CLIMATE OF INDIA
India is a vast country and has different relief features. India has
very hot and very cold regions has well as regions with heavy
rainfall and very scanty rainfall. A large part of india has tropical
monsoon climate. The climate of India has been influenced by it's
position, size, relief features and the monsoon winds
The climate of India may be
divided into four seasons
1. Winter-December to February
2. Summer -March to May
3. South-West Monsoon or Rainy season-June to September
4. Retreating Monsoon – October and November
Sun's rays fall vertically over the Sothern Hemisphere. Hence
India gets oblique rays of sun and the temperature decreases.
Day are bright due to sunlight but the night are cold.
Temperate cyclones which originate over the Mediterranean
sea and cause rainfall and snowfall in the north Wetern parts
From the March to May
Sun's rays fall vertically over the northern Hemisphere
Temperature is high in India
North Indian plain has very high temperature because of long
days and distance from the sea.
Dust storms and hot dry winds are common.
Northern mountain region and the Plateaus of Peninsular India
Rainfall occurs at few places.
Assam and West Bengal get some rain.
North-Western regions do not get only rainfall
Coromandel Coast gets some rainfall
June to September
75% of the avearge rainfall
Rajasthan develops a low pressure area.
In India get rainfall from South West monsoon.
South West monsoon are moisture laden winds and give
heavy rain to a greater part of India.
With the exception Tamilnadu, most part of India get
rainfall from the South-West monsoon.
The Retreating Monsoon Season
South West monsoon winds started Retreating from the
beging of the October due to decrease in temperature and
increasi in pressure there are called Retreating monsoon
This is a transition period.
Cyclonic depressions are formed in the Bay of Bengal.
Heavy rainfall to the Coast of Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh
India gets about 13% of the total annual rainfall durind this