In 304 BC , the second emperor of the MauryaDynasty, Bindusara, welcomed a son into the world.The boy’s mother Dharma was only a commonerand he had several older half-brothers. This boy wasnamed Asoka Bindusara Maurya. Asoka had been given the royal militarytraining knowledge. He was a fearsome hunter, andaccording to a legend, he killed a lion with just awooden rod. He was very adventurous and a trainedfighter, who was known for his skills with the sword.
A SUDDEN CHANGE OF HEARTAsoka’s reign as emperorbegan wit a series of wars andbloodshed, culminating inthe Kalinga war of 260 BC.The continuous loss of lifesand suffering witnessed onthe battlefield made himturn away from wars. Hesubsequently became deeplyinfluenced by Buddhism, andadopted the “Dharma”, whichconsist of basic virtuousteachings that can bepracticed by all menregardless of social origins.
ASOKA’S SELFHe taught and persuaded his people to love and respect all livingthings. He DISCIPLINE of the Sanctity of all human life. insisted on the recognitionHe abolished the unnecessary slaughter of animals. He established thelaw to protect the wildlife.Asoka also showed mercy on the imprisoned people by allowing themto leave.Universities were build by Asoka for the studies of the human being.He treated his subjects as equalsRegardless of their religion,Politics and cast.He adopted a calm and politenature and his main aim wasto convey his disciplines in hispeople.As, Dharma conveys the messageof calmness and showing love toThe mankind Asoka adopted allthose qualities in his disciplines.So, as a result he is still known as“Asoka the Great” and is stillRespected as a great leader.
MONUMENTS WERE BUILD BY ASOKAASOKA’SSWORD ASOKA’S EMPIRE
ASOKA’S LEADERSHIPAsoka was a frightening warrior with a mighty heart.This was made clear by his fearless skills with hissword in the battlefields.He was and will always be a great leader in the history.He leaded his men to great success and guided themto always act as a great fighter.He established a good government as an ideal to bevenerated and kindredly administered. King Asokaundoubtedly has to be credited with the first seriousattempt to develop a Buddhist polity. Today, withwidespread disillusion in prevailing ideologies, andthe search for a political philosophy that goes beyondgreed (capitalism), hatred (communism) and delusion(dictatorship led by “infallible” leaders), Asoka’sedicts may still make a meaningful contribution to thedevelopment of a more spiritually-based politicalsystem of a good government for every nation.
During his reign, Asoka became an avid Buddhistpractitioner, building 84000 stupas across his empire tohouse the sacred relics of the lord Buddha. He sent hisfamily on religious pilgrimages to foreign places, and stageda massive assembly so holy men from the world over couldconverse upon the philosophies of the day. More than evenBuddhism was Asoka’s deep involvement in the Dharma.The Dharma became the ultimate expression of the moraland ethical standards he desired his subjects to live by.Asoka defined the main principles of Dharma as non-violence, tolerance of all sects and opinions, obedience toparents, respect for the Brahmans and other religiousteachers and priests, liberality towards friends, humantreatment of servants and generosity towards all. Theseprinciples suggest a general ethic of behavior to which noreligious a social group could object.