etc. 2
  • 3. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED2.0 Overview of Databases2.1 Emerald Management Plus Online DatabaseBackground of EmeraldEmerald was founded in 1967 as an offshoot of the University of Bradford; Emerald GroupPublishing has come up as the world’s leading scholarly publisher of journals and books inbusiness and management with a strong and growing presence in disciplines including LIS,social sciences, engineering, linguistics and audiology.  All of the worlds top 100 business schools (listed by the Financial Times Global MBA Rankings 2010 – FT 100) have Emerald authors or Editorial Board members.  All of Emerald research journals are peer-reviewed to ensure the highest quality.  In 2009, more than 21 million Emerald articles were downloaded and read in research and study. This equates to more than 50,000 a day, every day of the year.  We encourage research excellence in management through the Outstanding Doctoral Research Awards, in collaboration with the European Foundation for Management Development (EFMD).  We encourage global scholarship through partnerships and research awards with CLADEA (Latin America), IAABD (Africa), CEEMAN (Central and Eastern Europe), BMDA (Baltic region), AACSB (Americas) and the Global Foundation for Management Education (GFME). 3
  • 4. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED2.2 BLIS – Bernama Library & Infolink ServiceBackground of BLISBernama Library & InfoLink Service (also known as BLIS) is a unique database provided byBERNAMA (Pertubuhan Berita Nasional Malaysia). This online database, consist of Malaysiannews, statistics, industry reports and bio-data of key personalities. Researchers, journalists,government officials and business strategists can have access to a rich archive of news ondevelopments in Malaysia, industry reports, economic, trade and consumer statistics as well asdata on top personalities in Malaysia through an online information database. Content has beencompiled from BERNAMAs wire services, international news wire services and researchorganizations.Furthermore, BLIS which includes various kinds of information (local and foreign information).With twelve main menus, as below :  Bernama News  Archival News  Foreign News  Info Providers  Whos Who  Speeches  Sectoral Reports  Databank  Facts & Figures Directory  Calendar of Events  InfoLib 4
  • 5. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED3.0 Elements for Reviewing Online DatabasesBoth databases should be evaluated and reviewed based on below guideline. Accessibility Other Searching Features Tehniques Accuracy SubjectBased on my personal views, elememts above should be guided in view of evaluating andreviewing both online databases. Above elements could be considered as an basic elements for agood online databases. Further eloboration of those elements, is define as belows; 3.1 Accessibility Accessibility is a general term used to describe the degree to which a product, device, service, or environment is available to as many people as possible. Accessibility can be viewed as the "ability to access" and possible benefit of some system or entity. Online databases can be free and for major provider of Online Databases, password is needed. 5
  • 6. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED 3.2 Searching Techniques Databases allow you to consult and to answer queries. The records retrieved can be used to make decisions or support your research. Thus, search techniques for these databases can vary widely. Searching techniques can be defined as the process or step of getting the information using special elements or style such as Boolean Search, Truncation / Wildcard or etc. 3.3 Subject Subject matter covers, from Online Databases view can be defined as the topic covers or what is all about and the content of the online database. Usually, we could see and determine the subject matter coverage via Database Description. Thus, we should be able to choose the right online databases to search or look for the topics or subjects we need to fulfill our requirements. 3.4 Accuracy Accuracy can be defined as faithful measurement or representation of the truth; correctness; precision. From online databases view, we can define accuracy as the correctness and the validity of the research paper consist in or via the database. The paper should be accurate in view of getting a quality references material. 3.5 Other Features A prominent or conspicuous part (easily see) or characteristic. This means, a good online database consist of special offered features or attraction for making searching steps was carried out easily. 6
  • 7. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.0 Description of Databases4.1 Emerald Management Plus Online Database4.1.1 Accessibility This online databases may be accessed via Internet / Network. As to fulfill the needs and to providing conducive reference material to academician, Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak (PTAR) UiTM, have subscribed the service and the databases can be easily accessed via PTAR’s webpage. Figure 1 : Main screen of PTAR’s Library Webpage 7
  • 8. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED The site can be access either in campus access or off campus access which will result the same outcome of the accessibility. Accessing to Emerald can be done by key in the username and password provided by Library’s Officer. Figure 2 : Online Databases Main Page – Login Page By typing the ID and Password provided, the listing sites are accessible. The same method can be done via Off Campus Access. Figure 3 : Online Databases Main Page – Listing Page 8
  • 9. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Emerald Management Online Database website has made default login by using the same ID and Password key in earlier, in PTAR’s website. Figure 4: Emerald Management Online Database Site – the same ID and Password is sufficient 9
  • 10. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.1.2 Searching TechniquesSearching Techniques Definition and its characteristics.Boolean or Keywords A keyword search is sometimes called a "Boolean search" and is a commonly used method of searching for specific information in a database. This search technique allows you to retrieve all records from a database containing a particular word or a combination of words. Such a search typically generates many results that may or may not be relevant to the users query. Boolean searches allow us to combine words and phrases using the words and, or, not to limit, widen, or define our search. Both databases above is default to these Boolean search parameters. By performing a keyword search, the words "and", "or" and "not" are known as Boolean operators allow the substitution of symbols such as the plus sign (+) in place of "and" and the minus sign (-) to denote "not."Truncation Truncation allows the user to search for all terms with the root word. Different search engines use different symbols for truncation, but the asterisk is quite commonly used after the word to symbolize truncation. For example, comp* will generate results with words like computer, computing, comptroller, compete, competition, competitive and competitor or ‘*ship’ which will resulted the words such as librarianship, hardmanship and etc.Wildcard A wild card can be used when searching for alternate spellings. It usually replaces the letters within a word that has variable spellings. For example, "organi*ation" will generate results with the word "organization" (the American spelling) and "organization" (the British spelling.) 10
  • 11. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.1.2.1 Boolean SearchEmerald databases offer a Keyword or Boolean Search to retrieve information. Figure 5: Emerald Management Online Database Site – the Boolean searching My hands-on towards Emerald using Boolean operators in a search query, generates results that are more specific to our needs. For example, the query "Librarian and Curator and Information Centre" will retrieve only documents containing all three words. On the other hand, "Librarian or Curator or Information Centre" will broaden the search, retrieving all documents with one or more of these words. The query "Librarian and Curator not Information Centre" will retrieve all results containing both Librarian and Curator but documents that contain the word information Centre will be excluded. 11
  • 12. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.1.2.2 Truncation In addition to Boolean Searching, Emerald offers Truncation Searching method. This would helped us retrieves all material from the root word by placing * sign before or after root word. The query "Financ*" will retrieve all results containing Finance, Financing and Financial. Figure 6: Emerald Management Online Database Site – the Truncation searching 12
  • 13. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.1.2.3 Wildcard Our personal hands-on to database shows that Emerald does recognised or offered Wildcard Searching method. The searching method helps us to deeply explore from other sources especially from American and British spelling. Figure 6: Emerald Management Online Database Site – the Wildcard searching 13
  • 14. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.1.2.4 Advance Search As additional searching techniques, Emerald has offered Advanced Search to for and combines terms used in our database to narrow down your search. The Advanced Search will allow you to perform your word search within a specific field or fields (e.g. Abstracts, Author and Article title). Figure 7: Emerald Management Online Database Site – the Advance searchingSubject Figure 8: Emerald Management Online Database Site – the Advance searching result 14
  • 15. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.1.3 Subject Subject can be defined as a matter under consideration or what is all about. Thus, based on research, Emerald covers matter or subject such as:  Management (which include Finance, Accounting, Medical, Fashion and etc) ;  Business ;  Library and Information Sciences ;  Social Sciences ;  Engineering ;  Linguistics ; and  Audiology. In a simple word and understanding, Emerald consists of Management’s field articles, journal, and ebooks.4.1.4 Accuracy Based on our experience and hands-on towards Emerald, we conclude that Emerald is reliable and trusted online database. Google Scholar can provide some overall references for your paper. However, keep in mind that not all of the listings on Google Scholar are scholarly journals, so you will need to evaluate each one. Yes, you can get FOC journals from Google, but bear in mind, online databases such Emerald consists a periodical that is written by scholars to share research and discuss important topics of a field. Many scholarly journals are also peer reviewed or refereed, which means that the articles within them have undergone a strict review from scholars in the field before being accepted for publication. Thus, the reference material which obtained from Emerald is valid and accurate for research and academic purpose. 15
  • 16. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED4.1.5 Other FeaturesMajor features offered by Emerald Online Database, as detailed below ;  Marked list – Which allows user to mark the reference material for citations purposes. The marked materials will be transferred into bibliographic software such as EndNotes.  Quick Access – Allows user to find reference material via Quick Access function, based on subject matter, Journal’s title or Journal’s Publication.  Latest News and Announcements – Facilitate users with latest announcement, information and news from Emerald.  Journal of The Week – Free Access to two (2) journals, for those who did not wished to subscribe the service offered.  Free Guide for Authors – on how to publish their papers.  Help – online consultation on using the web.  Learning Zone – online guide, for learner such University Students and Executives.  Research Zone – online guide for researcher to design research study.  Teaching Zone – online guide for teaching faculty in Business and Management. 16
  • 17. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASEDOther features offered, as illustrated below;  Shortcut of browsing  Shortcut of books and linking to journals Bibliographic Database  Online Guide for Engineer  What’s new at Emerald?  Highlights on Forthcoming Journals  Free Librarian  Comments on the Guide, solution website on areas for  Free to the issues improvement. searching method tutorial 17
  • 18. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED5.0 Description of Databases5.1 BLIS – Bernama Library and Infolink Service5.1.1 Accessibility This online databases may be accessed via Internet / Network. As to fulfill the needs and to providing conducive reference material to academician, Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak (PTAR) UiTM, have subscribed the service and the databases can be easily accessed via PTAR’s webpage. Figure 10 : Main screen of PTAR’s Library Webpage 18
  • 19. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED The site can be access either in campus access or off campus access which will result the same outcome of the accessibility. Figure 11 : Online Databases Main Page – Login Page By typing the ID and Password provided, the listing sites are accessible. The same method can be done via Off Campus Access. Figure 12 : Online Databases Main Page – Listing Page 19
  • 20. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED BLIS Online Database can be accessed or explore by key in other Password and Username which can be obtain from Library Officer. Meaning, we need another password to access BLIS. Figure 13: BLIS Online Database Site – new ID and password needed. 20
  • 21. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED5.1.2 Searching Techniques5.1.2.1 Boolean SearchWhile for BLIS databases, it offer a Keyword or Boolean Search to retrieve information. Figure 14: BLIS Online Database Site – the Boolean searchingMy hands-on towards BLIS using Boolean operators in a search query, generates results that aremore specific to our needs. For example, the query "Malaysia and Asia" will retrieve onlydocuments containing all two words. On the other hand, "Malaysia or Asia or Europe " willbroaden the search, retrieving all documents with one or more of these words. The query"Malaysia and Asia not Asean" will retrieve all results containing both Malaysia and Asia butdocuments that contain the word Asean will be excluded. 21
  • 22. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED5.1.2.2 TruncationBLIS does not offer Truncation Searching method.Figure 15: BLIS Online Database Site – the Truncation searching (Result : Only document withMalay wording, appeared.)5.1.2.3 WildcardBLIS does not offer Wildcard Searching method. 22
  • 23. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Figure 16: BLIS Online Database Site – the Wildcard searching (Result : No Result)5.1.3 Subject Subject can be defined as a matter under consideration or what is all about. Thus, based on research, BLIS covers matter or subject such as:  General News on Malaysia ;  Malaysian Economics News Collection ;  Features and Special Report on Malaysia ;  Local News (in Bahasa Melayu) ;  Economics News (in Bahasa Melayu) ;  News Summaries ;  Press Released ;  Archives on News Clippings ;  Foreign News ;  Info Providers such Department of Statistics and Malaysian Economic Planning Unit ;  Who’s Who – Info on politician and corporate figures ;  Speeches Collection ;  Sectorial Reports ;  Facts and Figures – Statistic collection ; and  Calendar of Events – Malaysia. Basically, BLIS provides information of Malaysian’s news collections. It consists of news paper collections, reports, and other related information with regards of Malaysia. If you are doing a research on Malaysia, BLIS could be a perfect reference source to be referred too. 23
  • 24. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED5.1.4 AccuracyBLIS is an online database which is cited from news paper and press release material. As weaware, newspapers and magazine is to entertain and provide invalidated information or findings.It usually written by staff writers and be written a combination of new stories that attempt to beobjective. It was written to reflect the opinions and comments given by editors and guestcontributor. Thus, the references sources may not be suitable for research and academic study.In addition, some of the info may be used in view to support your views and comments. It alsocan be referred as an additional supporting material for the researches by using Facts andFigures, Speeches and Sectorial Report to reflect your research. Beware, this periodical may notbe valid as it was by reviewed by an editor and not from a scholar or expert from the field.Therefore, the info could be not sufficient. 24
  • 25. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED5.1.5 Other FeaturesMajor features offered by BLIS Online Database, as detailed below ;  Announcements – flashing current and latest announcement by Bernama  Top News – flashing top news of a day.  Major Product – Placed major resources at the main page, for easy navigation.Other features offered, as illustrated below ;  Shortcut to other link.  Shortcut to  Promotions collections.  Free trial for  Customer potential users service or feedback 25
  • 26. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED6.0 SummaryYou may have heard that "knowledge is power," or that information, the raw material ofknowledge, is power. But the truth is that only some information is power, such as reliableinformation. Information serves as the basis for beliefs, decisions, choices, and understandingour world. If we make a decision based on wrong or unreliable information, we do not havepower and we have defeat. The reliability of a source depends on context. Each source must becarefully weighed to judge whether it is reliable for the statement being made and is the bestsuch source for that context. In general, the more people engaged in checking facts, analyzingissues, and study the writing, the more reliable the publication.Based on the study and hands-on on both databases, we may conclude that both OnlineDatabases has its own strengths and weaknesses. The accuracy of the data or information shouldbe strengthened to ensure the quality of information offers. BLIS should play bigger role incollecting Malaysian Journal’s Author to publish their findings and study. BLIS may want tocompile all presented findings which held in Malaysia, in the database. User is looking forwardto have more accurate and reliable facts for academician and study. Therefore, Emerald has beenone of the best online database which provides valid and accurate journals to public.In addition, accessing Emerald seems to be easy compared to BLIS. BLIS requires anotherpassword which may be a barrier for user to log in. The password which we have key-in viaUiTM Library;s webpage should be sufficient in view of easy and user friendly log in into thedatabase.BLIS should enhance their searching techniques to facilitate user’s exploring in view of gettingthe information. While Emerald, new searching techniques should be implemented to ensureaccession of information is successful. Both databases should be ready to incorporate moresubject and scope in the database. The more subject and scope it covers, the more referencematerials will offer more fruitful choice of research topics. 26
  • 27. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASEDOverall, it depends on your needs. As we have done a review for both, we may summarized thatEmerald’s collection is tailored made for us. With a wider scope covers, we could choice the bestreferences sources that we need to support our research. Journals that are in Emerald wasvalidated and peer reviewed by expert in the said field to ensure the research and finding isrelevant and assured reliable to set a standard for quality of its service. By using Emerald, itcould save our time as we can find not only scholarly journals but also books and other relatedmaterials, by just simple log in and clicking the search buttons. In other hands, it offers a journalor study from international research but also globally including Malaysia’s Reseracher, forexample our Professor Adnan Jamaludin and Dr. Aliza, to ensure it cover global perspectivecoverage. With Emerald, your references material is just about a click… 27
  • 28. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Question No. 2 : Select ONE of those database, choose a topic and do a search for articles and describes the steps that you have followed until you get a result. Attached one complete article (full text) from your result as a proof of your search. 28
  • 29. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED7.0 Searching an articles from Emerald Management Plus online database.Step 1:  Log in to UiTM PTAR Library Website. www.http://library.uitm.edu.my Bear in mind, the linking maybe slow due to flash illustration on the land page. 29
  • 30. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 2:  Under eResources, click Online Databases.  By clicking on the link, you will be forward to the next steps.  Step 3:  You are now in Library Online Databases webpage. 30
  • 31. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 4:  You may want to use EZAccess Login (off-campus access), to be linked to your require online database. If you wish to be forwarded to list of online databases, click here.  We prefer to Login  first, to view online databases listing. Note: Please get password and ID from Librarian.  31
  • 32. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 5:  You are now in UiTM Library Online Databases Listing Page.  Click on require Online Database based on your reference topic and subject. We wish to refer on Talent Management reference material. Thus, we have chosen Emerald Management Plus, as it covers on Management Subject.  32
  • 33. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 6:  You will be transferred to a new window.  You are now in Emerald Management Plus Website.  Bear in mind, password and id is not required, as you have logged in earlier via EZAcess. Step 6:  You can now start your searching.  Remember, your topic should be synchronized with the subject covers. 33
  • 34. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 7:  Searching methods like Boolean, Truncation, Wildcard can be used to specify your searching result.  We have chosen to perform Boolean searching method to search Talent Management Subject.  Key in your subjectby using BooleanSearchingTechniques.And click GO  Step 7:  Be patient, as the database is doing its searching of the said topic. 34
  • 35. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 8:  The result of searching has been displayed.  You have the choice to select best result for either Journal, Books and others to simplify or deeper your search. Choose your media 35
  • 36. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 9:  We have chosen Journals for our searching.  The number of listing has reduced.  You may now search for the journal and download the file.  You may also use marked the box, to transfer bibliography details to Endnotes software.  You may also modify your search, or do a new search.  If you wish to get an idea on topics, abstract can be showed by clicking Abstract link.  36
  • 37. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 10:  The journal ready to be downloaded.  Save the file in your drives. File has been downloadedAlso used thisfeatures totransferbibliographicdetails toEndnotesSoftware Save your file 37
  • 38. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED Step 11:  The downloading is completed. Step 12:  The file is now yours.  Ready to be reviewed.  The original downloaded file, is attached. 38
  • 39. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED8.0 References 1. Emerald. In Advance Search. Retrieved 22 February 2011, from http://www.emeraldinsight.com/. 2. BLIS - Bernama Library and Infolink Service. Retrieved 22 February 2011, from http://blis.bernama.com/. 3. UiTM - Universiti Teknologi MARA. In Library - Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak (PTAR). Retrieved 22 February 2011, from http://library.uitm.edu.my/v1/. 39
  • 40. IMC 406 – Library Skill DESCRIPTION OF ONLINE DATABASED9.0 Appendixes Appendixes – The searched document/journal From Emerald Management Plus Topic : Talent Management 40